ETHICS. Tristram Jones, Ph.D. Kaplan University, PS517, Unit IX. Why do we bother ?. Well we have the reputation for ethics abuses going all the way back to John B. Watson. The very roots of behavioral study seemed tainted with cruelty!.
Tristram Jones, Ph.D.
Kaplan University, PS517, Unit IX
John B Watson spent a good deal of 1920 scaring the heck
out of a year-old baby named Little Albert at Johns Hopkins!
Cold War Soviet psychiatry was in the trusted hands of Dr Andrei Snezhnevsky for decades. He invented “creeping schizophrenia” wherein schizophrenia remains latent and until it blossoms as political dissidence. Exiled Writer Vladimir Bukovsky, now at Cambridge University, notes: "This means nobody knows whether he is schizophrenic or not unless Professor Snezhnevsky diagnoses it."
SOLUTIONS WERE OFTEN BEHAVIORAL!
The syndrome is named after the Norrmalmstorg robbery of Kreditbanken at Norrmalmstorg, Stockholm, Sweden, in which the bank robbers held bank employees hostage from August 23 to August 28 in 1973. In this case, the victims became emotionally attached to their victimizers, and even defended their captors after they were freed from their six-day ordeal.
Karen Kitchener got to work on that problem!
Six Kitchenerian ethical principles:
•Child abuse or neglect•Elder abuse or neglect•Dependent adult abuse or neglect•Serious threats to harm others•A court order compelling a therapist to testify or release therapeutic information to the court.•Serious threats to harm self or commit suicide.
And…Case consultation with other mental health professionals for the benefit of client’s therapy
The behavior analyst has a responsibility to
operate in the best interest of clients.
Behavior analysts refrain from misuse of assessment techniques, interventions, results, and interpretations and take reasonable steps to prevent others from misusing the information these techniques provide.
The behavior analyst minimizes the use of items as potential reinforcers that may be harmful to the long-term health of the client or participant!
Function as a teacher always willing to disseminate insight!
Behavior analysts have an obligation to bring attention to and resolve ethical violations
I LIKE… BASEBALL!
The behavior analyst promotes the general welfare of society
through the application of the principles of behavior.
change take place?
will be attempted?
should be changed?
MUST CONSTANTLY ASK
Social Validityis a trendy term meaning the conditions of your intervention are acceptable and the targeted behavior is acceptable to change.
you removed my brain my
In medieval Europe
this radical form of
Levels of SOCIAL VALIDITY!