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Symposium Maintenance Requirements, Vienna 23 October 2003. Introduction of new European Requirements on Continuing Airworthiness (Not yet published) The presentation is based on the final draft. Franz Graser, Austro Control. Symposium Maintenance Requirements, Vienna 23 October 2003.

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    1. Symposium Maintenance Requirements, Vienna 23 October 2003 • Introduction of new European Requirements on • Continuing Airworthiness • (Not yet published) • The presentation is based on the final draft. • Franz Graser, Austro Control

    2. Symposium Maintenance Requirements, Vienna 23 October 2003 Presentation - Content • Basic Rule / European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) • Implementing Rule on Continuing Airworthiness • PART-M “Continuing Airworthiness, C of A” • PART-145 “Maintenance Organisations” • PART-66 “Certifying Staff – Licence” • PART-147 “Training Organisations”

    3. Symposium Maintenance Requirements, Vienna 23 October 2003 Basic Rule / EASA

    4. Symposium Maintenance Requirements, Vienna 23 October 2003 Basic Rule / EASA • Commission Regulation (EC) No 1592/2002 • “Essential Requirement” • Basis for Common rules in the aviation field within • European Union • Basis for establishing a European Aviation Safety Agency • Publication: 7 September 2002 • Entry into force: 28 September 2002

    5. Symposium Maintenance Requirements, Vienna 23 October 2003 Basic Rule / EASA • Commission Regulation (EC) No 1592/2002 • “Essential Requirement” • Entry into force: 28 September 2002 • Agency commencement of operations: • 12 months after entry into force: 28 September 2003

    6. Symposium Maintenance Requirements, Vienna 23 October 2003 Basic Rule / EASA • Commission Regulation (EC) No 1592/2002 • “Essential Requirement” • Article 5.2(c) – Continuing Airworthiness (C of A) • Article 5.2(d) – Maintenance Organisation Approval • Article 5.2(e) – Certifying Staff • Article 5.2(f) – Training Organisation Approval

    7. Symposium Maintenance Requirements, Vienna 23 October 2003 Basic Rule / EASA • Article 5 of the “Essential Requirement” form the basis for the Commission Regulation (EC) No…/.. • “Implementing Rule on the continuing airworthiness of aircraft and aeronautical products, parts and appliances, and on the approval of organisations and personnel involved in these tasks” • Entry into force 28 September 2003, Not yet published

    8. Symposium Maintenance Requirements, Vienna 23 October 2003 Basic Rule / EASA • Implementing Rule on Continuing Airworthiness…….regulates the transfer from JAR Maintenance Codes to European Regulation and has 4 Annexes: • I: PART-M (based on Draft JAR-M) • II: PART-145 (based on existing JAR-145) • III: PART-66 (based on existing JAR-66) • IV: PART-147 (based on existing JAR-147)

    9. Symposium Maintenance Requirements, Vienna 23 October 2003 Basic Rule / EASA • Each PART is divided into • Section A - Technical Requirements (Applicant) and • Section B - Administrative Procedures (Competent Authority) • Acceptable Means of Compliance and Guidance to PARTs are currently under development by EASA

    10. Symposium Maintenance Requirements, Vienna 23 October 2003 Relationship between Regulations / The Concept

    11. Symposium Maintenance Requirements, Vienna 23 October 2003

    12. Symposium Maintenance Requirements, Vienna 23 October 2003 Implementing RulePART- M

    13. Symposium Maintenance Requirements, Vienna 23 October 2003 PART-M Content • Accountability • Continuing Airworthiness • Maintenance Standards • Components • Maintenance Organisation • Continuing Airworthiness Management Organisation • Certificate of Release to Service • Certificate of Airworthiness

    14. Symposium Maintenance Requirements, Vienna 23 October 2003 PART-M Concept • 2 ways of managing continuing airworthiness • Approved • Approved Continuing Airworthiness Management Organisation • - Subpart-G • Maintenance released by: • - Subpart-F • - PART-145 • Non Approved (only for non Commercial Air Transport) • Continuing Airworthiness Management by the owner • Maintenance released by: • - An Approved Maintenance Organisation • - An PART-66 licensed Engineer

