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In The Footsteps Of The Master: The Life and Times of Jesus Christ. The Unforgiving Servant June 12, 2011. www.FootstepsOfTheMaster.info. A Special Treat. A Special Treat. Where Did We End Last Week?. We were discussing our responsibilities in the kingdom

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in the footsteps of the master the life and times of jesus christ

In The Footsteps Of The Master:The Life and Times of Jesus Christ

The Unforgiving Servant

June 12, 2011

www.FootstepsOfTheMaster.info

a special treat
A Special Treat

www.FootstepsOfTheMaster.info

a special treat1
A Special Treat

www.FootstepsOfTheMaster.info

where did we end last week
Where Did We End Last Week?
  • We were discussing our responsibilities in the kingdom
    • Become as little children to enter the kingdom
      • Behave rightly for our own sake
    • Not to place “stumbling blocks” in front of the “little ones”
      • Behave rightly for our brother’s sake
    • Go after those who stray
      • For the sake of the body
  • God wants all to be saved

www.FootstepsOfTheMaster.info

if your brother sins
If Your Brother Sins ...
  • Matthew 18:15-17
    • 15“If your brother sins, go and show him his fault in private; if he listens to you, you have won your brother. 16Butif he does not listen to you, take one or two more with you, so that by the mouth of two or three witnesses every fact may be confirmed. 17Ifhe refuses to listen to them, tell it to the church; and if he refuses to listen even to the church, let him be to you as a Gentile and a tax collector.”

www.FootstepsOfTheMaster.info

for discussion
For Discussion
  • What is to be our approach when we see a brother or sister in sin?
  • The Greek text uses the singular second-person for every “you” in this passage
    • Meaning that Jesus is talking to “you”, not “us”
  • It is the responsibility of each individual believer to watch out for others in the body
  • When we see someone in sin today, what do we do?

www.FootstepsOfTheMaster.info

for discussion cont
For Discussion (cont.)
  • If the brother won’t listen to you, take 2-3 others with you
    • If you take others with you, they are to add weight from the church community – not necessarily from the church leadership
    • Nothing in this passage to indicate that this is speaking of formal church discipline

www.FootstepsOfTheMaster.info

if your brother sins1
If Your Brother Sins ...
  • Matthew 18:15-17
    • 15“If your brother sins, go and show him his fault in private; if he listens to you, you have won your brother. 16Butif he does not listen to you, take one or two more with you, so that by the mouth of two or three witnesses every fact may be confirmed. 17Ifhe refuses to listen to them, tell it to the church; and if he refuses to listen even to the church, let him be to you as a Gentile and a tax collector.”

www.FootstepsOfTheMaster.info

when all else fails
When All Else Fails ...
  • If your brother still will not listen
    • Treat him as a Gentile or a tax collector
  • How did Jews feel about each of these categories of people?
  • Again, the instruction here is to individuals

www.FootstepsOfTheMaster.info

the church as a whole
The Church as a Whole
  • Matthew 18:18-20
    • 18“Truly I say to you, whatever you bind on earth shall have been bound in heaven; and whatever you loose on earth shall have been loosed in heaven.19AgainI say to you, that if two of you agree on earth about anything that they may ask, it shall be done for them by My Father who is in heaven. 20Forwhere two or three have gathered together in My name, I am there in their midst.”

www.FootstepsOfTheMaster.info

in my name
In My Name
  • Jesus now turns to “you” in the plural form
    • We move from speaking about responsibilities of the individual to those of the body
  • What does Jesus mean about “binding” and “loosing”?
  • “If two sit together and the words of the Law are between them, the Shekinah rests between them.”
    • Jesus takes this thought a step further ...
    • He is present

www.FootstepsOfTheMaster.info

how many times
How Many Times?
  • Matthew 18:21-22
    • 21Then Peter came and said to Him, “Lord, how often shall my brother sin against me and I forgive him? Up to seven times?” 22Jesussaid to him, “I do not say to you, up to seven times, but up to seventy times seven.”
  • This passage follows on the heels of a discussion about a brother in sin
    • Peter takes it a step further and asks about sins against us

www.FootstepsOfTheMaster.info

the unmerciful servant
The Unmerciful Servant
  • Matthew 18:23-25
    • 23“For this reason the kingdom of heaven may be compared to a king who wished to settle accounts with his slaves. 24Whenhe had begun to settle them, one who owed him ten thousand talents was brought to him. 25Butsince he did not have the means to repay, his lord commanded him to be sold, along with his wife and children and all that he had, and repayment to be made.”

