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MQ-4C TRITON

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  1. MQ-4C TRITON AAUS Australia October 2013 MQ-4C Triton Program Update

  2. Legacy of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles OQ-2 OQ-19/SD-1 RP-76 RQ-4B Global Hawk USN/USAF BQM-74 BQM-74F X-47A Pegasus MQ-8B Fire Scout USA/USN X-47B J-UCAS USN/USAF RQ-8A Fire Scout Combat Dawn Compass Cope RQ-4A Global Hawk Compass Arrow RMAX BQM-34 BQM-145A Firebolt Hunter II M324 AQM-34 SPA MQ-5B Hunter E-Hunter RQ-5A Hunter Approved for Public Release: Northrop Grumman Aerospace Systems Case 10-0465 Dated 4/22/10 AS-DSEA-13-00257

  3. Navy MQ-4C Evolution MQ-4C Block xx & Others • Maritime AESA radar • EO-IR turret (MTS-B Variant) • ESM system • AIS and comm relay • Anti-icing and net comms • USAF follow-on with open architecture ground station • New payloads • International – FMS NATO AGS BLOCK 40 • Eleven vehicles • MP-RTIP AESA radar (NGAS with Raytheon and NGES as subs) • Ground/maritime radar surveillance • 5 aircraft Euro Hawk(SIGINT) BLOCK 30 (MULTI-INT) • Twenty one vehicles • Raytheon enhanced ISS (longer range) • NGIS Adv Signals Intel Payload (ASIP) • First aircraft delivered • Four aircraft in work BLOCK 20 • Three BACN • Six USAF aircraft • First of new configuration BLOCK 10 BAMS-D • EO/IR/Radar Maritime Modes/AIS/ESM • One aircraft – based w/USAF in CENTCOM • Three additional Block 10 in Pax River • Extend maritime ops until BAMS IOC BLOCK 0(ACTD) NASA • Two ACTD AVs (jointly managed with NGC) • Environmental Science Campaigns • KQ-X DARPA Air-to-Air Refueling • Two Block 10 + 1 additional ACTD in place Approved for Public Release, Distribution Unlimited: 88ABW-2010-5663; 66ABW-2010-1279; NGAS 10-1313; NAVAIR 11-1189, 12 August 2011; NGAS 11-0875

  4. MQ-4C Triton UAS Program of Record “This capability has never been needed more as we rebalance toward the Pacific, BAMS [Triton] will provide an asymmetric advantage to the U.S. Navy. Long range persistent surveillance transforms the nature of warfare at sea.” Admiral Mark Ferguson, VCNO, July 2012 • Maritime Patrol & Reconnaissance Force (MPRF) community • P-8A Poseidon Adjunct • Leverages Pilot, TACCO, and AWO expertise • Persistent maritime Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance (ISR) UAS • Provides a persistent maritime Common Operational Picture • Surface Warfare (SUW) during Major Combat Operations • “Trip Wire” – Intelligence Preparation of the Environment • Homeland Defense / Overseas Contingency Operations DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: Approved for public release; Distribution is unlimited. 11-1190, 15 August 2011

  5. RQ-4A BAMS-Demonstration Program • Originally a six-month demonstration • Successful capability now used operationally for more than three years • Surpassed 10,000 flight hours in April 2013 • Informing decisions on Triton to provide even greater capability to fleet commanders • Design • Operational CONOPS • Capabilities DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: Approved for public release; Distribution is unlimited. 2013-689 August 2013


  6. MQ-4C Triton UAS Integrated Maritime Patrol Concept Transformational Mixed Force: Effective, Efficient Mission Capability Tailored to the Warfighter’s Requirements • Globally Responsive and Persistent Force - 24/7 coverage of maritime areas of interest • Multi-Spectrum Intelligence Collection - employ an array of sensors to provide the COCOM Maritime Domain Awareness • Fully Networked Platforms – collect and share intelligence data to a wide variety of users DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: Approved for public release; Distribution is unlimited. 2013-689 August 2013

  7. SDD Program Status • Program has entered flight test phase • Envelope expansion through CY2013 in Palmdale, CA • Complete flight test program at NAS Patuxent River • Conduct Operational Assessment in 4Q FY2014 • Continue System Integration Lab testing of software/hardware in support of flight test program • Milestone C in 2Q FY2015 • Initial Operational Capability in 2017 Focus is on providing effective and affordable capability to the fleet DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: Approved for public release; Distribution is unlimited. 2013-689 August 2013

  8. Recent Accomplishments • Completed SDD-1 Flights 1 through 7 • Completed Software Coding of IFC-2 • Initiated SIL Sensor Integration and IFC-2 Testing • Completed 25 MFAS radar surrogate flights • Navy SIL integrated into the test network • Navy FOB integrated with IFC 1.2 in support of Flight 3 • MFAS and ESM powered-up in TSC • BAMS Demonstration program surpassed 10,000 flight hours • Triton Test Hangar completed • Breaking ground for Jacksonville Training Facility • Australia FMS Planning Case signed DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: Approved for public release; Distribution is unlimited. 2013-689 August 2013