    15. Symposium Maintenance Requirements, Vienna 23 October 2003 PART-M Concept • The Certificate of Airworthiness of • unlimited duration • + • An Airworthiness Review Certificate • Valid 1 to 3 years • Validating the C of A when accompanying it

    16. Symposium Maintenance Requirements, Vienna 23 October 2003 PART-M Concept • 3 ways of issuing an “ARC” Airworthiness Review Certificate • By an Approved Continuing Airworthiness Management Organisation • Only for aircraft managed by the same approved organisation for the last 6 months • By the Member State based on a recommendation by an Approved Continuing Airworthiness Management Organisation • For aircraft not managed by an approved organisation or not having been managed by the same approved organisation for the last 6 months • By the Member State after direct inspection • For certain cases where the authority feels it must intervene. Some cases will be listed.

    17. Symposium Maintenance Requirements, Vienna 23 October 2003 PART-M Subpart A: General • Applicability: • Contains the Continuing Airworthiness requirements • applicable to all aircraft and their components issued with • a certificate of airworthiness • Effectivity • Definitions

    18. Symposium Maintenance Requirements, Vienna 23 October 2003 PART-M SubPART-B: Accountability • General Aviation:The owner/lessee • Can delegate tasks to approved organisations with a “Continuing Airworthiness Arrangement”

    19. Symposium Maintenance Requirements, Vienna 23 October 2003 PART-M SubPART-B: Accountability • Commercial Air Transport:The Operator • Must be approved according to Subpart G for continuing airworthiness management. • (Subpart G for AOC holders is based on Subpart M of JAR-OPS) • In the case of Commercial Air Transport, it is important to stress that: • - The continuing airworthiness management is the • operator’s direct responsibility • - Responsibilities and tasks remain unchanged • - Only the C of A renewal has been added to the responsibilities

    20. Symposium Maintenance Requirements, Vienna 23 October 2003 PART-M Subpart C: Continuing Airworthiness • Continuing Airworthiness Tasks • Maintenance Programme • Airworthiness Directives • Data for Modifications and Repairs • Aircraft Continuing Airworthiness Record System • Operator's technical Log System • Transfer of Aircraft Continuing Airworthiness Records

    21. Symposium Maintenance Requirements, Vienna 23 October 2003 PART-M Subpart D: Maintenance Standards • Maintenance Data • Performance of Maintenance • Aircraft defects

    22. Symposium Maintenance Requirements, Vienna 23 October 2003 PART-M Subpart E: Components • Installation • Component Maintenance • Service Life Limited Components • Control of Unserviceable Components

    23. Symposium Maintenance Requirements, Vienna 23 October 2003 PART-M Subpart F: Maintenance Organisation

    24. Symposium Maintenance Requirements, Vienna 23 October 2003 PART-M Subpart G: Continuing Airworthiness Management Organisation

    25. Symposium Maintenance Requirements, Vienna 23 October 2003 PART-M Subpart H: Certificate of Release to Service • Aircraft Certificate of Release to Service • Component Certificate of Release to Service • Pilot-Owner Authorisation

    26. Symposium Maintenance Requirements, Vienna 23 October 2003 PART-M Subpart I: Certificate of Airworthiness • Validity • Aircraft continuing airworthiness review • Transfer of aircraft registration within the EU • Airworthiness review of aircraft imported into the EU

    27. Symposium Maintenance Requirements, Vienna 23 October 2003 PART-M Appendix I to VIII • Appendix I: Continuing Airworthiness Arrangement • Appendix II: Authorised Release Certificate (EASA Form 1) • Appendix III: Airworthiness Review Certificate (EASA Form 15) • Appendix IV: Approval Ratings - Subpart F Organisation • Appendix V: Approval Certificate – Subpart F Organisation (EASA Form 3) • Appendix VI: Approval Certificate – Subpart G Organisation (EASA Form 14) • Appendix VII: Complex Maintenance Tasks • Appendix VIII: Limited Pilot Owner Maintenance

    28. Symposium Maintenance Requirements, Vienna 23 October 2003 Implementing RulePART-145

    29. Symposium Maintenance Requirements, Vienna 23 October 2003 • The basis for PART-145 • PART-145 is based upon JAR-145 Amendment 5, dated 1 January 2003 • Changes are made in order to ensure consistency with newly introduced PART-M and PART-66, to include aeroplane and helicopters with a maximum take-off mass below 5700kg • No further changes to the content of the requirement

