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E. coli O157:H7 food born infection . (A presentation to grow awareness among the general public ). Re.: http ://www.ecoliblog.com/2007/06. Shyamal Ghosh , Walden University May 7, 2011 . F oodborne disease . Disease caused by consumption of contaminated foods or beverages. 

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e coli o157 h7 food born infection
E. coli O157:H7food born infection

(A presentation to grow awareness among the general public )

Re.: http://www.ecoliblog.com/2007/06

ShyamalGhosh,

Walden University

May 7, 2011

f oodborne disease
Foodborne disease
  • Disease caused by consumption of contaminated foods or beverages. 
  • Microbes, or pathogens contaminate foodscauses different foodborne infections. 
  • Poisonous chemicals, or other harmful substances also cause foodborne diseases if they are present in food. 

http://www.cdc.gov/

outbreak of e coli o157 h7 infections
Outbreak of E. coli O157:H7 Infections
  • As of March 22, 2011, 14 persons infected with the outbreak strain of E. coli serotype O157:H7 have been reported
  • Age & sex: 1 to 70 years, with a median age of 13.5 years. 79% are male.
  • Among known 13 ill persons, hospitalized 3 or 23% , and none have hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS). No death reported.

Re: http://www.cdc.gov/

mode of infection
Mode of infection
  • http://www.ecoliblog.com/2007/06/

Escherichia coli O157:H7 infections can spread through

  • Contaminated food,
  • Contaminated drinking water,
  • Contaminated swimming water, and
  • from toddler to toddler at a day care center

Re: http://www.cdc.gov/

e coli contamination
E. coli Contamination
  • The most common source of E. coli contamination is cattle, spread through contact with contaminated feces, food and plant products.
  • Certain foods show very dangerous strains such as:

Undercooked and raw hamburgers

Salami

Alfalfa sprouts

Spinach

Lettuce

Milk (unpasteurized).

Re.: http://www.cdc.gov/

consumers precaution protect themselves from foodborne illness
Consumers precaution protectthemselves from foodborne illness.
  • Cook: Cook thoroughly to be sure to kill bacteria . 
  • Separate : Keep your food separately from raw food
  • Chill: Refrigerate your food .
  • Clean: Wash your food before use.
  • Report: Report suspected foodborne illnesses to your local health department.
  • Re.:FightBAC!(TM) education campaign
cdc urges health care professionals to
CDC urges health care professionals to:
  • Establish the causes in a patient's illnessand ways to prevent foodborne disease.
  • Stool cultures and testing for pathogens–eg. E. coliO157:H7 must be considered.
  • Reporting suspect cases to concern public health officials.
  • Encourage any one representation may be the important case of an outbreak.

Re.: http://www.cdc.gov/

food can be made safer in the first place
Food can be made safer in the first place
  • Buy pasteurized milk

(Now juice pasteurization is a recent important step forward that prevents E. coli O157:H7infections and many other diseases).

  • buy pasteurized fruit juices and ciders.

Re.: http://www.cdc.gov/

sign symptom
Sign -Symptom
  • The illness it causes is often a severe and bloody diarrhea
  • Painful abdominal cramps, without much fever. 
  • Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) can occur several weeks after the initial symptoms. 

Re: http://www.cdc.gov/

diagnosis
Diagnosis
  • E. coli O157 are found by culturing stool samples .
  • Infection is suspectedif patients has bloody

diarrheausually.

  • Culturing for E. coli O157:H7 is relatively simple

and not expensive.

  • Bacteria does colorless colony on sorbitol-

MacConkey (SMAC) agar.

