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Go Figure!. Figurative Language. Recognizing Literal Language. “I’ve eaten so much I feel as if I could literally burst!”

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go figure

Go Figure!

Figurative Language

recognizing literal language
Recognizing Literal Language

“I’ve eaten so much I feel as if I could literally burst!”

  • In this case, the person is not using the word literally in its true meaning. Literal means "exact" or "not exaggerated." By pretending that the statement is not exaggerated, the person stresses how much he has eaten.

Literal language is language that means exactly what is said.

Most of the time, we use

literal language.

recognizing figurative language
Recognizing Figurative Language

Figurative language is writing or speech that is not meant to be taken literally. Figurative language means more than what it says on the surface.

  • It usually gives us a feeling about its subject.
  • When you read poetry, you must be conscious of the difference between literal language and figurative language. Otherwise, a poem may make no sense at all.

Printed Quiz

Online Quiz

types of figurative language
Types of Figurative Language
  • Imagery
  • Simile
  • Metaphor
  • Alliteration
  • Personification
  • Onomatopoeia
  • Hyperbole
  • Idioms


  • A figure of speech which involves comparing two unlike things using the words “like” or “as.”

The muscles on his brawny arm are strong as iron bands.



Online quiz: http://www.worsleyschool.net/socialarts/simile/page.html

  • Comparing two unlike things not using the words “like” or “as.” Usually uses a form of the word “is” or “to be.”

The road was a ribbon wrapped through the desert.


similes and metaphors
Similes AND Metaphors
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G1c6zF9aJxs&feature=related
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jHBWZDVMVqA&feature=related
  • http://www.brainpop.com/english/writing/similesandmetaphors/
  • http://www.worsleyschool.net/socialarts/simile/page.html (simile online quiz)
  • Idioms are phrases or expressions that have hidden meanings. The expressions do not mean exactly what the words say.

Mr. Smith bends over backwards

to help students feel comfortable.



similes metaphors and idioms
Similes, Metaphors, and Idioms
  • The Search for Similes, Metaphors, and Idioms(PPT)
  • The repetition of consonant sounds in the beginning of words.

She was wide-eyed and wondering while she waited for Walter to waken.




  • An exaggeration or overstatement used for comic effect or to increase emotion. It is not used to mislead the reader, but to emphasize a point.

She’s said so on several million occasions.

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EAt36-EqHIE&feature=related
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=BjJbuwwlknk&feature=related
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oETP_wjDVcI&feature=related
  • A figure of speech giving human qualities to something that is not human.

“The wind yells while blowing."

    • The wind cannot yell.
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=e3mdmDTYc5Q&feature=related
  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PoKGRtruDSc
  • http://vimeo.com/12695428
personification examples
Personification Examples
  • The first rays of morning tiptoes through the meadow.
  • The tornado ran through the streets of the town.
  • She did not realize that opportunity was knocking at her door.
  • The sun winked at me through the clouds.
  • I could hear Hawaii calling my name.
  • The trees whispered softly.
  • The use of words that imitate sounds.

The firecracker made a loud ka-boom!




  • The use of symbols to stand for or represent something else.
  • The use of descriptive words that will help create pictures or images in the reader’s mind. It appeals to your five sense:
  • • Sight
  • • Hearing
  • • Touch
  • • Taste
  • • Smell
imagery examples
Imagery Examples
  • It was as cold as an ice cube.
  • The word spread like leaves in a storm.
  • Our parched throats longed for something cool--a strawberry ice, a tall frosted glass of lemonade
  • The lake was left shivering by the touch of morning wind.
  • I wandered lonely as a cloud.

Video showing Examples

    • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JUgR1AR-amQ&feature=related
  • Practice Using Mmusic
    • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eF0gyQ6V74Q&feature=related
    • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tv9vwiBfAm8&feature=related
figurative language resources
Figurative Language Resources
  • Eye on Idioms (Online PPT)
  • Paint by Idioms(Game)
  • Alliteration or Simile?(Quiz)
  • Similes and Metaphors(PPT)
  • Idioms (PPT)