    30. Symposium Maintenance Requirements, Vienna 23 October 2003 Implementing RulePART-66

    31. Symposium Maintenance Requirements, Vienna 23 October 2003 • The basis for PART-66 • ICAO Annex 1 • PART-66 is based upon JAR-66 Issue 1 dated 3 April 1998. This code applied to certifying staff on aeroplanes and helicopters with a maximum take-off mass of 5700kg and above • This code has been completed to include aeroplanes and helicopters with a maximum take-off mass below 5700kg • Other additional changes are made in order to ensure consistency with newly introduced PART-M, in particular as concerns the use of the PART-66 licence outside the PART-145 environment

    32. Symposium Maintenance Requirements, Vienna 23 October 2003 • Changes to JAR-66 – General • Finally changes were introduced with the objective of clarifying the border between PART-145 and PART-66. • PART-145 deals with the requirements and privileges of certifying staff within an Approved Maintenance Organisation, while PART-66 deals with the requirement and privileges associated with the licence. • This change has also been made necessary because of the introduction of PART-M, where the privileges of the licence holder will be different to those from an PART-145 Approved Maintenance Organisation.

    33. Symposium Maintenance Requirements, Vienna 23 October 2003 • Definition of “Large Aircraft” according to Commission regulation … continuing airworthiness of aircraft… • “Large Aircraft” means an aircraft, classified as an aeroplane • with a maximum take off mass of more than 5700kg, or a • multi-engined helicopter” • Remark: • All other aircraft are „non-large aircraft“, the wording „light aircraft“ will be • used for this part of the presentation

    34. Symposium Maintenance Requirements, Vienna 23 October 2003 • Changes to JAR-66 – Light Aircraft • The scope of existing A, B1, and B2 categories is extended to include light aircraft • The scope of existing C category is extended to include light aircraft. Category C is an option and not required by PART-145 and PART-M. Release to service for light aircraft will be performed by Category B1 and/or B2 certifying staff, as appropriate

    35. Symposium Maintenance Requirements, Vienna 23 October 2003 • Changes to JAR-66 – Light Aircraft • Category B1.2 (piston engine aeroplanes) examination syllabus is simplified in order to reflect the fact that the technology of the piston engine aeroplane group is simpler than that of the turbine engine aeroplane group. A new Module 11b specific to piston engine aeroplanes is introduced, the number of questions required for Subcategory B1.2 and A2 has been reduced • Category B1.4 (piston engine helicopter) examination syllabus remains almost the same (some changes in Module 5 only)

    36. Symposium Maintenance Requirements, Vienna 23 October 2003 • Changes to JAR-66 – Light Aircraft • Experience requirements for categories B1.2 and B1.4 are reduced to 3 years instead of 5 years previously • Light aircraft will require type examination only, instead of type training for large aircraft. The text includes however a provision for the Agency to require type training for those light aircraft it would consider as complex aircraft • Group Ratings instead of type ratings will be possible for light aircraft

    37. Symposium Maintenance Requirements, Vienna 23 October 2003 • Changes due to the introduction of PART-M • The minimum age to apply for an PART-66 licence is 18 years old. This aligns with ICAO Annex 1. • The scope of B1 and B2 licence holders includes now line and base maintenance. This is due to the fact that PART-M requires all maintenance (including based maintenance) to be released to service by B1 and B2 certifying staff. It should be noted that for large aircraft PART-145 still limits the scope of B1 and B2 certifying staff to line maintenance. • Continuing experience requirements are introduced. This is based upon ICAO Annex 1 requirements and makes the PART-66 licence ICAO compliant.

    38. Symposium Maintenance Requirements, Vienna 23 October 2003 • Detailed explanation of main differences to JAR-66 • “Protected rights” are now covered in PART-66.A.70 (conversion provisions) • PART-66.A.1defines the licence categories/sub-categories • PART-66.A.30 includes reduced experience requirements for Subcategories B1.2 and B1.4. The experience required to add a category C to a subcategory B1.2 or B1.4 is increased to 5 years. • PART-66.A.30 new sub-paragraph is introduced which specifies the experience requirements to add a Category or subcategory to an existing category. The detailed requirement is included in Appendix IV to PART-66.

