Parts of a Research Paper FV11A8900 Academic Writing in English
Objectives • What is Academic Writing • Forms of academic writing (genres) • Types of writing approaches • Structure of a research paper • Introductions - CARS
What is academic writing? Writing by scholars (you) for scholars (your peers, your teachers and your profs).
Forms of AW • Arguably, everything you write in university. • Most common forms: • Essays • Research papers articles, case studies, reports • Theses • Dissertations
Types of approaches Find out more about these at:The Online Writing Lab (OWL) at Purdue University http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/section/1/3/ http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/685/1/ Cappelen Damm http://access-socialstudies.cappelendamm.no/c319365/artikkel/vis.html?tid=382115
Basic structure (IMRaD) Literature review Data collection Data analysis Image source: http://sana.tkk.fi/awe accessed 7.9.10
Exercise 1 • 2 introductions • Find the 3 basic moves of the CaRS model • In groups of 3 or 4, discuss what you’ve found.
Exercise 2 • Go through your ’controversy’ text. • Can you identify the 3 moves in the CaRS model? • In pairs (work with someone you haven’t worked with before) • Briefly explain what controversy your essay is about to your partner • Show which (if any) of the 3 moves you identified. • Work together to improve your introductions.
Homework 1/4 • Go to http://sana.tkk.fi/awe/style/reporting/sections/intros/index.html • Read through the more specific details of CaRS • Practice using the exercises (20 min)
Homework 2/4 • Find a reference paper • From a peer reviewed journal (not Newsweek, New Scientist, etc.) • 10-12 pages long • Check the following: • Does it follow IMRaD? • Does it follow the CARS model?
Homework 3/4 • Reading (textbook) • 1.2A – Finding suitable sources (pg 11) • and 1.2B – Reading: developing critical approaches. (pg 19) • 1.11 Introductions and conclusions (pg 88) • Do exercise 4 Practice A (pg 87) – bring it with you to the next class.
Homework 4/4 • Preparation for the next class... Grammar! Parts of speech. Handout is in Noppa