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Stool Culture, E. coli O157:H7. D. M. M. Lab. Stool Culture,E. coli O157:H7. Aim of the test Detect E. coli O157:H7 from stool specimen or rectal swab and perform sensitivity test.

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stool culture e coli o157 h72
Stool Culture,E. coli O157:H7
  • Aim of the test
  • Detect E. coli O157:H7from stool specimen or rectal swab and perform sensitivity test.
  • The Latex test will demonstrate by slide agglutination, E. coli strains possessing the somatic O157 antigen and Flagella H7 antigen.
sorbitol macconkey smac agar
Sorbitol MacConkey (SMAC) Agar
  • This is a selective and differential medium for the isolation of Escherichia coli O157:H7.

Ingredients :

Final pH 7.4 ± 0.2 at 25°C

sorbitol macconkey smac agar principl e
Sorbitol MacConkey (SMAC) Agar Principle…
  • This medium contains Sorbitol instead of lactose and it is recommended for the detection of E. coli 0157:H7 which ferments lactose but does not ferment Sorbitol and hence produce colorless to pale yellow colonies in the presence of Neutral red pH indicator.
  • Sorbitol fermenting strains of E. coli produce pink-red colonies, The red color is due to production of acid from sorbitol, in the presence of Neutral red pH indicator which change into pink when the pH of the medium drops below 6.8.
  • It’s also contain Crystal violet and Bile salts to inhibit gram positive bacteria.
sorbitol macconkey smac agar7
Sorbitol MacConkey (SMAC) Agar

Escherichia coliO157:H7 colonies growing on MacConkey Agar with Sorbitol Incubated aerobically for 24 hours at 37 deg. C.

Escherichia colicolonies growing on MacConkey Agar with Sorbitol Incubated aerobically for 24 hours at 37 deg. C.

e coli o157 latex test
E. coli O157 LATEX TEST
  • Principle of the Test Procedure:
  • Latex particles are coated with an antiserum against E. coli O157 antigen. When the coated latex particles are mixed with fresh colonies of E. coli serotype O157 the bacteria will bind to the antiserum, causing the latex particles to visibly agglutinate (positive reaction). Bacteria which are not O157 serotype will not bind to the antiserum and will not result in agglutination (negative reaction).
  • Test Procedure:
  • Allow all reagents to come to room temperature before use. The E.coliO157 Latex Reagent and Negative Control Latex Reagent must be tested with the Positive Control Antigen prior to running test specimens. The E. coli O157 Latex Reagent must show positive agglutination and the Negative Control Latex Reagent must show no agglutination within two minutes. This indicates that the reagents retain their activity.
test procedure
Test Procedure

Test material may be obtained by culturing clinical specimens and using either:

Non-sorbitol fermenting colonies (NSFC) from Sorbitol MacConkey agar medium.

Subculture of NSFC from non-selective agar medium.

Select suitable colonies from the agar medium surface.

Re-suspend the colonies in 0.2 ml normal saline in a culture tube.

Place one drop of E.coli O157 Latex Reagent on to a test circle on one of the test cards provided. Using a sterile pasteur pipette add one drop of the test specimen (colony suspension) to the test circle, then mix with the Latex Reagent using one of the mixing sticks provided.

test procedure continue
Test Procedure continue ……

Rock the card gently and examine for agglutination for up to two minutes.

Isolates that give a positive result with the test latex must be tested further by repeating the procedure using the Negative Control Latex Reagent.

quality control
Quality Control
  • The E. coli O157 Latex Reagent and Negative Control Latex Reagent must be tested with the Positive Control before running the test isolates. There must be agglutination with the E. coli O157 Latex Reagent within two minutes and no agglutination with the Negative Control Latex Reagent.
  • Latex Reagentlatex particles coated with purified rabbit IgG that reacts with E. coli serogroupO157. Latex particles.
  • Positive Control suspension containing E. coli serotype O157:H7 antigen.
  • Negative Control latex particles coated with purified rabbit IgG that does not react with E. coli serogroupO157.
interpretation of the results
Interpretation of the Results

1. The following table shows how the results obtained with the E. coli O157 Latex Reagents and the E. coli O157 Positive Control should be interpreted:

interpretation of the results13
Interpretation of the Results

2. Agglutination of latex reagents with test specimen is interpreted as shown below:

post specimen processing
Post Specimen Processing
  • Interfering factors:
  • Patient on antibiotic therapy.
  • Improper sample collection.
  • Result reporting:
  • A positive report will be issued only in case E. coli O157:H7 were isolated, otherwise, a negative report will be issued.
  • Turn around time:
  • Isolation of a possible pathogen can be expected after 2-4 days.
  • Negative culture will be reported out 2 days after the receipt of the specimen .