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Benchmark 3 Review
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  1. Benchmark 3 Review

  2. 61. How are the Georgia Supreme Court Justices selected? A. They are appointed by the Chief Justice B. They are elected by statewide elections C. They are elected by county wide elections D. They are appointed by superior court judges

  3. They are elected by statewide elections

  4. 62. As a Populist Georgia Politician, Tom Watson would have been MOST likely to support causes of A. Bankers B. Industrialists C. Farmers and the working class D. African Americans and immigrants

  5. Farmers and the Working Class

  6. 63. Which group was established in Georgia in 1960 to gather state residents’ sentiments regarding desegregation and report back to the governor? A. The Sibley Commission B. The Congress of Racial Equality C. The Southern Christian Leadership Conference D. The Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee

  7. The Sibley Commission

  8. 64. All of these were positions held by Andrew Young EXCEPT A. Mayor of Atlanta B. Ambassador to the United Nations C. Judge on the U.S. Court of Appeals D. Member of the House of Representatives

  9. Judge on the U.S. Court of Appeals

  10. 65. All court proceedings are closed to the public and all files pertaining to cases are confidential in A. State court B. Superior court C. Juvenile court D. Magistrate court

  11. Juvenile Court

  12. 66. During the New Deal, the Agricultural Adjustment Act helped farmers in Georgia by • A. Persuading farmers to experiment by planting many different types of crops • B. Encouraging farmers to move from rural areas to find jobs in more urban areas. • C. Paying farmers to plant less cotton, which caused the price of cotton to increase.

  13. Paying farmers to plant less cotton which caused the price of cotton to increase

  14. 67. Which Civil Rights era organization is described by the following: • First organized in 1960 at Shaw University in North Carolina • Played a major role in the “sit ins” and “freedom rides” of the Civil Rights era. • Organized voter registration drives across the South, especially in Georgia, Alabama, and Mississippi. • Served as the main organization for African American youth and young adults during the Civil Rights movement. • A. The Nation of Islam • B. The Black Panther Party • C. The Southern Christian Leadership Conference • D. The Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee

  15. The Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee

  16. 68. The U.S. Supreme Court case Plessy v. Ferguson, (1896) determined that segregation was acceptable under the condition that • A. All children receive permission to attend the same school. • B. Whites receive higher quality facilities and services than blacks • C. The segregations laws did not spread outside the Southern states. • D. The separate facilities or services for both races be of equal quality.

  17. The separate facilities or services for both races be of equal quality.

  18. 69. All of the following phrases are describing: • Born a slave in Walton County in 1858 • Owned and operated 3 barbershops in Atlanta in 1904. • Started Atlanta Life Insurance Association • Atlanta’s first African American millionaire. • A. John Hope • B. Primus King • C. Lucius Holsey • D. Alonzo Herndon

  19. Alonzo Herndon

  20. 70. The economic boycotts of African Americans in the Southern States during the 1950s showed that A. Federal government repeatedly sided with big business B. Their spending power could affect major changes in civil rights C. Whites could easily counter any economic impact of the boycotts D. Such activities were useless in the modern civil rights struggle

  21. Their spending power could affect major changes in civil rights

  22. 71. Which statement BEST describes why United States entered World War I in 1917? A. The Japanese launched a surprise attack on the U.S. B. The U.S. citizens were calling for war against Germany C. The German navy had sunk the Lusitania that same year. D. The U.S. had evidence of a threat to its national security.

  23. The German navy had sunk the Lusitania that same year.

  24. 72. The person described below is most likely: • Naval Academy graduate • Former Governor of a southern state • 39th President of the United States • 2002 Nobel Peace Prize Winner A. Jimmy Carter B. Bill Clinton C. Ronald Reagan D. Dwight Eisenhower

  25. Jimmy Carter

  26. 73. The MOST LIKELY incentive for entrepreneurs to start a new business is A. To make a profit B. To discover a new patent C. To risk financial failure D. To create a new social benefit.

  27. To make a profit

  28. 74. Following the Civil War, ________________ were very common in the southern agricultural scene, bringing with them work tools and work animals. A. Freemen B. Land owners C. Sharecroppers D. Tenant farmers

  29. Tenant farmers

  30. 75. Which event in history is seen by many people as being the beginning of the Great Depression? A. The Stock Market Crash of 1929 B. The beginning of the Dust Bowl C. The end of fighting in World War I D. The creation of the Federal Reserve

  31. The Stock Market Crash of 1929

  32. 76. The governor of Georgia who strongly opposed the New Deal and whose death sparked the “three governors controversy” was A. Ellis Arnall B. Eugene Talmadge C. James V. Carmichael D. Richard B. Russell, Jr.

  33. Eugene Talmadge

  34. 77. During WWII, the Georgia cities of Savannah and Brunswick were BEST known for A. Building Liberty ships B. Manufacturing airplanes C. Having strong military bases D. Having military training bases

  35. Building Liberty ships

  36. 78. All of the phrases are describing what mid 20th Century Georgia governor? • Reformed the state’s prison system • Repealed the Georgia poll tax • Established a teachers’ retirement system • Fought to reduce the power of the office of Governor A. Ellis Arnall B. Joe E. Brown C. Joe Frank Harris D. Eugene Talmadge

  37. Ellis Arnall

  38. 79. The Lend-Lease Act was an attempt by the United States to A. Stay out of World War I B. Divide land acquired from the Mexican War C. Divide lands won as a result of World War I D. Let England borrow weapons in the early 1940s.

  39. Let England borrow weapons in the early 1940s.

  40. 80. Which statement BEST describes the government outlined in the Unites States Constitution? A. The president is given unlimited power B. National power is guaranteed in Article Four C. The power of a one-house Congress is provided by a bill of rights D. Power is divided among legislative, executive, and judicial branches.

  41. Power is divided among legislative, executive, and judicial branches.

  42. 81. In 1911, Georgia produced 2.8 million cotton bales. In 1913, Georgia produced 600,000 bales. What factor MOST contributed to the decline in cotton production? A. Boll weevil B. Japanese beetle C. New Deal incentives D. Eradication programs

  43. Boll weevil

  44. 82. The 1956 Georgia state flag caused controversy for nearly forty years because it A. Changed the state seal B. Was not approved by the governor C. Bore the Confederate battle flag D. Was not flown in front of municipal buildings.

  45. Bore the Confederate battle flag

  46. 83. The money the state government takes in is called revenue. Which of these sources provides the GREATEST percentage of revenue to meet the state’s needs? A. Sales tax B. Property tax C. Lottery funds D. Personal income tax

  47. Sales Tax

  48. 84. In the first half of the 20th century, literacy tests, poll taxes, and grandfather clauses were passed by the southern states in order to A. Deny suffrage to women B. End the Reconstruction Era C. Deny suffrage to African Americans D. Help pay for the growing New Deal programs

  49. Deny suffrage to African Americans

  50. 85. What is the common factor among the following corporations? Coca-Cola Home Depot Delta Airlines Georgia Pacific A. Each corporation relies on Georgia taxpayers to finance their operations B. All four corporations were founded and developed by Mayor William Hartsfield C. Each corporation has dealt with falling profits and faced bankruptcy in recent years D. They are all examples of entrepreneurial enterprises that are headquartered in Georgia.