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Theodore Roosevelt “I care not what others think of what I do, but I care very much about what I think of what I do! That is character!” -Theodore Roosevelt
Background/ Family • October 28, 1858- Theodore Roosevelt was born in New York • Born into a wealthy and well-established family in New York • His father, Theodore Roosevelt Sr., was a descendant of the original group of Dutch merchants who made their fortunes at building New York harbor • His mother, Martha Bulloch, was descended from the southern "aristocracy" of Georgia • Had three siblings Anna, Elliott and Corinne • He suffered from violent attacks of asthma and poor eyesight • To improve his health, he boxed and lifted dumbbells • 1876, Roosevelt entered Harvard University where he met Alice Lee, who would become his wife soon after graduation • February 12, 1884 His wife died after giving birth to their first child, Alice Lee, he then married Edith K. Carow • Sept.13, 1887 Son Theodore Roosevelt Jr. • Oct. 10,1889 Son Kermit Roosevelt • August 13,1891 Daughter, Ethel Carow Roosevelt • April 10, 1894 Son Archibald Bulloch Roosevelt • His youngest son Quentin, was killed in aerial combat • 1918 Roosevelt was diagnosed with inflammatory rheumatism, he died on the morning of January 6, 1919 at Sagamore Hill, his home in New York
Political Rise • 1880- He joins the Republican Party • November 8, 1881- He was elected to New York State Assembly from New York City(served from 1882-1884) • 1883-He becomes a Minority Leader • June 1884- He was a delegate to the Republican National Convention • May 7, 1889- May 5, 1895-He was the U.S. Civil Service Commissioner in Washington • May 5, 1895-He resigns U.S. Civil Service Commission to become the Police Commissioner of NYC • April 19, 1897-He was appointed Assistant Secretary of the Navy by President William McKinley • May 6, 1898-He resigns as Assistant Secretary of the Navy to become Lieutenant-Colonel of the 1st US Volunteer Cavalry Regiment • September 27, 1898-He was nominated by the Republican Party for Governor of New York State. Was elected governor November 8 • March 4- Sept. 14, 1901-He became Vice President of the United States • Sept. 14 1901-Mar. 4, 1909 –He became the Twenty-sixth President of the United States
Key Domestic Policy Issues • Following McKinley's assassination, Roosevelt pledged to maintain the fallen President's policies so not to upset the nation, Roosevelt knew that he had to work with congressional Republicans to get the G.O.P. nomination for President in 1904 • Roosevelt turned his attention to the nation's railroads, Roosevelt's first achievement was the Elkins Act of 1903, ended the practice of railroad companies granting shipping rebates to certain companies, allowing big companies to ship goods for lower rates than smaller companies could obtain but was not effective • Roosevelt believed the government should use its resources to help achieve economic and social justice • When coal miners went on strike Roosevelt called on a settlement for the coal strike called the "square deal,” where everyone gains fairly from the agreement • Roosevelt was the nation's first conservationist President, he preached the need to preserve woodlands and mountain ranges, in 1902 Roosevelt signed the Newlands Reclamation Bill, which used money from federal land sales to build reservoirs and irrigation works to promote agriculture in the arid West • He read The Jungle, and responded by pushing for the Meat Inspection Act and the Pure Food and Drug Act of 1906
Key Foreign Policy Issues • His diplomatic maxim was to "speak softly and carry a big stick," meaning that a chief executive must be willing to use force when needing to persuade someone; therefore he sought to form a powerful and reliable defense for the United States that way they avoid conflicts with enemies also following McKinley in relative isolationism which involves acting aggressively in foreign affairs • He inherited the situation of the governance of the Philippines. The US had gotten the island from Spain which he appointed Taft as the first civilian governor of the islands in 1901. • 1901- the U.S. negotiated with Britain persuading into creating an American-controlled canal that would be constructed either in Nicaragua or through a strip of land -Panama- owned by Colombia. The Senate agreed into a route through Panama, contingent upon Colombian approval. The U.S. supported a Panamanian revolution with money and a naval blockade, in which prevented Colombian troops from landing in Panama. • 1903-the Hay-Bunau-Varilla Treaty with Panama gave the U.S. control of the canal for the price of $10 million and an annual payment of $250,000 • During the Santo Domingo crisis, Roosevelt formulated the Roosevelt Corollary . The Monroe Doctrine stated that the U.S. would not accept European intervention in the Americas. He realized that if nations in the Western Hemisphere continued to have chronic problems, such as the inability to repay foreign debt, they would become targets of European invention. To avoid this he drafted his corollary: the United States would intervene in any Latin American country that manifested serious economic problems. The corollary announced that the United States would serve as the "policeman" • As the Russo-Japanese War raged on , Roosevelt approached both nations about mediating peace negotiations. He longed for a world in which countries would turn to arbitration instead of war to settle international disputes, and he offered his services to this end. Although Russia and Japan initially refused his offer, they eventually accepted his "good offices" to help negotiate a peace • 1905- Met with Roosevelt in Portsmouth, New Hampshire To find a negotiable peace as Roosevelt as a mediator with this he won the Nobel Prize for Peace, the first U.S. President to do so
Success and Failures • Roosevelt's reform policies, particularly the Anti-Trust Law, trusts strategy didn't solve the problems, but increased the growth of monopolies and the power of business • His "square deal," took on trusts, but he only busted about half as many trusts in twice as much time as President Taft later did • Roosevelt is considered a successful progressive president and reformer because in his 1st inaugural address, he addressed the reform problems and that he was aware of the issues and was prepared to fight them; Roosevelt told the country he won't be a corrupt president, offering favors and handing out special privileges • President Roosevelt was an important progressive president and many of the changes brought about are still affecting our society today • Roosevelt did good things while President even though he had a different approach to progressivism, but that's what progressivism is, progressivism is change and reform, and he was successful in bringing this about, and he impacted society for the better
One Word • The word chosen to describe Theodore Roosevelt would be aggressive • “Get action. Seize the moment. Man was never intended to become an oyster”-Theodore Roosevelt • This quote that Theodore Roosevelt himself said, presented to us his way of thinking throughout his presidency. It shows us that you must bring action toward certain situations if you want to get what u want. We feel that Roosevelt went to massive measures to get these accomplishment that shine in his presidency.
