Internet Safety Presented by The Fargo Police Department
Who Uses the Internet? • More than 30 million children in the United States use the internet. • There are over 165 countries connected to the internet. • All of these people have access to your child.
Why is the internet so popular? • Large amount of information at fingertips. • Quick answers. • Easy access. • Social Networking. • Business applications.
Types of Social Networking Sites General (MySpace, Facebook) Cell Phones (mocospace) Blogging (livejournal, xanga) Microblogging (twitter, jaiku) small content Students (classmates.com, graduates.com) Religious (holypal, fusion101, koolanoo, naseeb) Travel (TravBuddy, WAYN) Cultural (MiGente.com, LunarStorm, Grono.net)
Social Networking • Meet new people. • Communicate with several people. (IM’s, e-mail). • Post information about yourself. • Several different sites. • Share common interests.
Safety • Several social networking sites have some safety features. • Myspace • Facebook
MySpace Safety Features • User must be 14 years old or older. • Users ages 14-15 are automatically assigned a private profile. (Only friends can view their profile). • Profiles of users 16+ can be either private or public. Law enforcement cannot access private profiles without subpoena.
MySpace Safety Features • Sentinel Safe Program -check subscriber information for registered sex offenders & blocks them from using site/will remove them automatically. • Amber Alert Program • When NCMEC is notified of an Amber Alert, Myspace notifies all users within the zip code area via the internet. (Added January 2007).
Facebook • #1 worldwide social networking site. • 700 million users worldwide • 3 Billion photos uploaded monthly. • 100 million users accessing through mobile devices. • Anyone over 13 years old can join. • Networks are based around company, region, or school.
Facebook Safety Features • Profiles can only be seen by others in the same network or those who have been confirmed as Friends. (Can be a large number of people). • Users can limit those who view their profiles by customized settings. • Can also limit so others can only view specific parts of their profile.
Facebook Safety Features • If your child is under 13, and you believe s/he has created an account: • Have child sign into account & Facebook will assist you in deleting it. • E-mail Facebook at the following • firstname.lastname@example.org • With subject line of COPPA Data Request
Second Life • 3D virtual world where users connect & can use free voice & text chat. • Have a virtual “second life”. • Make up profile (choose identity, clothes, have job, travel, IM’s, own economy, buy land). • Costs money to be a member and to purchase items. (millions of dollars in transactions each month).
Second Life • PG version for ages 13-17 years old. • Problems with predators. (Child pornography links). • Users can buy private regions. • Watch various sexual acts, torture, and suicides.
Chatroulette Chatroulette is an online chat website that pairs strangers from around the world together for webcam-based conversations. Others include ChatRandom, Omegle, Camzap, and iMeetzu.
Location Based Social Networking Foursquare is a location-based social networking website for mobile devices. Users “check-in” at various places using a mobile website. Foursquare has over 4 million users.
Location Based Social Networking Facebook’s“Places” is similar to Foursquare in that it gives an individual’s location when the users posts information using a mobile application.
Location Based Social Networking Location-based social networking allows strangers to track your movements every day. If they watch someone long enough they will know exactly when and where to find that person on any given day.
Safety Tips for Social Networking Sites Make your profile private. Only accept friend requests from people you know and trust. Don’t post cell phone number, address, IM screen name, your whereabouts, or anything that makes it easy for a stranger to find you. (photo with school logo on it). Do not share passwords.
Keep in mind Any of the safety features can be defeated. Because the sites are free any information can be entered.
Technology & Stalking 1 in 4 victims report being stalked through the use of some form of technology (such as e-mail or instant messaging). • 10% of victims report being monitored with global positioning systems (GPS), and 8% report being monitored through video or digital cameras, or listening devices. [Katrina Baum et al., “Stalking Victimization in the United States,” (Washington, DC:BJS, 2009).]
Technology & Stalking 3.4 million people over the age of 18 are stalked each year in the United States. • 3 in 4 stalking victims are stalked by someone they know. 30% of stalking victims are stalked by a current or former intimate partner. • 10% of stalking victims are stalked by a stranger. • Persons aged 18-24 years experience the highest rate of stalking.
On-line Chat Services Yahoo! AOL MSN Several others
On-line Chat Services • AOL-offers both paid services and free service. • Children’s chat rooms are monitored by AOL employees & have parent safety controls. • AIM (AOL Instant Message) – free, so users can hide their identity.
On-line Chat Services • Yahoo- free to everyone • Easier for users to hide identity. • Has safety features including an “ignore list” which allows users to filter out other users. • Can also filter out inappropriate language.
