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Grids, Grids, Everywhere…. Nano , Micro, Large, and Smart . Bob Dixon Head of Industry Affairs Building Performance & Sustainability Building Technologies Division. Beliefs to Question and…. ….Tough Questions to Answer.

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grids grids everywhere nano micro large and smart

Grids, Grids, Everywhere…. Nano, Micro, Large, and Smart

Bob Dixon

Head of Industry Affairs

Building Performance & Sustainability

Building Technologies Division

beliefs to question and tough questions to answer
Beliefs to Question and…. ….Tough Questions to Answer

Will the cost of energy go down in the future?

Will environmental regulations be reduced?

Does the “cleanest technology” make clean energy?

On a personal basis, have I done everything I can?

Is the Smart Grid the one silver bullet to solve the problem?

Is global warming a myth?

Climate

Change

Demographic

Change

Urbanization

Globalization

We’re doing business in more places

We’re living longer

There are more people in cities

It’s getting warmer

Maryland Clean Energy Summit 2013 - 10/16/2013 - R. Dixon

slide3

Industry

11

Industry(Primary energy)

22

Buildings (Electricity)

13

%

Forrestry

14

8

Buildings(Primary energy)

14

18

Agriculture

Waste

Mobility/Transportation

20%

80%

Cost

Year

1 - 2

2 - 5

20 - 40

0 - 1

Design Build

Operate & Maintain, Renovate & Revitalize

Deconstr.

Most energy consumption takes place in buildings… ….Smart Buildings are crucial to solving these challenges

40% of the world energy consumption*

21% of the global GHG emissions***

Mobility

Buildings

28%

41%

Industry

31%

Energy accounts for 40% of the building operation cost**

*International Energy Association, auf weltweiter Basis, im Jahr 2002 / ** Dena Congress, Berlin, 2008 / *** „Global Mapping of Greenhouse Gas Abatement Opportunities up to 2030”, Building Sector deep dive, June 2007, Vattenfall AB, basiert auf Information von IEA, 2002, % der weltweiten Treibhausgasemissionen; Total 40 Gt CO2e

Maryland Clean Energy Summit 2013 - 10/16/2013 - R. Dixon

thinking beyond the building what is a smart building
Thinking beyond the building……… ……..What is a “Smart” Building?

A safe, secure, reliable, and comfortable facility that integrates and optimizes supply, demand, operational, and sustainability strategies that maximizes life-cycle value.

A safe, secure, reliable building, campus, manufacturing, or production facility that efficiently and productively consumes purchased or created on-site, electricity, natural gas, renewable, other fuels, and water, in a integrated, holistically planned and day-to-day executed, environmentally friendly strategy, from its initial green field design, through construction, migration, modernization, until retirement/demolition, that provides an acceptable return-on-investment.

Maryland Clean Energy Summit 2013 - 10/16/2013 - R. Dixon

rethinking the building
Rethinking the Building

Smart Buildings

Future Buildings

A safe, secure, reliable, and comfortable facility that integrates and optimizes supply, demand, operational, and sustainability strategies that maximizes life-cycle value.

Net Zero Energy / Net Zero Carbon

Self-sufficient Buildings

Maryland Clean Energy Summit 2013 - 10/16/2013 - R. Dixon

slide6

Control strategies

Onsite generation

Storage

Consumption

to grid

Base load

Demand

24h

0h

Efficiency built into building systems and integration into the Building Automation System

Smart Building information and control strategies are the foundation for efficient and integrated operation with the grid

Smart Building

Smart grid infrastructure

Transparency infrastructure

Dashboards

Analytics

Sub-meters

Smart consumption infrastructure

BAS

Energy management applications

OpenADRZigBeeBACnet

Maryland Clean Energy Summit 2013 - 10/16/2013 - R. Dixon

smart buildings dynamically balance consumption onsite generation and storage
Smart Buildings dynamically balance consumption, onsite generation and storage

Applications

1

  • Two-way communication with utilities
  • Proactive energy management / smart consumption
  • Energy sources with onsite generation assets
  • Storage capacity for added flexibility
  • Active carbon management

3

1

2

3

2

4

5

5

4

Maryland Clean Energy Summit 2013 - 10/16/2013 - R. Dixon

slide8

PV

PV

PV

Smart Buildings react to changes in the Smart Grid, providing the functionality for advanced grid applications
  • Distribution and generation resources controlled through energy automation system (SCADA)
  • Central generation resources and step-up transformers

Smart Grid

Macro-Grid (“Smart Grid”)

Micro-Grid

  • Resources controlled through energy automation system (Micro-Grid Controller, SCADA UI)
  • Distributed generation resources
  • Distributed storage resources.

Nano-Grid (“Smart Building”)

+

+

+

+

Consumption

Storage

Generation

Distribution

Transmission

  • Resources controlled through Building Automation System
  • Integrated generation and storage
  • The building presents itself as a distributed resource

Maryland Clean Energy Summit 2013 - 10/16/2013 - R. Dixon

grids grids grids
Grids, Grids, Grids…….

Maryland Clean Energy Summit 2013 - 10/16/2013 - R. Dixon

slide10

BAS1

BAS1

BAS1

To join the Smart Grid, Smart Buildings need to be able to duplicate many of its control functions on a local scale

Smart Gridfunctional components

A new role for building automation

Traditional, central generation and storage resources will remain under centralized control.

But many of the new, distributed resources will be attached to building sites (e.g. rooftop solar) and will need to be integrated through the building’s Building Automation System (BAS).

Building owners are unlikely to give grid managers direct access to field-level resources. The BAS will perform an important role in managing generation, storage and consumption on behalf of the building operator.

Gas

Turbines

Wind

Solar PV

Fuel cell

Switchgear

Pumphydro

Controls &monitoring:

SCADA, Energy management system, DRMS, cyber security

Inverters

Thermal

Sensors

Flywheels

Trans-formers

Battery

Relays

Electric vehicles

Lighting

Utility or Micro-Grid Manager Control

Building owners will soon expect their building automation systems to be able to “talk” to the grid, or at least guarantee an upgrade path.

Sub metering

Heat

Chillers/

boilers

Pumps

Building owner control

Note: Diagram shows major components and is not exhaustive 1) Building Automation System

Maryland Clean Energy Summit 2013 - 10/16/2013 - R. Dixon

slide11

Michelangelo

Alan kay

Thomas Edison

Opportunity is missed by most people as it is dressed in overalls and looks like work

The Best way to predict the future is to invent it.

Together, We can invent our future, if we aim high and work hard.

The greater for most of us is not that our aim is too high and we miss it, but we aim too low and we reach it.

Maryland Clean Energy Summit 2013 - 10/16/2013 - R. Dixon

contact information
Contact information

Maryland Clean Energy Summit 2013 - 10/16/2013 - R. Dixon