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Greek Mythology. 授課教師 : 王月秋 澎湖科技大學副教授. Part Three: The Great Heroes before the Trojan War (Perseus). 1. Perseus was the son of Zeus and Danae, the daughter of King Acrisius of Argos.

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Greek Mythology

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greek mythology

Greek Mythology

授課教師: 王月秋


part three the great heroes before the trojan war perseus
Part Three: The Great Heroes before the Trojan War (Perseus)
  • 1. Perseus was the son of Zeus and Danae, the daughter of King Acrisius of Argos.
  • 2. A fisherman called Dictys and his wife had no children and they cared for Danae and Perseus as if they were their own. Danae attracted his brother’s (Polydectes) attention. He announced that he was about to be married and he called his friends together for a celebration, including Perseus in the invitation.
Perseus would go off and kill Medusa and bring back her head as his gift. Medusa was one of the Gorgons, for the reason that whoever looked at them was turned instantly into stone.
  • Perseus was under the protection of Hermes and Athena attacked the Gorgons.
  • Perseus had Hermes with him, so that the road lay open to him, and he reached that host of happy people who are always banqueting and holding joyful revelry.
With winged sandals, a magic wallet, and a

cap And Athena’ shield and Hermes’s sword

Perseus was ready for the Gorgons.

If Perseus felt any grief, at least he knew that his grandfather had done his best to kill him and his mother. With his grandfather’s death their troubles came to an end. Perseus and Andromeda lived happily ever after.

  • The great Athenian hero was Theseus. He had so many adventures and took part in so many great enterprises that there grew up a saying in Athens, “Nothing without Theseus.”
  • The child was a boy and he grew up strong far beyond others, so that when his mother finally took him to the stone he lifted it with no trouble at all.
Hercules, who was the most magnificent of all the heroes of Greece, was always in his mind.
  • Theseus set forth to go to Athens by land. The journey was long and very hazardous because of the bandits that beset the road. He killed them all.
  • Theseus became King of Athens, a most wise and disinterested king. He declared to the people that he did not wish to rule over them.
He wanted a people’s government where all would be equal. He resigned his royal power and organized a commonwealth, building a council hall where the citizens should gather and vote. Thus Athens became, of all earth’s cities, the happiest and most prosperous, the only true home of liberty, the only place in the world where the people governed themselves.
When Hercules came to the underworld he lifted Theseus from the Chair of Forgetfulness and brought him back to earth.
  • In the later years of his life, Theseus married Ariadne’s sister Phaedra, and thereby drew down terrible misfortunes on her and on himself and on his son Hippolytus, the son the Amazon had borne him. He had sent Hippolytus away while still a young child to be brought up in the southern city.
Hippolytus scorned Aphrodite, he worshiped only Artemis, the huntress chaste and fair. Phaedra fell in love with Hippolytus, his stepson, madly and miserably.
  • Hippolytus went, but not into exile; death was waiting close at hand for him too.
  • The greatest hero of Greece was Hercules. He was what all Greece except Athens most admired.
  • Theseus was bravest of the brave as all heroes are, but unlike other heroes he was as compassionate as he was brave and a man of great intellect as well as great bodily strength.
Hercules was the strongest man on earth and he had the supreme self-confidence magnificent physical strength gives.
  • Throughout his life Hercules had this perfect confidence that no matter who was against him he could never be defeated, and facts bore him out.
His exploit was to fight and conquer the Minyans, who had been exacting a burdensome tribute from the Thebans. The grateful citizens gave him as a reward the hand of the Princess Megara. He was devoted to her and to their children and yet this marriage brought upon him the greatest sorrow of his life as well as trials and dangers such as no one ever went through, before or after.
When Megara had borne him three sons he went mad. He killed his children and Megara, too, as she tried to protect the youngest. Then his sanity returned. He found himself in his blood stained hall, the dead bodies of his sons and his wife beside him. He had no idea what had happed, how they had been killed.
He needed to be purified and only a terrible penance could do that. At Delphi where he went to consult the oracle, the priestess bade him go to his cousin eurystheus, King of Mycenae.
  • The tasks Eurystheus gave him to do are called the “the Labor of Hercules.” There were twelve of them and each one was all but impossible.
Laomedon promised, but when Hercules had slain the monster the King refused to pay. Hercules captured the city, killed the King, and gave the maiden to his friend, Telamon of Salamis, who had helped him. On his way to Atlas to ask him about the Golden Apples, Hercules came to the Caucasus, where he freed Prometheus, slaying the eagle that preyed on him.
  • If there were two Atalantas it is certainly remarkable that both wanted to sail on the Argo, both took part in the Calydonian boar hunt, both married a man who beat them in a foot race, and both were ultimately changed into lionesses.
  • Technically speaking, it was he who killed the boar, but the honors of the hunt went to Atalanta and Meleager insisted that they shold give her the skin.