CIRRHOSIS. β-adrenergic blockade. Use of nonspecific has been studied extensively in randomized, controlled trials of the primary prophylaxis of variceal bleeding.
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Nitrates. (such as isosorbide-5-mononitrate )
establishment and maintenance of an airway
Vasopressin (antidiuretic hormone)
Sclerosing agents include
sodium tetradecyl sulfate
Total injection volume is
20 to 30 mL
The most commonly used tubes are
After placement of a TIPS, the incidence of hepatic encephalopathy rises from
10% before treatment to 25%
(a) totally diverting shunts
(b) partially diverting shunts
(c) selective shunts.
Maintenance of high pressure with end-to-side shunts may worsen ascites, whereas side-to-side procedures effectively relieve this problem by reducing sinusoidal pressure.
(b) shunt procedures
(c) devascularization procedures.
The only definitive procedure for the treatment of portal hypertension caused by cirrhosis is:
Orthotopic liver transplantation,