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Department of Elementary and Secondary Education School Food Services. Karen Wooton, RD, LD, Director Laina Fullum RD, LD Assistant Director . Historical Overview. 1946-National School Lunch Act 1969- Free & Reduced Priced Eligibility 1975- School Breakfast Program

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department of elementary and secondary education school food services

Department of Elementary and Secondary Education School Food Services

Karen Wooton, RD, LD, Director

Laina Fullum RD, LD Assistant Director

historical overview
Historical Overview
  • 1946-National School Lunch Act
  • 1969- Free & Reduced Priced Eligibility
  • 1975- School Breakfast Program
  • 1995- School Meals Initiative (SMI) for Healthy School Meals
purpose of the national school lunch program
Purpose of the National School Lunch Program

A National Crisis during WWII

“No nation is any healthier than its children”

~Harry Truman, 1946

“The NSLP safeguards the health and well being of the Nation’s children…”

school meals initiative smi
School Meals Initiative (SMI)
  • USDA issued regulations to define how the Dietary Guidelines would be applied to school meals.
  • Compliance is to be achieved through a choice of meal planning options for schools to be in compliance with Nutrient Standards.
  • Four menu planning options.
menu planning options
Menu Planning Options
  • Traditional Food Based Menu Planning,

(TFBMP) 34%

  • Enhanced Food Based Menu Planning,

(EFBMP) 15%

  • Nutrient Standard Menu Planning,

(NSMP) 51%

  • Assisted Nutrient Standard Menu Planning,

(ANSMP)< 1%

the nutrient standards
The Nutrient Standards
  • The nutrient standards for healthy meals were established by averaging the Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDA) for key nutrients, for different groups of children.
key nutrients




Vitamin A

Vitamin C

No more than 30% of calories from fat

Less than 10% of calories from saturated fat

Key Nutrients

1/3 RDA for Lunch

1/4 RDA for Breakfast

state values
State Values
  • Cholesterol
  • Dietary Fiber
  • Sodium
averaged over a week
Averaged Over a Week
  • Key Nutrients and State Values must be met over an averaged school week period.
  • School decides food items served as long as meal pattern and nutrients are met.
traditional food based menu planning
Traditional Food Based Menu Planning

5 Components

  • Meat/Meat Alternate
  • Grains/Bread
  • Fruit and/or Vegetable
  • Second Fruit and/or Vegetable
  • Fluid Milk
    • Grade groups are K-3 and 4-12
enhanced food based menu planning for lunch
Enhanced Food Based Menu Planningfor Lunch
  • Same components as TFBMP
  • Differences are as follows:
    • larger portions of meat/meat alternate for K-3
    • larger grains/bread weekly minimums
    • larger fruit/vegetable weekly minimums
    • Grade groups are K-6 & 7-12
nutrient standard menu planning pattern
Nutrient Standard Menu Planning Pattern
  • LEAs choosing NSMP must conduct nutrient analysis on all menu items or foods offered as part of the reimbursable meal.
  • Entrée
  • Side
  • Milk
assisted nutrient standard menu planning
Assisted Nutrient Standard Menu Planning
  • Same pattern as NSMP
  • An outside entity provides menus including the analysis.
  • The State agency must approve the initial menu cycle, recipes, & other specifications.
offer verses serve option
Offer Verses Serve Option
  • Schools may allow a certain number of items from a given pattern to be refused.
  • This varies with menu planning option.
  • This encourages schools to offer variety and cuts down on waste.
ovs example nsmp

Side dish 1

Side dish 2

Milk Choice

Spaghetti with side salad

Bread Stick

Canned peaches

2% & Skim chocolate

OVS example NSMP

May have all four or refuse two items

ovs example fbmp
Meat/meat alternate* & grains bread* components

Fruit &/or vegetable* choice

2nd F/V choice*

Milk choice*

Spaghetti w/meat sauce

Side salad


2% or skim chocolate

OVS example FBMP

May refuse any two components*

who plans school meals
Who Plans School Meals?
  • The district is responsible for its own menu planning based on what menu planning option they have selected.
portion sizes
Portion Sizes
  • There is no maximum limit to the portion size.
  • NSMP: does not specify a portion size
  • FBMP: sets minimum portion sizes

All menu planning options must meet USDA’s nutrient standards weekly

convenience foods verses scratch cooking
Convenience Foods Verses Scratch Cooking
  • Schools can plan however they choose within the menu planning option
  • The most expensive commodity in a kitchen is labor…
  • Many schools walk a fine line between what kids will eat verses what is healthy
fresh fruits and vegetables
Fresh Fruits and Vegetables
  • There are various reasons schools select certain menu items.
    • Food budget
    • Student preferences
    • Availability of fresh fruits & vegetables
    • Food waste issues
    • Lack of skilled labor
nslp funding
NSLP Funding
  • Federal 51%
  • Local 48%
    • Student charges
  • State 1%
commodity program
Commodity Program
  • Federal donations of food for use in school food service programs provide a constructive and effective use of foods that are purchased by USDA under agriculture price support and surplus removal programs.
  • These commodities, along with direct food purchases with school lunch program appropriated funds, help keep the price of meals within the reach of the maximum number of children.
nslp funding23
NSLP Funding
  • Schools are reimbursed for serving a meal (one per student) that meets the selected meal pattern requirements.
  • The application process determines which students get free, or reduced price benefits.

Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point:

Is a seven principle FDA food safety program that is a preventive system of hazard control that can be used by processors to ensure the safety of their products to consumers.

Schools must adopt program effective July 1, 2005

food safety inspections
Food Safety Inspections
  • By July 1, 2005 schools must have two food safety inspections yearly instead of one.
Fried Verses Baked?

Salad Bars?



Adequate eating time?

Food vs. non-food fundraisers?

Hand washing?

Candy as a reward?

Teacher’s eating healthy?

Pouring contracts: How much money do schools get?

Free students & competitive foods?

Food Safety Issues?

competitive foods
Competitive Foods
  • Any foods sold in competition with the NSLP & SBP to students in foodservice areas during the meal periods.
  • The sale of such foods must be to the benefit of the nonprofit school food service, the school, or student organizations approved by the school. 
foods of minimal nutritional value fmnv
Foods of Minimal Nutritional Value (FMNV)
  • Artificially sweetened foods which provides less than 5% of the Reference Daily Intake (RDI) for 8 specified nutrients per serving; and in the case of all other foods, a food that provides less than 5% of the RDI for 8 specified nutrients per 100 calories and per


  • May not be sold in food service

areas during the meal periods

fmnv categories
Soda water

Water ices

Chewing gum

Certain candies such as:

Hard candy

Jellies and gums

Marshmallow candies



Spun candies

Candy coated popcorn

FMNV Categories
vending machines fmnv
Vending Machines & FMNV
  • FMNV may not be sold or served in the food service area during meal service periods.
what is the role of extension npa in changing the school environment
What is the role of Extension/NPA in changing the school environment?
  • Getting out the word to parents, students, teachers, food service staff, school administrators etc. how important it is to offer and select healthier choices at school and at home.
  • Encourage appropriate local wellness policies in your local school districts.
local wellness policies
Local Wellness Policies
  • By 2006-2007 school year districts must establish a local school wellness policy.