Shape & Form Shape and form define objects in space. Shape has only height and width • has two dimensions–height and width • usually defined by lines. Forms exist in three dimensions • have height, width, and depth. • can be seen from more than one side • Are the basis of sculpture, furniture, and decorative arts.
Texture The surface quality of an object that we sense through touch. Two-dimensional work of art (drawing) texture gives a visual sense of how an object would feel in real life if touched: • hard or soft, • Rough, sharp, or smooth, • hairy or leathery, Three-dimensional works (sculpture or Impasto) artists use actual texture to add a tactile quality to the work. To imply textures, artists use: • color • line • shading Removing and scoring clay Olive Trees by Vincent Van Gogh (1889) Oil on canvas, Minneapolis Institute of Arts
Line A line is an identifiable path created by a point moving in space. • one-dimensional and • can vary in width, direction, and length. • often define the edges of a form. • can be horizontal, vertical, or diagonal, straight or curved, thick or thin. • leads your eye around the composition • can communicate information through their character and direction
Kiln Fired Clay (Part 1) • GREENWARE. When clay is wet, it is easy to mold and form. As it dries the water in the clay evaporates and the clay hardens. • KILN. Firing is the term for heating the clay in the kiln. • BISQUE. Clay which has been fired once, without glaze. KILN GREENWARE BISQUE
Kiln Fired Clay (Part 2) • GLAZE. Glaze is the paint used to color clay projects. There are small particles of silica in our colorful glazes, when they are heated in the kiln they will melt and transform into glass! • KILN. Firing is the term for heating the clay in the kiln. • Take Home!
Color Light reflected off objects. Color has three main characteristics: • hue(red, green, blue, etc.) • value(how light or dark it is) • Yellow or black? • intensity(how bright or dull it is) • Bright yellow or dark yellow Colors can be: • warm (red, yellow) • cool (blue, gray) Depending on position in spectrum Hot Cold
Silica Glazes Don’t Mix, Layer, or Blend well. • White: Leave blank (dull) or use glaze (bright) • Create boundaries: (red sun, yellow face) • Layering: Dark on bottom, light on top (with 3 coats of light color) • Don’t mix your own colors (unless you want muddy brown) • Black is the exception (lays on top of anything)
Please Do NOT Pick up your bisque piece! (Or get glaze on the bottom.) Use the same brush in multiple colors!!
Please Do 3 Coats of paint please! *(Let it dry) Be creative!