Organic Farming + Doubling Of Farmers’ Income By Sharad Marathe
Agricultural Problem • Farmer distress • Low income – not enough to support the family • No market access • Small farm size (83% less than 2 acres)- getting smaller through divisions • No Economies of scale • Low productivity • Lot of land is wasted in demarcation, odd shapes and sizes • Irrigation system - non-scientific • Dis-organized farming with no scientific approach
Agricultural Problem (Continued) • Employment opportunities • Not growing • Not keeping up with the rising aspirations of the youth • Depleting soil health – due to use of fertilizers and pesticides • Government resources not enough to address the problem • Incentives from government focus on increasing production and not on increasing net income • Interventions typically focus on aggregating farmers, giving inputs to them and in some cases giving support to reach market
Organic Farming Problems • Certification time (3 years) and cost • What happens until you are certified? • Typically lower productivity compared to chemical based farming • Thus higher cost of production • Higher prices mean lower volume • Hence the conventional thinking is this is a niche market with limited growth potential and only for the rich • But reality is the opposite!
Top Ten Organic Producers (2015) • 2.4 million organic producers globally • 35% of World’s Organic Producers are in Asia • INDIA is country with the Most Organic Producers
Organic Production in India • India produced around 1.35 million MT of certified organic products in the year 2015-16 which includes: • All varieties of food products namely Sugarcane, Oil Seeds, Cereals & Millets, Cotton, Pulses, Medicinal Plants, Tea, Fruits, Spices, Dry Fruits, Vegetables, Coffee etc. • Production is not limited to the edible sector but also includes organic cotton fiber, functional food products etc.
Area Under Organic Farming • Currently, 1% of the world’s agricultural land is organic • 64% increase in organic agricultural land in India in 2015 from 2014 ie an addition of 0.5 million hectares • Total area under organic certification is 5.71million Hectare (2015-16) which includes: • 26% cultivable area with 1.49 million Hectare • Rest 74% (4.22 million Hectare) forest and wild area for collection of minor forest produces • Madhya Pradesh has covered largest area under organic certification followed by Himachal Pradesh and Rajasthan
Exports of Organic Food Products • Exports in 2015-16 – 2.6 Lakh MT • Organic food export revenue $300 US Million • Organic products are exported to European Union, US, Canada, Switzerland, Korea, Australia, New Zealand, South East Asian countries, Middle East, South Africa etc.
Organic Farming New Approach • Increasing productivity through use of new business models • Reducing input cost for fertilizers and pest control supplies • Build global brand for produce and products • Major opportunities • Organic wine for exports and domestic consumption • Ayurvedic formulations for treating major illnesses like Diabetis, Arthritis, Cancer, etc. • Nutritional supplements • Coordinate with Ayush ministry
Market Driven Business Model Customers Marketing Company Processing & Packaging Company (PPC) Farm Management Company (FMC) Aggregation of Farm land by FMC
IssuesofFarmers • Increasingpestattacksonfarms Poisonous, Carcinogenic Chemical Pesticides, which are killing • farmers,alsokillingfriendly/usefulinsectslikeHoneybees,spiders,etc. • More than 25000 cancer patients suffering in village Shirol ofKolhapurDistrictalsomore.In Punjabspecialcancertreanrance • More than 25 farmers died & much more are suffering blindness &otherpartial/permanenthealthissuesinYawatmalduetoexcessuseofchemicalpesticides. • Verylowproductivityofmilking animals • Lackofknowledgeabout cattlemanagementand increasingmilk yield • High chemical use, like oxytocin injections, ruining the breed andreproductivepotential