www.FootstepsOfTheMaster.info

timeout
Timeout ...
  • Something’s not right about this story
    • Here is a slave, who owes his master 10,000 talents (maybe of silver)
    • How on earth did a slave get that far in debt?
  • Several items of note:
    • The Greek word for 10,000 here is myria (root of our word “myriad”) and was the largest numeric value in that language
    • The talent was the largest unit of money
    • The intent is to show that this servant owed a debt that could NEVER be paid

www.FootstepsOfTheMaster.info

how much money
How Much Money?
  • A talent is approximately 30 kilograms
    • 30 kg = 66 pounds
    • 66 pounds = 792 troy ounces
    • 792 * $36.16/ounce = $28,639
    • $28,639 *10,000 = $286,390,000
  • In today’s dollars, the slavewould owe his master over$286 Million dollars (over$12B, if gold)
    • Or $280 Million CAD

www.FootstepsOfTheMaster.info

just a little more time
Just A Little More Time ...
  • Matthew 18:26
    • 26“So the slave fell to the ground and prostrated himself before him, saying, ‘Have patience with me and I will repay you everything.’”
  • Here we have the image of a penitent slave, begging for mercy from his master
  • Matthew 18:27
    • 27“Andthe lord of that slave felt compassion and released him and forgave him the debt.”

www.FootstepsOfTheMaster.info

a different reaction
A Different Reaction
  • Matthew 18:28:30
    • 28“But that slave went out and found one of his fellow slaves who owed him a hundred denarii; and he seized him and began to choke him, saying, ‘Pay back what you owe.’”

www.FootstepsOfTheMaster.info

how much money1
How Much Money?
  • A denarius was a day’s wages
    • $12.50/hour * 8 hours = $100/day
    • Less 6.45% FICA withholding
    • Less 1.75% Medicare withholding
    • Less ~15% Federal withholding
    • Less ~5% State withholding
    • Take-home: About $3
  • The second slave owed the first one about 10,000 bucks
    • $9,739 CAD

www.FootstepsOfTheMaster.info

just a little more time1
Just A Little More Time ...
  • Matthew 18:29-30
    • 29“So his fellow slave fell to the ground and began to plead with him, saying, ‘Have patience with me and I will repay you.’ 30“But he was unwilling and went and threw him in prison until he should pay back what was owed.”
    • (I never have understood the rationale behind a debtor’s prison ...)
  • Why would this servant be so unforgiving?
    • Especially given what he’s experienced?

www.FootstepsOfTheMaster.info

what s the deal
What’s The Deal?
  • Matthew 18:31-33
    • 31“So when his fellow slaves saw what had happened, they were deeply grieved and came and reported to their lord all that had happened. 32Thensummoning him, his lord said to him, ‘You wicked slave, I forgave you all that debt because you pleaded with me. 33‘Shouldyou not also have had mercy on your fellow slave, in the same way that I had mercy on you?’”

www.FootstepsOfTheMaster.info

to the dungeon
To The Dungeon!
  • Matthew 18:34-35
    • 34“And his lord, moved with anger, handed him over to the torturers until he should repay all that was owed him. 35Myheavenly Father will also do the same to you, if each of you does not forgive his brother from your heart.”
  • Note that his punishment here is far more severe than what was originally proposed

www.FootstepsOfTheMaster.info

for discussion1
For Discussion
  • What is the story intended to teach us?
    • The first servant was forgiven an unimaginable debt
    • Yet he wasn’t merciful to another who was in his debt
  • How does this relate to us?
    • What’s the teaching moment for all of Jesus’ disciples?

www.FootstepsOfTheMaster.info

next week
Next Week
  • Combined Adult Class in the Auditorium
    • Daniel

Questions?

www.FootstepsOfTheMaster.info