  9. Northrop Grumman MQ-4C Triton UAS Industry Team Communications V-Tail andSecondary Structure L3 CommunicationsSalt Lake City, UT Aurora FlightSciencesBridgeport, WV Engine Due Regard Rolls-RoyceIndianapolis, IN ITTVan Nuys, CA Fuselage EO/IR Turret Northrop GrummanMoss Point, MS RaytheonMcKinney, TX AMMS, IMMC Wing Mission ControlSystem Curtiss WrightSanta Clarita, CA TriumphAerostructuresVought IntegratedPrograms DivisionDallas, TX Multi-FunctionActive Sensor UAVC2 Northrop GrummanBaltimore, MD Final Assembly Northrop GrummanPalmdale, CA ESM Northrop GrummanHollywood, MD Dulles, VA Sierra Nevada CorporationSparks, NV DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. 11-212, 17 February 2011. 9

  10. MQ-4C Triton UAS Improvements • Thermo-Mechanical Expulsion Deicing System (TMEDS) • Bleed Air Engine Inlet Anti-icing • WB KA SATCOM (Wideband Geospatial Satellite) for increased oceanic coverage • Wing Strength improvements for gust loads • Active fuel system Cg control Performance • Aircrew training device embedded in Main Operating Base Mission Control System • Forward fuselage strength for sensors • Upgrade to 30 KVA Generator • New 270 V power convertor • IMMC processors refresh • AMMS Processor Growth Margin • Due Regard • 360° maritime Radar / EO-IR / ESM / AIS • High / Low profile Availability • More reliable power distribution units • Dual ice detectors • Improved ECS / LCS Cooling • KN-4074 PGE (improved navigation) • AMMS Enhanced Cooling • Enhanced Prognostic Health Management (pHM) • Improved radome structural strength & aerodynamics • Fixed fairing for EO/IR • FADEC SW changes • Federated Communications architecture • Hail & bird strike resistance • Lightning protection • Fuel Vapor and Fire Sensing • Fire containment, resistive materials DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: Approved for public release; Distribution is unlimited. 2013-689 August 2013

  11. MQ-4C Triton UASAir Vehicle Configuration Rolls-Royce AE3007H • 23+ Million hrs • 8,500 lb Thrust (SL) • Advanced Mission Management System (AMMS) • Onboard Server • Data Correlation • Payload & Bandwidth Control Automatic Identification System (AIS) Graphite Empennage Graphite Wing • AN/ZLQ-1 ESM • 360° FOR 9” CDL Dish Antenna(Port and Starboard) WB Satcom Metallic Fuselage De-icing Hail and Bird Strike Resistance Due Regard Radar • Safe Separation MQ-4C Triton UAS Specs External Provisions Space, Weight & Power • AN/ZPY-3 Multi-Function Active Sensor (MFAS) Maritime Radar • 360° X-Band 2D AESA Radar • Maritime and Air/Ground Modes AN/DAS-3 EO/IR • 360° Field of Regard • Auto-Target Tracking • Hi Res EO/IR at Multiple FOVs • Multi-Mode Color Video 11 11 11 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: Approved for public release; Distribution is unlimited. 11-1628, 30 November 2011.

  12. Sensors: Multi-Function Active Sensor (MFAS) Risk Reduction • 27 surrogate flight tests completed on Gulfstream II • Focused on mode maturation and radar stability • Demonstrated modes: Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR), limited Maritime Surface Surveillance (MSS), and Inverse Synthetic Aperture Radar (ISAR) • Demonstrated stable navigation solution • Work ahead includes mode transition maturity DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: Approved for public release; Distribution is unlimited. 2013-689 August 2013

  13. Maritime Surface Surveillance 360-Degree Scan • Provides persistent broad area surveillance of maritime and littoral environments • Provides 360-deg azimuth coverage and variable size sector scan • Range is covered using a 2-bar scan approach forimproved performance in near and far range • Provides the following outputs to AMMS • A STANAG-4607 compliant target report • A clutter map • Radar “hits” are sent to the BAMS tracker for scan-to-scan correlation and tracking 13 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: Approved for public release; Distribution is unlimited. 11-1189, 12 August 2011; NGAS 11-0875

  14. Image While Scan (IWS) Container DDG Tanker • Image While Scan provides a capability to interleave very short duration ISAR functions (ISAR snapshot and High Range Resolution (HRR)) during MSS scans • Optimizes radar timeline • Provides initial range profile/snapshot to help operator prioritize ISAR classification of targets and re-establish tracks DDG Container Tanker 14 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: Approved for public release; Distribution is unlimited. 11-1189, 12 August 2011; NGAS 11-0875

