Download
hurricane wilma a case study n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Hurricane Wilma: A Case Study PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Hurricane Wilma: A Case Study

Hurricane Wilma: A Case Study

474 Views Download Presentation
Download Presentation

Hurricane Wilma: A Case Study

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Hurricane Wilma: A Case Study Mari Holmstrom Environmental Geology

  2. Outline • Introduction to Hurricanes • Introduction to Hurricane Wilma • Timeline of Events • Preparation • Impact • Disaster Response • Reconstruction • What was learned • Future recommendations

  3. Hurricane • Definition • Tropical cyclones with winds exceeding 74 mph • Circulation • Counterclockwise around center in NH, opposite in SH • Inverse relationship between central pressure and wind speed • Stages of Development • Tropical Depression • Tropical Storm • Hurricane

  4. Facts about Hurricane Wilma • Set numerous records for strength and seasonal activity • Most active season • Third category 5 to form in October • Within top five costliest hurricane in Atlantic • Third costliest storm in U.S. history

  5. Hurricane Wilma Track • October 25 • Weakened to extratropical storm • October 24 (Category 3) • Contact with Florida around 6:30 a.m. • October 22 (Category 2) • Wilma hits Yucatan peninsula • October 18 • Tropical Storm Wilma reaches Category 1 hurricane strength and becomes a hurricane • October 20 (Category 4) • First Atlantic hurricane to have below 900 mb central pressure at Category 4 • October 17 • Tropical Depression 24 becomes Tropical • Storm Wilma • October 19 (Category 5) • Most intense hurricane recorded in Atlantic • October 15 • Tropical Depression 24 develops

  6. Tropical Depression forming Hitting Yucatan Peninsula Hitting Florida Dissipating in Atlantic

  7. Who was Impacted • Florida • Collier, Palm Beach, Naples, and Monroe County • Yucatan Peninsula • Playa del Carmen, Cozumel, and Cancun • Cuba

  8. Preparedness • Mexico • Red Alert declared • Tourists told to return home • Classes suspended • Residents advised to take refuge inland • Cuba • Preparations to evacuate four western provinces • More than 368,000 people ordered to evacuate • Florida • Mandatory evacuation of Monroe County and Collier County residents • Hurricane shelters opened • County offices, schools, and courts closed • Curfews in Lee and Collier counties

  9. Impact of hurricane

  10. Impact on Economy • Mexico • Tourism industry affected • 7.5 miles of beaches destroyed • Florida • Sugar crop halted • Citrus industry affected

  11. Disaster Response • Mexico • Red Cross • Cuba • USAID/OFDA • Florida • National Guardsmen • Search and Rescue • Ice, water, and meals trucked in • Disaster Medical Assistance Teams

  12. Reconstruction • Mexico • Water and power restored in days • Reflection of growing experience • Beach repair could take up to 3 years • Hotels/resorts reopened in 2006 • Florida • Residents moved back within a week • New hurricane and weather center opened in March 2006 in Key West

  13. What was learned • Accurate hurricane forecasting • Time of impact • Direction of movement • 2005 peak of cycle b/w high and low intensity seasons • Winds same direction and same speed • Warm water available • Possibly caused by global warming?

  14. Recommendations • Good preparation and response • Mandatory evacuation • Make sure residents leave • More evacuation routes • Stages of evacuation? • More research on hurricane season cycle • Keep extensive data collection

  15. References • http://ladeltaweather.com/hurricanecenter/ • http://edition.cnn.com/2005/WEATHER/11/29/hurricane.season.ender • http://www.mexiconews.com/mx/miami/15703.html • http://www.weather.gov/storms/wilma/ • www.bonitanews.com/hurricane/wilma • http://www.nasa.gov/vision/earth/lookingatearth/h2005_wilma.html • http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/oa/climate/research/2005/wilma.html • http://www.ultimatecitrus.com/Wilma/