    39. Symposium Maintenance Requirements, Vienna 23 October 2003 • Detailed explanation of main differences to JAR-66 • PART-66 Appendix IV

    40. Symposium Maintenance Requirements, Vienna 23 October 2003 • Detailed explanation of main differences to JAR-66 • PART-66.45 new sub-paragraph is introduced which specifies the type training requirements. The detailed requirement is included in Appendix III to PART-66. • Appendix III “Type training and examination standard”. This Appendix is based on ATA Specification 104 and TGL40.

    41. Symposium Maintenance Requirements, Vienna 23 October 2003 • Detailed explanation of main differences to JAR-66 • PART-66.45 new sub-paragraph is introduced which allows group ratings instead of type ratings for light aircraft.

    42. Symposium Maintenance Requirements, Vienna 23 October 2003 • Detailed explanation of main differences to JAR-66 • Manufacturer group ratings may be granted after complying with the type rating requirements of two aircraft types representative of the group from the same manufacturer. • Full group ratings may be granted after complying with the type rating requirements of three aircraft types representative of the group from different manufacturers. However, no full group rating may be granted to B1 multiple turbine engine aeroplanes, where only manufacturer group rating applies.

    43. Symposium Maintenance Requirements, Vienna 23 October 2003 • Detailed explanation of main differences to JAR-66 • PART-66.45 new sub-paragraph is introduced to allow type examination instead of type training for light aircraft. The type examination standard is defined in Appendix III “Type training and examination standard”.

    44. Symposium Maintenance Requirements, Vienna 23 October 2003 • Detailed explanation of main differences to JAR-66 • PART-66.75 New paragraph for certifying staff of aircraft other that aeroplanes and helicopters. It refers to the existing Member States national requirements. • PART-66.80 New paragraph for certifying staff of component. It refers to the existing Member States national requirements.

    45. Symposium Maintenance Requirements, Vienna 23 October 2003 • Detailed explanation of main differences to JAR-66 • PART-66.B.135 New paragraph based upon Chapter 25 – conversion report - National Standard versus PART-66 standard • PART-66.B.150 New paragraph based upon Chapter 25 – examination credit report – National Standard versus PART-66 Syllabus

    46. Symposium Maintenance Requirements, Vienna 23 October 2003 • Detailed explanation of main differences to JAR-66 • Appendix I to PART-66 Basic Knowledge Requirements • Module 5 Digital Techniques - is simplified for subcategories B1.2 and B1.4. • New Module 11b: Piston Aeroplane Aerodynamics, Structures. Based upon former Module 11 but simplified to cater for piston engine aircraft technology. Applicable to Subcategories A2 and B1.2 only. • Module 16: Piston Engine, New - Diesel engine operating principles. New paragraph 16.4.3 deals with Electronic Engine Control (FADEC) - piston engine.

    47. Symposium Maintenance Requirements, Vienna 23 October 2003 • Detailed explanation of main differences to JAR-66 • Appendix II to PART-66 Basic Examination Standard • New Appendix based upon Chapter 23 • Appendix III to PART-66 • Definitions of type training levels (ATA Spec. 104). • Type training standard based upon TGL40. • Type training examination standard based upon TGL 40. • Examination standard for light aircraft exempted from type training.

    48. Symposium Maintenance Requirements, Vienna 23 October 2003 • Detailed explanation of main differences to JAR-66 • Appendix IV to PART-66 Experience Requirements • New Appendix based upon TGL 30, but revised due to the change of experience requirement for Category B1.2 and B1.4. • Appendix V to PART-66 • Application Form (EASA Form 19) • Licence Form (EASA Form 26) - The page entitled ‘conditions’ has been changed to reflect the use of the PART-66 licence in non commercial air transportation (PART-M).

    49. Symposium Maintenance Requirements, Vienna 23 October 2003 Implementing RulePART-147

    50. Symposium Maintenance Requirements, Vienna 23 October 2003 • The basis for PART-147 • PART-147 is based upon JAR-147 Amendment 1 dated 1 July 2002 Issue 1 dated 3 April 1998. Minor changes were introduced subsequent to the PART-66 changes arising from the extension of the rule to cover ‘light aircraft’. • This code has been completed to include aeroplane and helicopters with a maximum take-off mass below 5700kg.