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Properties of Water Vocab 3 (12 words) . Adhesion – the tendency of water to stick to other substances Buoyancy – the ability of a fluid to exert an upward force on an object that is immersed in the fluid Cohesion – the attractive force between water molecules

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properties of water vocab 3 12 words
Properties of Water Vocab 3(12 words)

Adhesion – the tendency of water to stick to other substances

Buoyancy – the ability of a fluid to exert an upward force on an object that is immersed in the fluid

Cohesion – the attractive force between water molecules

Density – the measure of mass of a substance per unit volume

Polarity – uneven distribution of charges across a molecule

Specific Heat – the amount of heat needed to raise the temperature of one gram of a substance by one degree Celsius

properties of water vocab 3 continued
Properties of Water Vocab 3Continued

Surface Tension – the force that acts on the particles at the surface of a material

Universal Solvent – the quality of water that makes it able to dissolve more substances that any other solvent can

Absorbency – the ability to take in a material

Capillary Action – the process that moves water through a narrow porous material due to the forces of adhesion, cohesion, and surface tension. Against Gravity

Insoluble – not soluble

Soluble – having the ability to be dissolved in another substance

water cycle vocab 10
Water Cycle Vocab 10

Condensation – the process of warm air cooling as it rises and releasing moisture in the form of a liquid

Evaporation – the process by which a liquid is changed into a vapor

Groundwater – water located below Earth’s surface

Hydrosphere – the portion of the Earth that contains water

Precipitation – the rain, snow, sleet or hail that falls from clouds onto the Earth’s land and oceans

Surface Water – water found on the surface of the Earth

Transpiration – water vapor given off by plant photosynthesis

Water Cycle – the continuous movement of water from the ocean to the atmosphere to the land and back to the ocean

river basin vocab 13
River Basin Vocab 13

Tributaries: streams and smaller rivers that feed into a main/large river

Watershed: an area of land that drains water to the lowest point—a river, stream, lake, or ocean. Several Watersheds make up a River Basin

River Basin: an area of land that drains water into a large river

wetlands and estuaries vocab 19
Wetlands and Estuaries Vocab 19

Wetland An area where the water table is at, near or above the land surface long enough during the year to support adapted plant growth

Estuary is a body of water, partially enclosed by land, where fresh water from a river mixes with salt water from the ocean.

Brackish -means partly fresh and partly salty.

Marine- lives in the ocean

Aquatic – lives in the water

Other words of importance:



Salt Marsh

Mangrove Forest






ocean vocab pg20 22
Ocean Vocab pg20-22








Hydrothermal Vents

Open Ocean Zone

Neritic Zone

Intertidal Zone

Sunlight or Photic Zone




Submersibles (ALVIN)

water filtration vocabulary
Water Filtration Vocabulary
  • Runoff – is precipitation that flows over land into streams and rivers. This water later enters oceans.
  • Filtration – process of passing water through a series of screens that allow water through but not large particles
  • Aeration – The water is mixed to liberate dissolved gases and to suspended particles in water column.
  • Coagulation – The process by which particles in a liquid clump together
  • Sedimentation – The water left undisturbed to allow the heavy clumps of particles and coagulants to settle out
  • Disinfection – The water is treated to destroy any remaining disease causing pathogens
groundwater notes 25
Groundwater Notes 25

Groundwater – water that soaks in the ground & collects in rocky pores (pores – space between rocks)

Permeable – allows water to flow easily through (ex: sandstone)

Impermeable – Doesn’t allow water to move through b/c of small, few or no pores (ex: clay)

Aquifer – layer of permeable rock that lets water move freely

water filtration vocab 28
Water Filtration Vocab 28

Turbidity: measure of the degree to which water looses its transparency due to the presence of suspended particulates

pH: the acidity of the water (presence of hydrogen ion)

07 is acidic 7 is neutral 714 is basic

Dissolved Oxygen: the oxygen dissolved in the water

Temperature: measure of average kinetic energy

Nitrates: compound that contains the nitrogen based polyatomic

Bio-indicators: macroinvertibrates found living in water (they tend to remain in one place) that are sensitive to pollution ion NO3