MENA Vocabulary Pretest - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  1. MENA Vocabulary Pretest

  2. 1. *A Mesopotamian terraced pyramid in which each terrace is smaller than the one below it.

  3. ziggurat

  4. 2. @*A movement that encouraged Jews to return to Palestine, the Jewish homeland, which many Jews call Zion.

  5. Zionism

  6. 3. *A famous emperor of ancient Mesopotamia, who ruled from 1792 to 1750 B.C.

  7. Hammurabi

  8. 4. *An area between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers in what is now the country of Iraq.

  9. Mesopotamia

  10. 5. @*The founder and prophet of Islam

  11. Muhammad

  12. 6. *The removal of salt from sea water to make it usable for drinking and farming.

  13. desalination

  14. 7. *A Sumerian system of writing, in which wedge-shaped symbols were used.

  15. Cuneiform

  16. 8. *A religion that developed out of Judaism that is based upon the life and teachings of Jesus.

  17. Christianity

  18. 9. @*Chemical product derived from petroleum or natural gas.

  19. Petrochemical

  20. 10. *People with no fixed home who move about in search of food, water, and grazing land.

  21. Nomads

  22. 11. *A region consisting of what is now Iraq, northeast Syria, and part of southeast Turkey.

  23. Fertile Crescent

  24. 12. @*A country to the south of Egypt that was a source of the gold the Egyptians used in their pyramids.

  25. Nubia

  26. 13. *The monotheistic religion founded by Abraham and whose followers are called Jews.

  27. Judaism

  28. 14. Not pertaining to or connected with religion.

  29. secular

  30. 15. *A man made water passage in NE Egypt connecting the Mediterranean and the Red Sea.

  31. Suez Canal (11/17/1869)

  32. 16. *The entire body of Jewish religious literature, law, and teaching.

  33. Torah

  34. 17. *In Islam, a house of public worship.

  35. Mosque

  36. 18. *The Organization which decides the price and amount of oil produced each year in Iraq, Iran, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Venezuela, and other countries.

  37. O.P.E.C. Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries

  38. 19. *The sacred text of Islam.

  39. Qur’an or Koran

  40. 20. *Rich in resources and nutrients.

  41. fertile

  42. 21. @*One of the first inhabitants of Mesopotamia.

  43. Sumerians

  44. 22. *A religion that teaches that there is one god and that Muhammad is his prophet.

  45. Islam

  46. 23. *A follower of the religion of Islam.

  47. Muslim

  48. 24. @*A pilgrimage to Mecca that most Muslims try to make at least once in a lifetime.

  49. Haj (or hajj)

  50. 25. *The collection of sacred writings of the Christian religion.