Autism Presented By: Sarah Younes and Ali Bsat
Outline • Definition of autism • Different types of autism • What causes autism? • When does autism appear? • Signs of autism • Is there a cure?! • Known people that suffer from autism • How are autistic people unique? • References
Definition of autism • Is a disorder of neutral development characterized by impaired social interaction and communication. • Affects information processing in the brain by altering how nerve cells connect and organize. • Has a strong genetic basis and the genetics of autism are complex.
Different types of autism There are many different types of known autism, the main three are: • Autistic Disorder: • It is the most serious of all types. • Also known as true autism, this disorder results behaviors, interests, and activities. • Pervasive Developmental Disorder: • It is typical autism, this is less serious than true autism. • People with this type of autism think literally and not understand humor • Asperger's Disorder: • It is the least serious of all types. • Children with this disorder show little, if any, general language delay.
What causes autism? • The brain shows abnormalities in the frontal lobes and brain stem. • The higher incidence of autism in families points to a genetic aspect. • Toxins enter the bloodstream and reach the brain to cause havoc in many sensory and cognitive functions.
Signs of autism • Parents usually notice signs in the first two years of their child's life. • The signs of autism are: • Communicating verbally and non-verbally. • Relating to others and the world around them. • Thinking and behaving flexibility.
is there a cure?! • Although there is no known cure, there have been reported cases of children who recovered autism. • Not many children with autism live independently after reaching adulthood, though some become successful.
Know people that suffer from autism who succeeded in their lives • John Elder Robinson: Author and autistic. • Thomas McKean: Advocate & autism community leader. • Jason McElwain: Autistic high-school basketball wonder. • Donna Williams: Bestselling author and autistic. • Tim Page: Writer and editor.
More… • Satoshi Tajiri: The creator of Pokémon. • Matt Savage: U.S. autistic jazz prodigy. • Temple Grandin: Animal and autistic advocate. • Daniel Tammet: One of the geniuses in the world today. Daniel is known as “Brainman.”
Conclusion “Do Autistic Children Have Special Gifts?” • Even if autistic people suffer from their disorder, but they must always remember that they are unique, because their DNA is different from anybody else. • Autistic people are special because some of them become successful after working hard, so they value their accomplishments highly. • YOU CAN DO IT IF YOU TRY!!!!!!
References • www.yai.org/resources/?gclid=CP_z0PjZqa8CFc0htAodK3qjXQ • http://www.helpguide.org/mental/autism_signs_symptoms.html • http://www.ontautism.uoguelph.ca/what_causesshtml • http://translate.google.ca/?hl=en&tab=wT#en|ar|incidence • http://serendip.brynmawr.edu/exchange/node/1792