Gaps application by mashudu silimela 27 september 2007
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GAPs APPLICATION by Mashudu Silimela 27 September 2007. INTRODUCTION. Changing of environment Globally competitive Compliance International credibility Programme termination. WTO SPS agreement. Encourage trade between countries

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Gaps application by mashudu silimela 27 september 2007

GAPs APPLICATIONby Mashudu Silimela27 September 2007


Introduction
INTRODUCTION

  • Changing of environment

  • Globally competitive

  • Compliance

  • International credibility

  • Programme termination


Wto sps agreement
WTO SPS agreement

  • Encourage trade between countries

    • Ensure that import and export of agricultural products takes place according to accepted international principles, norms and standards

  • Members have a right to take phytosanitary measures necessary for the protection of plant Health or life

  • Phytosanitary measures shall be technically justified

  • Appropriate level of Phytosanitary measures should have at least negative effect on trade


Establishment of an export programme
Establishment of an export programme

  • PRA by importing country

  • Determine quarantine pests

  • Risk Management option

  • Bilateral liaison between NPPO

  • Determine phytosanitary measures

  • Authorization by importing NPPO


Risk management option
RISK MANAGEMENT OPTION

  • PFA/PFPP

  • PREHARVEST CONTROL

  • POST-HARVEST CONTROL

  • IN TRANSIT CONTROL

  • PRE ENTRY- CONTROL

    RISK MANAGEMENT PRINCIPLES

  • ISPMs

  • National Standards (GAPs, SOPs, Registration)

  • Industry guidelines for control procedures

  • Records

  • Traceability

  • Product identity, consignment integrity, phytosanitary security

  • Transparency

  • Phytosanitary risk management & certification


Gap application
GAP application

  • Application of GAPs are prerequisite for importing countries such as USA and China for certain pests

    • USA – FCM

    • China – FCM, Fruit flies, carob moth, Fuller’s rose beetles and other pests as stipulated in the protocol

  • General principle

    • Effective pest monitoring (trapping)

    • Effective pest management (In orchards, pack house/during transportation –NB: Hitchhikers)

    • Effective sanitation (orchards/pack houses)

    • Records maintenance

    • Ensure traceability


Gaps application
GAPs APPLICATION

  • Verification by importing countries

    Implementation of GAPs and other control guidelines are of very importance

    Shared responsibility

    All the role players must play their parts


Thank you
THANK YOU