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The London Low Emission Zone. Nick Fairholme Head of London LEZ Transport for London. Outline of Presentation. Background Air quality in London LEZ proposals and consultation Projected impacts Key next steps and further information. Air Quality in London.

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The London Low Emission Zone


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    1. The London Low Emission Zone Nick FairholmeHead of London LEZTransport for London

    2. Outline of Presentation • Background • Air quality in London • LEZ proposals and consultation • Projected impacts • Key next steps andfurther information

    3. Air Quality in London • Air pollution is a serious problem in London - 1,000 premature deaths per year - 1,000 hospital admissions per year • Affects most vulnerable parts of society • Majority of Londoners concerned about poor air quality and want to see it improved • Particular problems with emissions of particulate matter (PM10) and nitrogen oxides (NOx) • Worse in central London, main roads, Heathrow • Road traffic major source of emissions

    4. Projected NO2 concentrations in 2008

    5. LEZ Scheme Order proposals as consulted upon (Nov ‘06 – Feb ‘07) • Objectives: - reduce vehicle emissions - improve human health • Scheme to cover whole of Greater London, operating all day, every day • ‘Charging scheme’ as opposed to a ‘ban’ • Targeting PM, potentially extended to NOx • Diesel engine trucks, buses & coaches from early 2008 • Diesel engine heavier vans and minibuses from 2010

    6. LEZ Scheme Order proposals as consulted upon (Nov ‘06 – Feb ‘07) • A standard of Euro III for PM from 2008 • A standard of Euro IV for PM from 2012 • Non-compliant vehicles to pay substantial daily charge: £100 – £200 • Enforced by fixed and mobile cameras • Non-payers to receive daily penalty charge: £500 – £1000

    7. LEZ Scheme Order consultation – Summary of responses • 1900 public, 5550 business, 100 stakeholder responses • Majority of public and stakeholder respondents (70%) supported LEZ • Business respondents more divided with 47% supporting and 45% opposing • Attitudinal survey provided broadly similar results • Key issues emerging:- principle of LEZ- business sector / micro-economic impacts- discounts and exemptions

    8. Mayoral Decision on Scheme Order – May 2007 • Made explicit that motor caravans, ambulances and heavier hearses included within scope of LEZ • Exemption for historic vehicles, those manufactured before 1973, extended to include those used for ‘commercial’ purposes • A 100% discount for showman’s specialist vehicles, with equipment permanently fitted as part of the ride of the show • A modification to make clear the circumstances in which a vehicle not manufactured to the relevant Euro standard for all four regulated pollutants may drive in the LEZ without charge (e.g. where they have received a Reduced Pollution Certificate) • Some small changes to the boundary of the scheme to allow for diversion routes and to address local concerns • The inclusion of the M1, M4 and M4 Heathrow Spur, which the Secretary of State for Transport approved.

    9. What would the LEZ achieve? • Reductions in tonnage of PM10 and NOx emitted • Reductions in areas of London exceeding UK air quality objectives / EU limit values • Range of health benefits:- gains in life expectancy- reductions in premature deaths- reductions in hospital admissions- reductions in respiratory problems • Other non-health benefits, including reductions in buildings damage and small noise reductions

    10. Projected Air Quality Impacts • 2008 proposals (trucks, buses & coaches Euro III for PM) would reduce area of London exceeding:- annual mean PM10 objective by some 5.8%- dailymean PM10 objective by some 7.4%- annual mean NO2 objective by some 3.7% • 2012 proposals (trucks, buses & coaches Euro IV for PM & heavier vans & minibuses at Euro III) would reduce area of London exceeding:- annual mean PM10 objective by some 16.2% - 24 hourmean PM10 objective by some 14.7%- annual mean NO2 objective by some 15.6%

    11. Projected PM10 reductions in 2012

    12. Projected NO2 reductions in 2012

    13. Monetised Health Benefits 2008 - 2015 • Estimated health benefits - using Defra methodology:- some £80 - £120 million inside London- some £80 - £120 million outside London • Estimated health benefits - using EU methodology: - some £150 - £390 million inside London - some £90 - £250 million outside London

    14. Key Next Steps • June ’07 LEZ enquiries service and operator information campaign • July ’07 DVLA mail out to operators and LEZ registrations • Aug ’07 VOSA commence LEC / RPC tests to support LEZ • Oct ’07 LEZ payments commence and keepers of non-compliant vehicles observed in LEZ mailed • Feb ’08 Scheme starts for trucks >12 t (Euro III) • July ’08 Scheme starts for trucks <12 t, buses & coaches (Euro III) • Oct 2010 Scheme starts for heavier vans & minibuses • Jan 2012 Standards tightened for trucks, buses & coaches (Euro IV)

    15. Further Information Phone: 0845 607 0009 Email: lezlondon@tfl.gov.ukWeb: www.tfl.gov.uk/lezlondon