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Understanding Financial Aid: Information Session Presented by Triena Bodart, UW-Milwaukee. Financing Your Education. Goal of financial aid How to apply Determining eligibility Types of aid available. Goal of Financial Aid. To assist students in paying for college.

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Understanding financial aid information session presented by triena bodart uw milwaukee

Understanding Financial Aid:Information Session Presented by Triena Bodart, UW-Milwaukee

Financing your education
Financing Your Education

  • Goal of financial aid

  • How to apply

  • Determining eligibility

  • Types of aid available

Goal of financial aid
Goal of Financial Aid

  • To assist students in paying for college.

  • To provide opportunity and access to higher education.

    Helps “bridge” the gap between what the family can pay and the cost of education.

Paying for college is a
Paying for College is a

…Shared Responsibility

  • Students and Parents

  • State and Federal Governments

  • Private Sources

Financial aid regulations
Financial Aid Regulations

  • Are determined by federal

    and state statutes and legislators

  • Establish your eligibility for

    most types of aid

  • Apply to all schools

You may be eligible for aid but
You may be eligible for aid, but…..


And it’s free!


Completing the fafsa
Completing the FAFSA

♦The earliest you may file the FAFSA is January 1

of the year you graduate high school

♦ Check with the colleges where you plan to apply for deadlines and institutional requirements.

♦ The FAFSA is student specific.

♦ It is o.k. to estimate income

♦ Who is considered a parent?

♦ You must re-apply for aid every year.

What is a pin www pin ed gov
What IS a PIN?www.pin.ed.gov

  • Personal Identification Number

    • Electronic Signature

  • Students and parents must get PINs

  • PIN delivered immediately

  • Can also be used for:

    • Renewal on the Web

    • Corrections on the Web

    • National Student Loan Database

    • Signing promissory notes for student/parent loans

Applying online is so easy
Applying Online is so Easy:

  • Complete and send FAFSA on the internet directly to federal processor

  • Automatically edits data as you enter it and detects errors before submission

  • Skip logic: asks only what you must answer

  • English or Spanish versions

  • Electronic Signature

  • E-mail notification of results

  • Detailed online help screens

  • Real-time online chat for immediate answers

  • Instant access to EFC estimate

  • Parents with more than one child in college only need to enter parental information once.

Get help
Get Help

College Goal Sunday

  • Free program to help families

    complete the FAFSA

  • February 20-21, 2010

  • Scholarship drawing at each site

  • 25 sites throughout Wisconsin




Proceed with caution
Proceed with Caution!

  • Never pay a fee to file the FAFSA

    • When filing a FAFSA, make sure you go directly to: www.fafsa.gov (not www.fafsa.com)

    • Contact the financial aid office if you need help in completing the FAFSA

  • Never pay for financial aid assistance!

    • Financial aid nights

    • Campus tours

    • Scholarship searches

Expected family contribution efc federal methodology established by u s congress
Expected Family Contribution (EFC)(Federal Methodology established by U.S. Congress)

Determined by filing the FAFSA


Main determinants of the efc
Main Determinants of the EFC

  • Income

  • Assets

  • Family size

  • Number in College

  • Age of the older parent

Adjustments to EFC may be made due to Verification and/or Special Circumstances that limit ability to pay

Expected family contribution efc
Expected Family Contribution (EFC)

Is the sum of four separate calculations:

Contribution from Parental Income

Contribution from Parental Assets

Contribution from Student Income

Contribution from Student Assets

Assets and the fafsa
Assets and the FAFSA

  • Assets Included

  • Cash, Savings & Checking Accounts

  • Rental Real Estate equity

  • Value of Business land, buildings, equipment, inventory, etc. for companies with 100 or more employees.

  • Trust Funds, Mutual Funds

  • CD’s, Money Market Funds

  • Stocks, Bonds

  • Education IRA’s

  • College Savings Plans (529’s)

  • Value of prepaid college tuition plans

Assets Not Included

  • Home in which you live

  • Family farm which you live on and operate

  • Value of Business land, buildings, equipment, inventory, etc. for companies with under 100 employees.

  • Value of life insurance and retirement plans (pensions, annuities, Keogh’s non-education IRA funds, etc.)

Dependency status
Dependency Status

  • At least 24 years old;

  • Graduate or professional student;

  • Married;

  • Has child for whom student provides more than half support;

  • Has dependent other than child or spouse who lives with student and for whom provides more than half support;

  • Orphan;

  • In foster care or a ward of the court, at any time when the individual is 13 years of age or older;

  • Is an emancipated minor or is in legal guardianship;

  • Has been verified as an unaccompanied youth who is homeless or at risk of homelessness and is self-supporting;

  • Veteran of the U.S. Armed Forces or currently serving active duty for other than training purposes in the U.S. Armed forces; or

  • Determined to be independent by the financial aid administrator via Professional Judgement

    (Parents refusal to provide support or financial data is insufficient to make a student independent regardless of tax filing status)

Frequent fafsa errors
Frequent FAFSA Errors

  • Missing Signatures/PIN

  • Wrong Social Security Number

  • Divorced/remarried parent information

  • Untaxed income

  • U.S. income taxes paid

  • Household size

  • Number in postsecondary education

  • Not using real name


Financial need defined
Financial Need Defined

Cost of Attendance (COA)

– Expected Family Contribution (EFC)

= Financial Need

What are the costs
What Are the Costs?

(Direct & Indirect)

Tuition and Fees

+ Room and Board

+ Transportation

+ Books & Supplies

+ Miscellaneous Personal Expenses

= Cost of Attendance (COA)

Special circumstances call the financial aid office
Special Circumstances? Call the Financial Aid Office

  • Divorce/Separation after filing the FAFSA

  • Loss of income or benefits

  • One-time income

  • Death or Disability of parent/disability of student

  • Medical/Dental expenses not covered by insurance

  • Elementary or secondary school tuition

  • Dependency override


  • The earliest a student can file the FAFSA for the 2010-2011 academic year - January 1, 2010

  • Check with the colleges at which the student plans to apply for institutional deadlines and requirements.

