Genomics and You. “What is it and why now?”. Overview. Genetics vs. Genomics Misperceptions Applicability to public health Challenges. Genetics vs. Genomics. Genetics: study of single genes and their effects (cystic fibrosis) Genome: all the genetic material (DNA) of an organism.
“What is it and why now?”
9 of the top 10 causes of death in the U.S. have a genetic component?
Genetics is just one piece of the “puzzle”
It’s true, we can’t change our genes. BUT we can use this knowledge to …
Ethical, Legal, and Social Issues (ELSI)
Genomics won’t change the goals of public health. But it can be used as a tool to help target at-risk populations, through tailored messages and interventions.
“Genomics will be to the 21st century what infectious disease was to the 20th century … Genomics should be considered in every facet of public health: infectious disease, chronic disease, occupational health, environmental health, in addition to maternal and child health”
- “Gerard et al. Journal Law, Medicine, Ethics 2002; vol 30 (suppl): 173-176”