  15. MFAS ISAR • Supports the classification of objects in the maritime environment (fine image resolution) • Provides the following outputs • A STANAG-4607 compliant target report • NITF 2.1 compliant images • Images are taken at selectable rates and resolutions • Still images can be viewed as frames in a video to show target motion • Range performance Cargo Bulk Cargo LPD DDG 15 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: Approved for public release; Distribution is unlimited. 11-1189, 12 August 2011; NGAS 11-0875

  16. Strip Synthetic Aperture Radar (Strip-SAR) Mode • Provides images of the ground and stationary targets • Strip SAR continuously images the ground along a fixed line. As the platform moves, a linear set of contiguous images is created • Provides the following outputs • A NITF 2.1 compliant image • Selectable size and resolution 16 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: Approved for public release; Distribution is unlimited. 11-1189, 12 August 2011; NGAS 11-0875

  17. Spot Synthetic Aperture Radar (Spot-SAR) Mode • Provides images of the ground and stationary targets • Spot SAR covers a ground patch in a single beam • Provides the following outputs • A NITF 2.1 compliant image • Selectable size and resolution 17 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: Approved for public release; Distribution is unlimited. 11-1189, 12 August 2011; NGAS 11-0875

  18. Force Structure Five orbits each consisting of a MOB and a FOB Main Operating Base (MOB): mission control Forward Operating Base (FOB): launch and recovery Four Unmanned Aircraft Organized into two squadrons (VUP-19 and VUP-11) Mission control at CONUS MOBs, Aircraft maintained and launched at FOBs DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: Approved for public release; Distribution is unlimited. 11-1190, 15 August 2011.

  19. Regional ISR Cooperation MQ-4C provides 24/7 Coverage Operations from Five Main Operating Bases MQ-4C Fleet would network with fully interoperable USAF and USN UAVs to deliver a combined ISR fleet DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. 11-212, 17 February 2011. AS-DSEA-13-00257

  20. MCS Design *Provisions will be made for 3rd Instructor Operator Station. DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited, 10-1387, 2 Nov 2010.

  21. 6 Operator Stations 4 main operator stations: Pilot, Mission CDR, 2 Sensor Operators 2 transit pilot stations (manned only during multiple aircraft OPS) Interface with MPRF Tactical Operations Center Fully Integrated Mission Systems Trainer (MST) Main Operating Base (MOB)Mission Control System (MCS) Design DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. 09-508, 30 April 2009

  22. Future Capabilities 360° Maritime Sensors (Radar / ESM / EO-IR / AIS) Persistent ISR: 24/7 365 Mission Radius: 2000NM Robust Communications Relay Airborne / Battlegroup Networking Level of Interoperability (LOI) 4 Afloat JALN Maritime Domain Solution Robust Signals Intelligence Capability Room for Growth in Current Sensors Moving Target Indicator / Weather Mode / IFF Interrogation Laser Designation / Range Finding in EO/IR DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: Approved for public release; Distribution is unlimited. 2013-689 August 2013

  23. Australia FMS Planning Case • Foreign Military Sales (FMS) planning case • Assess Triton’s capabilities as a high-altitude, long-endurance UAS for Australia’s maritime patrol and other surveillance requirements • Australian DoD signed the FMS Letter of Agreement on Aug. 1, 2013 • Initial meetings to share technical and cost data to help inform decisions • Data valuable to determine manpower, maintenance, basing and operational costs DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: Approved for public release; Distribution is unlimited. 2013-689 August 2013

  24. Triton Hangar at NAS Patuxent River • Hangar for Test Activities • SDD and DTA aircraft will move to NAS Patuxent River next year • Research, development, test and evaluation facility • 71,000 square feet • Large enough to hold three Triton aircraft • Completed March 2013 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: Approved for public release; Distribution is unlimited. 2013-689 August 2013

  25. NAS Jacksonville Training Center • Triton squadron pre-establishment unit (VUP-19) to stand-up at NAS Jacksonville • Training facility broke ground on June 2012 with scheduled completion in 2014 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: Approved for public release; Distribution is unlimited. 2013-689 August 2013

  26. Operational Mission Control • Facility at NAS Jacksonville • P-655, Constructs two Triton MCS and Tactical Operations Center • Design complete, Contract award May 2013 • Completes Nov 2014 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: Approved for public release; Distribution is unlimited. 2013-689 August 2013

  27. SDD-1 Rolled Out • Distribution Statement A: Approved for Public Release distro unlimited NGAS 12-0581/NAVAIR 2012-771, 12 June 2012

  28. Summary • Triton is an adjunct to the P-8A and together will recapitalize MPRF mission capabilities • Triton provides the fleet with a persistent maritime ISR capability • Using 360° coverage and advanced sensors, Triton will deliver unprecedented maritime domain awareness • Triton team focused on successful test execution and delivery of capability to the fleet DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A: Approved for public release; Distribution is unlimited. 2013-689 August 2013

  29. 6231-09 DISTRIBUTION STATEMENT A. Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. 10-350, 18 March 2010.