Roosevelt. Wilson Progressivism And the Age of Morality (Chapters 21 and 22). Progressive Presidents. Pres. 1901-1909; tough western individualist; moralist at heart. Also a realist and masterful Politician;
(Chapters 21 and 22)
a) A quest for order and efficiency
b) A faith in power (used correctly)
African proverb: “Walk softly and carry a big stick, and you will go far.” This was his plan for order and efficiency—Big Stick diplomacy—negotiate softly, backed by threat of big stick …
1) Maximum degree of personal freedom for each individual;
2) Competitive opportunities for businessmen and industrialists (equalize the playing field give everyone equal opportunity to prosper—did not however believe in a welfare state—sort of survival of the fittest—as long as opportunity is equal);
3) Federal government setting the tone and direction of national life (leaders are to be morally correct and honest—so will citizenry—lead by example);
The Presidency was a “Bully Pulpit” to preach these three themes;
Society was the body and all parts, the President was the ‘Brain’ –lead morally and righteously;
“The welfare of each of us is dependent upon the welfare of all of us …” ie how can the country prosper if the much of the citizenry is not prospering?
Extended to Foreign Policy; viewed the nations of the world as divided into three groups.
Large population; preserved
and protected natural
Resources ; strong moral
2) Sacrifice and die if
necessary for one’s country;
3) Militarily prepared
strong Navy and Army.
Roosevelt judged other nations as he judged America and himself: righteousness and morality;
Equated righteousness with order; Power should have self-restraint;
Only use force in a righteous cause—then as last resort.
“War, like peace, is properly a means to an end: righteousness. Neither war nor peace in itself is righteous. Righteousness, when triumphant, brings peace.”
Used force a lot in Latin America.
“It is certain that the only way successfully to oppose the might which is the servant of wrong is by means of the might that is the servant of right.”
Truly it was needed; when
the USS Oregon sailing from
San Francisco to Cuba in
1898 took a month to arrive
on station, T.R. immediately
began pushing for a Canal
French had begun, but failed
offered $40 million for the
rights to continue the dig.
Teller Amendment—Henry Teller of Colorado proposed the following: the United States "hereby disclaims any disposition of intention to exercise sovereignty, jurisdiction, or control over said island except for pacification thereof, and asserts its determination, when that is accomplished, to leave the government and control of the island to its people." This therefore quelled any anxiety of annexation.
Ran on platform of Suffrage,
Child labor, environmental
Comp (1st contract with America)