Red Fox Vulpesvulpes Usually live only 3 years in the wild.
Identification • Small dog-like mammal • Pointed face and ears • Lightly built body and long fur • The tail is one third of the length of the fox • Males are slightly larger than females • Foxes are larger the farther north they hunt
Range The Red Fox lives around the world in many diverse environments.
Habitat • Red foxes live in diverse habitats around the world • They have been known to live in forests, grasslands, mountains, prairies and deserts • Native to every continent except Australia (it was introduced) the fox makes its home in most any environment
Diet • Nocturnal omnivore • Eats mostly fruits, berries, grasses, insects, birds, and small mammals • Will store extra food in preparation for hard times
Mating • Mates from January through March • Courting foxes travel and hunt together for about three weeks • The male fox expands his range to find more prey to support the female while she is carrying and caring for the kits
Den • The female will make or adopt many dens in case one is disturbed • Red fox may use rabbit burrows or badger sett • They hunt from 4 to 8 km around the den • When not breeding, the red fox does not use a den and sleeps on the ground wrapped in its tail
The Young • Two months after mating the female gives birth to a litter of 1-10 kits • The kits leave the den when they are about a month old and are fed by their mother until they are seven months old • Foxes tend to live in social groups based on family ties
Predators • Red fox have few predators because predators rarely eat other predators • Large predatory birds or wolves may attack foxes • Badgers have rarely been observed to attack foxes if in a dispute • Humans sometime kill foxes
Voice • Foxes are quiet outside the breeding season • Newborn foxes make a yelping noise • Adult foxes have a high pitched cry that sounds similar to a cat • Sound plays an important role by helping locate other foxes and track a mate • A recording of the red fox howl can be found: http://www.fcps.edu/islandcreekes/ecology/Mammals/Red%20Fox/RedFoxYell.wav
Interesting Facts • Not all Red foxes are actually red, there is a range of colors of the fox which can occur in the same litter • Red fox and badgers have been known to share burrows with the badger as the ‘landlord’ that can evict the fox at any time • A mother will giver her kits live prey to ‘play’ with. This helps develop valuable hunting skills
Work Cited • http://tailsofgold.files.wordpress.com/2009/12/red-fox-sleeping.jpg • http://www.hww.ca/hww2.asp?cid=8&id=102 • http://blackforestmusings.files.wordpress.com/2008/12/redfox.jpg • http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/red-fox/
http://mynarskiforest.purrsia.com/ev4rhab.htm • http://www.destination360.com/north-america/us/kansas/prairies • http://www.rivernen.ca/fox_0021.jpg • http://www.wildlifeonline.me.uk/red_fox.html • http://www.wildlifephotoart.com/acatalog/courtship_chase_PFX-8_200.jpg
http://www.worldofstock.com/slides/NAN6501.jpg • http://scienceblogs.com/strangerfruit/480_eagle%20vs%20fox.jpg • http://www.fcps.edu/islandcreekes/ecology/Mammals/Red%20Fox/RedFoxYell.wav • http://www.nhptv.org/natureworks/redfox.htm