  • Failure to apply early may result in less aid even if eligible.

  • Students must re-apply for aid every year.

After you file the fafsa
After you file the FAFSA

  • Results are sent electronically to the college(s) the student selected.

  • Students may be required to verify the information submitted on the FAFSA (submit tax forms).

  • Contact the college with any Special Circumstances.

  • After the student is admitted to a college, a financial aid package will be prepared.

What is financial aid
What is Financial Aid?

  • Grants

  • Scholarships

  • Loans

  • Employment opportunities

Three primary sources of funding
Three primary sources of Funding:

  • US Department of Education

    • the federal agency that provides college funding in the form of grants, scholarships, work study, and loans

  • State

    • most states have agencies that administer state scholarship and grant programs, college savings and prepaid tuition programs, and loans. (In WI it is HEAB, the Higher Educational Aids Board.)

  • Colleges & Universities

    • schools may offer their own scholarship, grant, work-study and loan programs, with each college setting its requirements

Gift aid free
Gift Aid (FREE $$$)

Grants & Scholarships

  • Federal (Administered by schools)

    • Federal Pell Grant

    • Federal SEOG

    • Academic Competitiveness Grant (ACG)

    • National SMART Grant

    • TEACH Grant

  • State (Administered by HEAB, DPI-WEOP & Schools)

  • Institutional (Endowment funds from Schools)

  • Private (Various outside organizations)

Need versus merit aid
Need versus Merit Aid

  • Aid based on financial need

    • Most government grants

    • Subsidized student loans

    • Federal Work-Study

  • Aid based on merit

    • Academic and athletic scholarships

    • Some government grants

  • Some scholarships require merit and need

Avoid being scammed
Avoid Being Scammed

  • For information about financial aid scams and tips to avoid being scammed check:

    • Department of Education’s web site at: http://studentaid.ed.gov/students/publications/lsa/index.html

    • Federal Trade Commission’s web site at: www.ftc.gov/bcp/conline/publs/alerts/ouchart.htm

  • To check the legitimacy of scholarship search organizations or individuals check Better Business Bureau’s web site at: http://www.bbb.com/

Self help aid
Self-Help Aid

Loans (must be repaid with interest)

  • Federal Stafford Loan

  • Federal Perkins Loans

  • Federal PLUS (Parents or Grad students)

  • State or Institutional Loans

  • Private-Educational Loans

    Employment (must be earned as wages)

  • Federal work study

  • Institutional work-study programs

Federal stafford loan

Two types of Stafford Loans:

  • Subsidized - no interest accrues while in school or in deferment; Student who has remaining need; (Interest rate of 4.5% for 2010-2011, 3.4% 2011-2012)

  • Unsubsidized - interest begins immediately, although repayment is not required immediately: Student has no remaining need; interest rate of 6.8%

Stafford loan limits
Stafford Loan Limits

  • Freshman $5,500

  • Sophomore $6,500

  • Junior $7,500

  • Senior $7,500

  • 5th Year & beyond $7,500

  • Cumulative maximum for dependent undergraduate is $31,000, with no more than $23,000 in subsidized loans.

  • Tips for Borrowing

    - Borrow conservatively! Remember: Loans have to be paid back- Keep detailed records- Borrow only what is needed for direct educational expenses - Utilize Tax Benefits like Interest Deductibility & the American Opportunity Tax Credit and/or Lifetime Learning Credit

    Federal student loans
    Federal Student Loans

    Every family should file a FAFSA. Regardless of income, every student qualifies for a Federal Stafford loan, if they meet the basic eligibility requirements.

    Benefits of a federal student loan:

    • You don’t have to repay until you leave school

    • Lower interest rates than private loans or credit cards

    • Credit record is not needed

    • Co-signer is not required

    Other Financing Options

    - Parent PLUS (Parent Loan for Undergraduate Student)- Private Educational Loans - Monthly Payment Plans- Home Equity Loans

    Other sources of funds
    Other Sources of Funds

    Parental Affiliations

    • Employers & Labor Unions

    • Religious and Community Organizations

    • Clubs and Civic groups

      Civic organization scholarships

    • High School

    • Local Public Library

      Private business scholarships

    Government resources
    Government Resources

    • Corporation for National and Community Service

    • Veteran’s benefits

    • ROTC Scholarships and/or stipends

    • Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) Grants

    • State Divisions of Vocational Rehabilitation (DVR)

    • Health and Human Services Loan and Scholarship Programs

    How to compare college financial aid offers
    How to Compare College Financial Aid Offers

    • Start with tuition, fees, room and board

    • Subtract grant and scholarship offers only

    • The difference is your “net cost”

    • Always compare net cost

    • Do not subtract Federal Work Study as a lump sum disbursement


    • FAFSA4caster will:

      • Automatically generate a Federal Student Aid PIN for

        use when signing the FAFSA

      • Instantly calculate eligibility for federal student aid

      • Generate a FAFSA –a FAFSA populated withstudent FAFSA4casterdata will be availablewhen the student isready to file the officialFAFSA

    Questions thank you for attending
    Questions?Thank you for attending!

    Helpful websites to remember
    Helpful Websites to Remember:

    • www.PIN.ed.gov

    • www.FAFSA.ed.gov

    • www.wicollegegoalsunday.org

    • www.studentaid.ed.gov

    • www.fafsa4caster.ed.gov

    • www.KnowHowToGo.org

    • www.Going2College.org