Development and Promotion of the Faculty Teams in the Schools / Departments of Computer Scienceof the Universities in China Professor Xu Xiaofei School of Computer Science and Technology Harbin Institute of Technology Harbin 150001, China US-China Computer Science Leadership Summit May 23,2006, Beijing,China
Development and Promotion of the Faculty Teams in the Schools/Departments of Computer Science of the Universities in China • Introduction of HIT-SCST • Roles of the Faculty Members in the Universities • Development Phases of the Faculty Members in the Universities in China • Current Status and Challenge of the Faculty Members in the Schools/Developments of Computer Science (SCS) of the Universities in China • Approach to Develop and to Promote the Faculty Teams in the SCS of the Universities in China • About the Development of the Faculty Teams in the Software Schools of the Universities in China • Conclusion
Harbin Weihai Shenzhen Harbin Institute of Technology • Schools 17 • Full Time Faculty (Teachers) 2,957 • Academicians (CAS/CAE) 19 • Doctorial Supervisors 594 • Professors 737 • Associate Professors 1,115 • Full Time Students 37,254 • Doctoral Students 3,494 • Master Students 9,216 • Undergraduate Students 24,544
Fault-Tolerant Computing Parallel Computing Knowledge Engineering Software Engineering Operating Systems Image Processing Information Retrieval Intelligent Control Information Syncretizing Research Divisions School of Computer Science and Technology Harbin Institute of Technology School of Computer Science and Technology • Faculty Members: 149 • Doctoral Supervisors: 29+7 • Professors: 39 • Associate Professors: 56 • Students: 1842 • Doctoral Students: 310 • Master Students: 478 • Under-Graduate Students: 1054 Dept. of Computer Science And Engineering Dept. of Computer Fundamental Teaching and Res. Division of Computer Hardware Fundamental Teaching and Res. Division of Computer Language Fundamental Teaching and Res. Division of Computer Software Fundamental Research Center of Pattern Recognition and Inf. Processing Research Center of Astronavigation Computing National Computer Information Content Security Key Laboratory Research Center of Intelligent Computing for Enterprises Research Center of Intelligent Robot Technology Lab. Of Computer Hardware Research Center of Intelligent Interface of Human-Computers Research Institute of Computer Science and Technology National Key Laboratory of Computer Interface Technology Development Center of New Technology of Computers Research Center of Databases Research Center of Security of Computer Systems Research Center of Wearable Computing Lab. Of Computer Software Research Center of Bio-Informatics Technology Research Center of Language Technology
The Roles of the Faculty Membersin the Key Universities • Discipline Development • Research and Development • Teaching and Supervising Students • Technique Transfer • Academic Exchange and Communication • Universities/Schools Administration
The Development Phases of the Faculty in the SCS of the Key Universities in China • Early P. R. C. Time (1950s-60s): There were first generation of faculty members with study experience in USA, UDSSR and Europe. • Cultural Revolution Time (1960s-70s): With the unusual time of education, the faculty members had less research experience. • Early Opening Time (1980s): The new faculty members with doctor or master degree were recruited; And large number of faculty members had been dispatched to USA, Europe and Japan for learning new technology. • IT Bubble Time (1990s): It was difficult for universities to get the good quality faculty members, because most of good students came to IT companies with high salary. • New Century Time (2000s): With the improvement of the treatment in universities, new generation faculty members with good quality, doctor degree and international study experience are recruited.