  • http://www.ama-assn.org/resources/doc/infectious-disease/2004_food_o157.pdf
hus kidney failure due to e coli o157 h7 infections
HUS-kidney failure due to E. coli O157:H7 infections
  • Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS)- bloody diarrhea and can be severe if not treated promptly.
  • Most common age group are young children (4-5 years ).
  • It causes end stage renal failure in rare instances.
  • HUS: hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, and acute renal failure.
  • Announcements & Events, Food Poisoning Info
home treatment for diarrhea or bloody diarrhea caused by e coli infection
Home treatment for diarrhea or bloody diarrhea caused by E. coli infection
  • Do not use nonprescription antibiotic
  • Take water frequently or a rehydration

drink

  • Medical care if moderate dehydration
  • (dry mouth, dark brown urine with

less volume ).

http://www.webmd.com/a-to-z-guides/e-coli-infection-home-treatment

hemolytic uremic syndrome hus blood test for thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura
Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome (HUS)-blood test for thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura.
  • www.Announcements & Events, Food Poisoning Info
e coli under microscope
E. Coli under microscope

http://www.nbafoodadvocate.com/magazine-editor-responds-to-congressmans-request-for-gao-investigation-of-e-coli-in-school-lunches-2245

g inger extract blocked the toxin responsible for diarrhea
Ginger extract blocked the toxin responsible for diarrhea

Researchers stated in filed in archive Drugs, Vaccines and Therapeutics , Food and Agriculture on October 2, 2007

  • “Ginger and its derivatives may be effective herbal supplements for the clinical treatment of enterotoxigenic E. coli diarrhea,"
  • http://www.biotech-weblog.com/50226711/ginger_extract_may_treat_e_coli_diarrhea.php
e coli a gram ve rod and facultative anaerobe
E coli ,a gram (-ve) rod and facultative anaerobe
  • According to CDC near about 70,000 people every year affected with this specific type of E. coli in United States.
  • The most common type of E. coli is E. coli O157:H7. (Annis , 2010).

Re.: http://www.cdc.gov/

primary audience of this presentation is general public and other stakeholders are
Primary audience of this presentation is general public and other stakeholders are :
  • Food and Drug Administration. www.fda.gov;
  • Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. http://www.cdc.gov/foodborneburden/index.html.
  • National Institute of Health http://www.hhs.gov/;
  • Department of Agriculture . www.usda.gov
references
REFERENCES

American Medical Association .(2011).Diagnosis and Management

of Foodborne Illnesses . Retrieved from: http://www.ama-assn.org/resources/doc/infectious-disease/2004_food_o157.pdf

Annis K. J. (2010). E. coli contamination outbreak in Maryland . Washington DC Injury Attorney Blog.

Arsenault , R. J.(2011).Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome (HUS). Announcements & Events, Food Poisoning Info. Retrieved from : www.Announcements & Events, Food Poisoning Info

references1
REFERENCES

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.(2008) . Retrieved from: http://www.cdc.gov/nczved/divisions/dfbmd/diseases/ecoli_o157h7/.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2011). Retrieved from : http://www.cdc.gov/nczved/divisions/dfbmd/diseases/ecoli_o157h7/

Goodsell,D.(2007).E.coliImage.Retrievedfrom: http://www.ecoliblog.com/2007/06/

references2
REFERENCES

Safdar, N., Said, A., Gangnon, R.E., Maki, D.G.(2002).Risk of hemolytic uremic syndrome after antibiotic treatment of Escherichia coli O157:H7 enteritis: a meta-analysis. Jaurnal of American Medical Association, 28,288,8,996-1001

Schneider, M.J.(2011). Introduction to public health. Sudbury ,MA : Jones and Bartlett publishers.

The Biotech Weblog (2007) . Retrieved from : http://www.biotech-weblog.com/50226711/ginger_extract_may_treat_e_coli_diarrhea.php

references3
REFERENCES

Vogt, R. L, Dippold, L (2005). Escherichia coli O157:H7 outbreak associated with consumption of ground beef, June–July 2002. Public Health Reports, 120 2,174–8.Retrieved from: http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?tool=pmcentrez&artid=1497708.

WebMD.(2011). Retrieved from : http://www.webmd.com/a-to-z-guides/e-coli-infection-home-treatment

Wong, C.S., Jelacic, S., Habeeb, R.L., et al. ( 2000). The risk of the hemolytic-uremic syndrome after antibiotic treatment of Escherichia coli O157:H7 infections. New England Journal of Medicine, 342 ,26, 1930–6.