Vision istohelp Doublefarmer’sincome • Contributeto India’sProgress throughintegratedeconomicdevelopmentoffarmers • SoilAnalysis– Water Analysisandimprovement • SeedSelection,ScientificSowingandCultivationPractices • IntegratedPestManagementwithherbalnano-technology and bio-pesticides(poisonless farming) • DomesticandInternational Marketing • Weassure minimum30- 50%increaseinproductivitywithourinterventionsina crop seasonandguaranteed 100%increasewithourinterventionsover3 continuousyears
Successstoriesof increasein yield of various crops • Inlast 3years,increasedcropyieldof4500farmers • 70%farmers couldgetmorethan50% increaseinyieldin1season • AchievedbyusingHerbal,nano-technology products(withoutdoing soiltesting&watertesting) • We areconfidentoffurther increasingthe yield,ifwe fillthedeficiency ofmicro-nutrientsin soil&improvewaterquality • InYavatmaldistrict,wehave conductedtrialsonmore than100farms& observed100% successfultest results,bothintermsofeliminatingpestsandincrease incottonyield
BVG AgriculturalTechnologyResultsnotedby morethan 4500farmersinthestate ofMaharashtra
IncreasedYieldthrough Herbal NanoTechnology AverageYield (Quintal per Acre) Increased Yield after usingBVGAgroTechnology (Quintal per Acre) 80%Growth 72 60%Growth 64 140%Growth 60 125%Growth 45 80%Growth 45 144%Growth 39 40 40 25 120%Growt2h5 22 10 108%Growth 25 83% Growth 22 20 16 12 12 140%Growth 12 140%Growth 12 5 82%Growth 8 4.4 5 10
IncreasedYieldafterusing Herbal nanoTechnology 700 100%Growth 600 600 57% Growth 550 500 400 350 300 300 73%Growth 260 73%Growth 260 200 150 150 71%Growth [VALUE] 100 70 0 Banana Onion Watermelon AverageYield (Quintal per Acre) Increased Yield after usingBVGAgroTechnology (Quintal per Acre) Strawberry Sugarcane
Commitsto Deliver… • Average50% increase infarmproductivity acrossfarms, per village, inone cropseasonand100% increasein3years. • Canconvertminimum60% oftheinfertileanimalsto fertile withinsixmonths • Minimum20% increase intheyield ofanimals thataremilking, along withincrease in SNF andfatcontent
Ideas about VillageTransformation • Select100farmers and100acresof landineachvillageforyield andquality improvement • Select100infertileanimalsfortreating fertilityissues • Select100milkgivinganimalsforDNA testingandimprovingyield andqualityofmilk
PlanofAction(Step1) • SurveyofCurrentScenarioinVillages • Farm Landperfarmer • CropsGrownandYieldHarvested • Irrigation Mechanisms • SoilTesting • Water Testing • Market Connectivity
PlanofAction(Step1contd …) • Soiltesting: 22ParameterssuchaspH,EC(Salinity),Organic Carbon,Nitrogen,Phosphorous,Potash,Sodium, Free Calcium,Iron,Magnesium, Manganese,Silicon,Zinc,Copper, Boron,Sulphur,andothers willbe checked • Watertesting: 18ParameterssuchaspH,Hardness,Salinity, Corrosiveness,Turbidity,PercentSodium, ResidualSodium Carbonate,SodiumAbsorptionRatio,Calcium,Magnesium,Potassium, Carbonates,Bi-Carbonates,Chlorides,Mg/Ca Ratio,andotherswillbe checked • Overcome deficiency basedon micro-nutrient data
Crop : Dolichus Bean(Ghevda) Before After
Crop :Soybean Before After Mr.PravinT Maule Mr.PravinTMaule
Crop :Soybean After Before Mr. NitinLandge Mr. NitinLandge
Crop : Rice Before After
Crop : Rice Before After
Crop : Rice Treated Plots
Crop :Cucumber Before After
Crop :Banana Before After
Crop:Ginger HumantyAhead Treated Mr.PandurangYadav, Kivale,Pune
Crop:Cotton Non-treated Treated Mr.Ajitlngale,Dist.Jalna
Certifications for Agro Safe and Agrow Magic • USDA Bio-Preferred Certified, OSHA 29 CFR1910 Compliant • NSF – Food Grade Approved, EPA Florida Approved
Certifications for Agro Safe and Agrow Magic ECOCERT is among world's largest organic certification organizations and a key authority on organic and sustainable agriculture. Government of Maharashtra gave permission of sale, after rigorous trials of Agro Safe and Agrow Magic over 8 months.