Thoughts on the President • Theodore Roosevelt has an impact on today because of his Progressivism. Roosevelt addressed the problems and watched the issues and was prepared to fight them. His changes brought about change on society that is still impacting us today. We think that Roosevelt could be a successful President today because people are concerned about peace and Roosevelt is a peace-maker.
Fun Facts • Height: 5 feet 9 inches • Weight: 220 lbs • Right handed • Scorpio • Religion: Dutch Reformed • Eye Color: Pale Blue • Hair: Brown • The Family Motto: "He Who Has Planted Will Preserve" • Personal Motto: “Speak softly and carry a big stick, and you will go far” • Youngest President when he took office • Face carved on Mt. Rushmore • Built most of the West Wing in the White House • Teddy Bears were named after Teddy Roosevelt • From Teddy’s Bear to Teddy Bear
Cabinet Members • Secretary of State John Hay (1901-05) Elihu Root (1905-09) Robert Bacon(1909) • Secretary of the TreasuryLyman Gage (1901-02) Leslie Shaw (1902-07) George Cortelyou (1907-09) • Secretary of War Elihu Root (1901-04) William Taft (1904-08) Luke E. Wright (1908-09) • Attorney GeneralPhilander Knox (1901-04) William Moody (1904-06) Charles Bonaparte (1906-09) • Postmaster General Charles Smith (1901-02) Henry Payne (1902-04) Robert Wynne (1904-05) George Cortelyou (1905-07) George von Meyer (1907-09) • Secretary of the NavyJames Long (1901-02) William Moody (1902-04) Paul Morton (1904-05) Charles Bonaparte (1905-06) Victor Metcalf (1906-08) Truman Newberry (1908-09) • Secretary of the InteriorEthan Hitchcock (1901-07) James Garfield (1907-09) • Secretary of Agriculture James Wilson (1901-1909) • Secretary of Commerce and LaborGeorge Cortelyou (1903-04) Victor Metcalf (1904-06) Oscar Straus (1906-09)
Elections • Roosevelt began to wonder how win the nomination for presidency in 1904 because he did not always agree with the Republican conservatives in the Congress, but he needed their support in order to win • He always turned to the public, having tours to endorse his name • One of Roosevelt’s competitors was Mark Hanna but he died giving Roosevelt new found confidence • Roosevelt’s competitors were Alton Parker and Henry Davis but he beat them with 336 electoral votes • Before his last term ended Roosevelt picked Taft to be his successor and he did everything to ensure his victory in the election of 1912 • Their competitor was Woodrow Wilson and the debates were over New Freedom and New Nationalism • Roosevelt: federal government should act as a "trustee" for the American people, controlling and supervising the economy in the public interest • Wilson: minimize the role of government and suggested that all monopolies were harmful to the nation • Taft lost to Wilson with 23% votes to his 41% votes
Bibliography • Quotes- www.brainyquote.com • Slide 1 Picture- freakingnews.org • Family Background – www.pbs.org • Slide 2 Picture- theodorerooseveltfacts.com • Political Rise- theodoreroosevelt.org • Slide 3 Picture- juggle-images.com • Key Domestic Issues- millercenter.org • Slide 4 Picture- punitkitchen.files.wordpress.com • Key Foreign Issues- millercenter.org • Slide 5 Picture- schillerinstitute.org • Success/Failures- www.123helpme.com • Slide 6 Picture- howsaboutabeer.com ; www.whitehouse.gov ; usnews.com • One Word- whitehousemuseum.org • Slide 7 Picture- old-picture.com • Fun Facts- www.theodoreroosevelt.com ; www.associatedcontent.com • Slide 8 Picture- www.forgottendelights.com • Cabinet- www.ipl.org • Slide 9 Picture- howstuffworks.com • Elections- millercenter.org • Slide 10 Picture- www.altergroup.com
Team Teddy Roosevelt Gyssell Sosa Ashley Andrade