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Anatomy and Physiology Defined. Levels of Organization. Atoms/Chemicals CellsTissueOrganOrgan SystemsOrganism. Anatomy and Physiology. Ecology. Organism_______________________Ecosystem. Nerve Cell. Atoms to Cells. Protons & Neutrons. Ameoba. Animal Cell. Muscle Cell. Plant Cell.

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levels of organization
Levels of Organization

Atoms/ChemicalsCellsTissueOrganOrgan SystemsOrganism

Anatomy and Physiology


  • Organism_______________________Ecosystem
atoms to cells

Nerve Cell

Atoms to Cells

Protons & Neutrons


Animal Cell

Muscle Cell

Plant Cell


cells to tissues
Cells to Tissues

Cardiac Muscle Tissue

Cell in ________

Single Cells Join to Make Tissue

tissues to organs
Tissues to Organs

A single Organ (heart)

Join Together

Individual Cardiac Tissues

organs to organ systems
Organs to Organ Systems

Cardiovascular System





11 organ systems
11 Organ Systems
  • Integumentary System-Skin
  • Skeletal System-Bones
  • Muscular System-Muscles
  • Nervous System-____________,___________,__________
  • Endocrine System-Pituitary, Thyroid, Adrenals, Pancreas, and other hormone producers
  • Cardiovascular System-Heart, Vessels, Capillaries
  • Lymphatic System-_________,__________,___________, and other Blood (cleaning) related organs
  • Respiratory System-Nasal, Larynx, Bronchi, Lungs
  • Digestive System-__________ from Mouth to Anus
  • Urinary (Excretory)-Kidney, Bladder, Urethra, Ureter
  • Reproductive-Testis, Ovary, Penis, Uterus, Vagina
systems 5 7
Series of Organs that produce _______________

Hormones regulate Growth, Metabolism, and Sexual Development

Hormones are released from organs into bloodstream for transport

Is involved in the ___________ of the body

Generates _____________


Drains excess body fluids

Lymph nodes located in neck, groin, and armpit regions

Spleen is “largest” lymph organ

Systems 5&7


basic life functions
Basic Life Functions
  • Maintaining Boundaries-Cells and Skin (both)
  • ___________
  • Responsiveness
  • Digestion
  • Metabolism
  • Excretion
  • ____________
  • ____________
survival needs
Survival Needs
  • Nutrients
  • __________
  • __________
  • Body Temperature
  • Atmospheric Pressure

Components of a Homeostatic Event

  • The body ____________ to maintain a constant state. If hot-try to cool, if dehydrated-conserve moisture.
  • Receptor
  • Control


  • Effector
homeostatic imbalance
Homeostatic Imbalance
  • Most diseases are classified as Homeostatic Imbalance
  • In every chapter, example of homeostatic imbalance will be discussed
  • They are indicated in your text by a RULER BALANCED ON A PYRAMID
  • Find 2 in your book now, give page number and explanation

A.________________ B.__________________

anatomical positioning
Anatomical Positioning

THE Anatomical Position

***Please assume this position by your desk***

A person in the anatomical position is standing erect with the head, eyes and toes pointing forward, feet together with arms by the side. The palms of the hands are also point forward.

***Please assume this position by your desk***

***Please assume this position by your desk***

directional terms
Directional Terms
  • superior/inferior
  • anterior/posterior
  • medial/lateral
  • dorsal/ventral
  • intermediate
  • proximal/distal
  • superficial/deep

Use page 12 to make sketches of each of these in your notes




  • Leg Landmarks
diagram 4
Diagram 4

Arm Landmarks

resource page
Resource Page
  • Internet Sites