Week 4. 11/23/07. Five General Item-Writing Commandments. 1. Thou shall not provide opaque directions to students regarding how to respond to your assessment instruments. Five General Item-Writing Commandments. 2. Thou shall not employ ambiguous statements in your assessment items.
Item stems can be a direct question or an incomplete statement.
With younger students the direct question approach is preferable. Using these stems, you can ask the student to select the best answer or the best answer.
Which one of the the following cities is located west of the Mississippi? San Diego, Pittsburgh, Boston or Atlanta
Which one of the following cities is not located in a state east of the Mississippi? San Diego, Pittsburgh, Boston or Atlanta
5. Never use all-of-the-above alternative but do use none of the above alternatives to increase item difficulty.
A matching item consists of two parallel lists of words or phrases that require the student to match entries on one list with appropriate entries on the second list.
Entries in the list for which a match is sought are referred to as premises.
Entries in the list from which selections are made are referred to as responses.
Takes up little space and taps a good deal of information efficiently
Encourages memorization of low level factual information.
Short answer items and essays