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World Religions. Timeline of religions. 2000BCE: Hinduism 1350BCE: Judaism 628-527BCE: Zoroastrianism 580-500BCE: Daoism 563-483 BCE: Buddhism 551-479BCE: Confucianism 481-403BCE: Legalism 1-33CE: Christianity 100CE: Shinto. Buddhism Diffusion to China.

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timeline of religions
Timeline of religions
  • 2000BCE: Hinduism
  • 1350BCE: Judaism
  • 628-527BCE: Zoroastrianism
  • 580-500BCE: Daoism
  • 563-483 BCE: Buddhism
  • 551-479BCE: Confucianism
  • 481-403BCE: Legalism
  • 1-33CE: Christianity
  • 100CE: Shinto
buddhism diffusion to china
Buddhism Diffusion to China
  • Southern China began to adopt Buddhism
    • Many monasteries set up along the Silk Road and in caves.
    • Buddhist arts flourished, especially in the caves at Dun-huang, Yun-gang and Long-men.
    • 1,000 caves at Dun-huang = Buddhist paintings & there were thousands of Buddha statues.
monasteries
Monasteries

China

Japan

monasteries2
Monasteries

Mongolia

Japan

tibetan buddhism
Tibetan Buddhism
  • Developed in Tibet in 7th century CE
  • Mix of Theravada & Mahayana
  • Dalai Lama
    • Manifestations of Bodisattva
    • 14th incarnation of Buddha
    • Lives in exile in India due to China annexation
basic beliefs messiah
Basic Beliefs—Messiah
  • Jesus of Nazareth = Son of God
    • Messiah ‘anointed one’
  • Jesus Christ = savior of mankind
    • Suffered died  resurrected
    • Brings salvation from sin for all
christianity foundation
Christianity Foundation
  • Jesus was Jewish and taught a reinterpretation of classic Jewish scripture
  • Founded after death of Jesus by followers (Paul)
    • Moved further away from classic Jewish scripture to create a new religion
appeal of christianity
Appeal of Christianity
  • Social Opportunities
    • Orthodox Jews found more relaxing approach
    • Women liked the emphasis on equality
      • “You are all one in Christ Jesus”
      • Women were still subservient to men in many ways however
    • Slaves like the emphasis on equality
      • 1/3 (33.33333333333333333333333333333333333333%) in Greece
      • 40% (2/5) in Rome were slaves
      • Taken by conquest & regarded as barbarians
christianity rome
Christianity & Rome
  • Looking to keep the peace and avoid political upheaval
  • Previously used ‘Diasporas’ to ‘spread out’ groups found unfavorable
    • Jewish population
    • Makes groups easier to control
    • Creates a disjointed and fragmented empire
constantine 312 337
Constantine, 312-337
  • 1st Christian Emperor?
    • Fought Maxentius and won!
    • Legalized Christianity in 313
  • Political or religious reasons?
roman influences on christianity
Roman Influences on Christianity
  • Evidence indicates Constantine merged the two
    • December 25th = Sol Invictus (Sun God) = Day of birth
      • Roman festivals: Dies Natalis Solis Invicti “the birthday of the unconquered sun”
      • Sunday (Sabbath): Roman day for Sol Invictus
      • Winter solstice or bruma: Sun is ‘unconquered’ despite shortened days
first council of nicaea
First Council of Nicaea
  • 325 by Constantine
  • 1st doctrinal conference of bishops of Christian Church
  • Significance?
    • Political and religious power begin to merge
results of nicaea
Results of Nicaea
  • 300 Bishops attend
  • Trinity and divinity of Jesus was voted on
  • Separated Easter from Passover
  • Created Nicene Creed
  • 1st merger between Christian Church and Roman Empire
quick
Quick!
  • Draw a Venn Diagram!
  • Identify the similarities and differences between Buddhism and Hinduism!