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U.S. Imperialism

U.S. Imperialism

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U.S. Imperialism

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  1. U.S. Imperialism “Americans must now begin to look outward. The growing country demands it.” Alfred Mahan 1890

  2. Imperialism: • Social Darwinism • Nationalism: • Militarism:

  3. Early imperialistic action • 1854 Japan and Perry • 1867 “Seward’s Folly” and Midway Island • 1881 Sec. Of State Blaine’s urging of hemisphere conferences … 1890 Pan American Conf. …1910 Pan American Union

  4. Hawaii • 1870s Sugar power • Desire for deep port • 1891 Queen Liliuokalani wants “Hawaii for the hawaiians.” • 1893 Marines • Pres. Cleveland

  5. Expansionists’ Reasons • Overseas Markets • Patriotism and Foreign Policy Elite • Missionary Impulse • Public Opinion

  6. Flexing Muscles • 1895-96 Venezuela boundary dispute with British Guiana • 1899 China a land of millions of potential customers … • John Hay’s Open Door Policy • Boxer Rebellion

  7. A Splendid Little War • Cuba • 1895 insurrection vs. Spain • Gen. “Butcher” Weyler and reconcentration camps • Yellow journalism • Cleveland anti-imperialist stance • 1896 McKinley elected

  8. Remember the Maine • War frenzy • T. Roosevelt, Ass. Sec. of Navy • “Wobbly Willie” has “no more backbone than a chocolate éclair” • TR takes action • War April, 1898 • Admiral Dewey and Manila

  9. Cuba • Teller Amendment • Rough Riders/San Juan Hill • Poorly prepared but .. • Guam, Puerto Rico • Treaty of Paris, 1898 • Did the Constitution follow the flag?

  10. Imperialists • Platt Amendment • Limited Cuba’s right to make treaties or borrow money • US economic rights • Guantanamo Bay • Right to intervene if sovereignty threatened

  11. US-Philippine War • Anti-Imperialist League • Social Darwinism • Aguinaldo leads Filipino guerillas • Goes on for 6 years • Freedom in 1945 • Imperialism leads to…

  12. 1900’s Election • Republicans McKinley and TR • Dem. William Jennings Bryan • Issues … imperialism, gold standard, nationalism, prosperity • McKinley dead within a year.

  13. Teddy Roosevelt • “bully pulpit” • Champion of the common people • Militarist • Internationalist • Nationalist

  14. Mandate from Civilization • The Canal • Clayton-Bulwer Treaty 1850 • Hay-Pauncefote 1901 • Colombia to creation of Panama • Hay-B-Varilla Treaty 1903 • Roosevelt Corollary to Monroe Doc.

  15. 1904-5 Russian-Japanese War • Nobel Peace Prize • “Gentlemen’s Agreement” • Great White Fleet “Join the Navy and see the World”