MSN On-line Services E-mail Services Authentication Service: Windows Live ID Instant Messaging: Windows Live Messenger Social Networking Services: Windows Live Spaces & MSN Groups Custom Domains: Windows Live Admin Center & Office Live Small Business Online File Storage: Office Live Workspace & Windows Live SkyDrive Gaming: Xbox Live, Playstation, Wii
On-line Gaming • Xbox • Playstation • Wii • On-line with other players • Can talk to each other, send im’s • Games often centered around violence. (Runescape, Halo, Call of Duty Black Ops).
Cell Phones • Can access internet, download images, music, send e-mail and text messages, and much more. (Like mini computer). • Always careful about placement of computer in home. • How many of you look at your child’s cell phone? • Trend of children sending nude images of themselves to friends. (Sexting).
Safety Issues with Cell Phones Same issues with social networking, on-line gaming, and chat rooms. Also have geo-tagging. Texting while driving. Sexting
Texting 39-08-23. Use of a wireless communications device prohibited. The operator of a motor vehicle that is part of traffic may not use a wireless communications device to compose, read, or send an electronic message.
Texting by a minor • 39-08-24. Use of electronic communication device by minor prohibited. • An individual at least 16 and under 18 years of age who has been issued a class D license may not operate an electronic communication device to talk, compose, read, or send an electronic message while operating a motor vehicle that is in motion, except to obtain emergency assistance.
Sexting “Sexting” refers to the sending of a photograph or other visual image, depicting a person in the partial or total state of nudity, via text message, from one cell phone to another. Once the initial image is sent, it can be disseminated rapidly to countless others.
What is it called to Law Enforcement? Dissemination of Child Pornography After you click “SEND” you no longer control the image or how it is used. By clicking “send” you are – breaking the law.
What Can Happen? NDCC 12.1-27.1-02. Promoting Obscenity to Minors. Guilty of class C Felony if “recklessly promote to a minor any material or performance which is harmful to minors”.
What Can Happen? • N.D.C.C 12.1-27.2-04.1 Possession of Certain Materials Prohibited. • Class C felony to knowingly possess any motion picture, photograph, or other visual representation that includes sexual conduct by a minor • These are state charges, if charged federally, the penalties are more severe.
Federal Charges for Child Pornography • Possession (18 U.S.C. § 2252A (a)(5)(B)) • Statutorily: • First Offense – Max 10 years • Prior Sex Offense- Min. 10 years; Max. 20 years • Distribution & Receipt(18 U.S.C.§§2252A(a)(1)&(2) and 2252A(a)(2)) • Statutorily: • First Offense-Mandatory Min. 5 yrs; Max 20 yrs. • Prior Sex Offense- Mandatory Min. 15 yrs; Max 40 yrs.
Federal Charges for Child Pornography • Production (18 U.S.C.§ 2251(a)) • Statutorily • First Offense- Mandatory Min.15 yrs; Max. 30 yrs. • Prior Sex Offense-Mandatory Min. 25 yrs; Max 50 yrs. • Online Enticement (18 U.S.C.§2422(b)) • Statutorily • Mandatory Min. 10 yrs; Max. Life • Advisory Guidelines (U.S.S.G.§2Ga.3) 97-121 months
Bullying • Can often lead to bullying of child if images are sent to others. • Can lead to multiple problems • Embarrassment • Isolation • Depression • Suicide • Cassidy Andel Case
Cassidy Andel • Committed suicide November 4th, 2010. • Several factors contributed to her death to include depression & bullying.
ND Bullying Law NDCC 15.1-19. (Added to the student and safety chapter). Defines bullying and requires school districts to adopt a policy before July 1, 2012. “Conduct” includes use of technology or other electronic means. Problem: covers conduct only occurs on school grounds, bus, or school event.
Sexting & Bullying Children don’t understand long term consequences. May be unaware of potential predators. Nude images and sexually explicit videos are exchanged daily among predators.
How do we keep our children safe? • Need to understand the problem • Children are bombarded with a wealth of information (good & bad). • Recent Study • Internet-initiated Sex Crimes against Minors: Implications for Prevention Based on Findings from a National Study • JANIS WOLAK, J.D., DAVID FINKELHOR, Ph.D., AND KIMBERLY MITCHELL, Ph.D.
Keep In Mind • Results • Victims in Internet-initiated cases were predominantly young teens. • Seventy-six percent were between 13 & 15 years old • 75% of victims were girls