Current Status and Challenge of the Faculty Teams in the Schools/Developments of Computer Science of the Key Universities in China • Current Status of the Faculty Teams in SCS • Large sized and team-organized faculty members • Incrementally improved quality of faculty teams • More and more young professors and faculty members • Increased proportion of the Ph.D. in faculty teams • Increased proportion of the staff with international experience in faculty teams • Big pressure of R&D and teaching • Altiplano without high pinnacle • Two-end effect – • High quality staff vs. low quality staff • Hard worked staff vs. easy worked staff
Current Status and Challenge of the Faculty Members in the Schools/Developments of Computer Science of the Universities in China • Problems and Challenge of the Faculty Teams in SCS • Difficulty in attracting and recruiting the high-quality faculty members • Difficult to wash out the low-quality faculty members • Lack of outstanding academic leaders (high pinnacle) • Lack of innovation and fundamental research work • Multi-dimensions metrics and constraints on faculty members • Overloading of the leading professors and 20-80 effect • Too much time spent for getting than doing R&D projects • Less time for researching the methods of teaching • Lack of communication with world class leading universities and professors
Approach to Develop and to Promote the Faculty Teams in the SCS of the Universities in China • To attract and to recruit the high-quality faculty members • To improve work condition and life treatment in the universities for attracting the best Ph.D. students • To recruit more fresh doctors, post-doctors or Chinese staff from the international leading universities • To promote the quality of the faculty members • To promote the degree of staff members • To dispatch staff members to the international leading universities/institutions • To create platforms or channels for faculty members to increase their impact
Approach to Develop and to Promote the Faculty Teams in the SCS of the Universities in China • To let faculty members focus on research and teaching • To provide more time and more chance for faculty members to do research and teaching work • To make increased requirement for faculty members • Regular and increased evaluation or review on research and teaching work of faculty members • To keep the work pressure on faculty members • To invite famous professor to be part time / visiting professorship • In order to strengthen the faculty teams, the famous professors from or out of China are invited as part time / visiting professorship and to supervise the graduate students
Approach to Develop and to Promote the Faculty Teams in the SCST of HIT • High treatment and strict recruitment • The work condition and life treatment are obviously improved for attracting the best doctors in and out of China in recent years • The professoriate is responsible for recruiting new staff and promoting faculty members • More freedom and promotion chance • The staff have more choice for their research interests and teaching work • The young staff have more and more chance to promote their degree or research/teaching experience in HIT and abroad • Team organization and cooperation • Most of faculty members are well organized in the teams of the research centers in the school • The faculty members collaborated each other for integrated projects and seminars
Approach to Develop and to Promote the Faculty Teams in the SCST of HIT • Regular evaluation and high pressure • The increased requirement and the regular evaluation makes the big pressure on faculty members • Gradually washing out the low-quality faculty members • In HIT-SCST, ‘four one’ for professor is required: each professor has one international journal paper per year, one NSF project in hand, at least one international partner, and one office. • International collaboration • The famous professors from or out of China are invited as part-time or guest professorship • The international R&D projects and joint laboratories are emphasized
About the Development of the Faculty Teams in the Software Schools of the Universities in China • The Task of the National Pilot Schools of Software • Industry-oriented education for software professionals • International collaborative education for enhancing the competency of students • The features of the faculty members in the software schools • Industrial experience and international experience • Practice oriented teaching and learning • Industrial guest lecturers/supervisors • To invite the IT industrial people as guest lecturers/supervisors • International part-time / visiting lecturers/professors • To invite industrialists and professors from USA, Europe and other countries, as part-time or visiting lecturers/professors
Conclusion • The faculty members play the most important role in the universities. • In recent years, the quality of faculty members in the schools / departments of computer science of the universities in China has been much improved. • There are still big challenge of development of faculty members in the key universities in China ---- Altiplano without high pinnacle. • In order to develop and to promote the faculty teams in the SCS of the universities in China, the recruitment of high-quality faculty members and increased requirement are necessary. • The international collaboration and the collaboration with IT industry are very important to enhance the competency of the faculty members in the schools / departments of computer science of the key universities in China.
US-China Computer Science Leadership Summit May 23,2006, Beijing, China Development and Promotion of the Faculty Teamsin the Schools / Departments of Computer Science of the Universities in China Tank You! Professor Xu Xiaofei School of Computer Science and Technology Harbin Institute of Technology Harbin 150001, China