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( http://www.cerebromente.org.br/n07/doencas/withoutconscience.jpg ) . Antisocial Personality Disorder. Antisocial Personality Disorder: Also referred to as sociopathy or psychopathy Individuals exhibit antisocial behaviour Antisocial Behaviour:

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Antisocial Personality Disorder:
  • Also referred to as sociopathy or psychopathy
  • Individuals exhibit antisocial behaviour

Antisocial Behaviour:

  • Verbally or physically harmful to others, animals and/or property
  • Seriously violates social expectations or norms
  • Two components:
    • Presence of antisocial behaviour
    • Absence of prosocial behaviour
  • Natural for children to exhibit some antisocial behaviour during development
  • High levels of antisocial behaviour considered a clinical condition
  • Antisocial personality disorder is only diagnosed in adults, but bears resemblance to conduct disorder
  • Approximately 4% of the population suffers from antisocial personality disorder
    • 3% men
    • 1% women
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(http://gswt01.tripod.com/Images3/tantrum3.gif)

Oppositional-Defiant Disorder:

  • Sufferers: Young children hostile towards authority
  • Can lead to conduct disorder

Conduct Disorder:

  • Sufferers: Older children who lie, steal and behave violently.
  • A small number of these children who do not improve with maturation develop antisocial personality disorder
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A child may behave antisocially for a period of time when a stressor occurs, but this is not considered a clinical condition

Stressor: traumatic event in one’s life such as the death of a parent

RIP

  • Neurological disorders, low IQ, low socioeconomic status and having a parent who suffers from the disorder or substance abuse increases the likelihood of developing antisocial personality disorder

Causes:

  • Family problems: unstable marriage, harsh/inconsistent discipline child abuse (physical or sexual), frequent changes in residence or primary caregiver, learning disabilities etc.

Sources (pics, left to right):

(http://www1.istockphoto.com/file_thumbview_approve/1639286/1/istockphoto_1639286_fun_cartoon_house.jpg)

(http://www.cs.princeton.edu/gfx/proj/sugcon/models/brain.png)

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(http://www.truthinjustice.org/handcuffs.gif)

  • Deceitful and manipulative towards others, often to get something (ex. money, drugs)
  • Impulsive, long list of past residences and employments
  • Irritable, aggressive and engages in physical violence
  • A reckless disregard for the safety of themselves and others
  • Consistently irresponsible, inability to hold down or find a job, fails to do such things as pay bills
  • No conscience
  • Shows few feelings beyond contempt for others

Symptoms:

  • Non conformity to social norms
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Treatments and Therapies:

Children and Adolescents:

  • Possible if intervention is soon enough, though difficult
  • Primary treatment: therapy
    • Goal: to develop positive behaviour to replace negative ones
    • Systematic, designed to improve communication within a group, often the family or a group of similar children
    • Methods include: modeling, role-playing, corrective feedback and reinforcement systems
    • Success is largely dependent on the cognitive capacity and emotional development of the individual
  • Most severe cases  medication used to control behaviour

Adults:

  • Extremely difficult to treat
  • Often a chronic condition
  • Some medications aid in controlling behaviour
  • However, non compliance and abuse prevent widespread use