Subjects, Predicates, and Sentences. Unit 8. Kinds of Sentences. A sentence is a group of words that expresses a complete thought. There are 4 kinds of sentences Declarative sentences Interrogative sentences Exclamatory sentences Imperative sentences. Declarative Sentences.
A sentence is a group of words that expresses a complete thought. There are 4 kindsof sentences
A declarative sentence makes a statement or tells something. It ends with a period.
An interrogative sentence asks something. It ends with a question mark.
An exclamatory sentence shows strong feeling. It ends with an exclamation point.
An imperative sentence commands someone to do something. It usually ends with a period.
Every sentence has two parts; a subject and a predicate. A sentence with one subject and one predicateis known as a simple sentence.
A sentence fragmentdoes not express a complete thought. It may be missing a subject, a predicate or both.
The sentence lacks a predicate.
What did Paul Revere do?
Worked for Paul Revere.
The sentence lacks a subject.
Who worked for Paul Revere?
The fragment lacks both a subject and a predicate.
In requests and commands, the subject is usually not stated. The word you is understood to be the subject.
Do your homework tonight.
Subject = You
The complete subject includes all the words in the subject of a sentence.
The complete predicateincludes all the words in the predicate of the sentence.
My favorite subject is Language Arts.
The simple subject is the main word or group of words in the complete subject.
The simple predicate is the main word or group of words in the complete predicate. It is always the verb (action word).
My sisterread a book.
A compound subject has two or more subjects that have the same predicate. The subjects are joined by and, or, or but.
Many painters and sculptors lead colorful lives.
A compound predicate has two or more verbs that have the same subject. The verbs are joined by and, or, or but.
Juan lived in Spain and studied painting.
Some sentences have both a compound subject and a compound predicate.
Steve and his familywere poor but worked hard.
A run-on sentence is two or more sentences incorrectly written as one sentence. Notice the way run-on sentences may be corrected.
Nat boarded the ship the crowd waved.
Nat boarded the ship .The crowd waved.
Trish danced on stage, the crowd applauded.
Trish danced on stage; the crowd applauded.
Trish danced on stage, and the crowd applauded.
Amain clauseis a sentence that can stand alone.
A subordinate clausecannot stand alone as a sentence.
Nat’s adventures will thrill all, who read about them
A compound sentence is a sentence that contains two or more simple sentences. Each simple sentence is called a main clause.
A clause is a group of words containing a subject and a predicate.
David boarded the ship, and the crowd waved.
A complex sentence is a sentence that has one main clause and one or more subordinate clauses.
The captain spoke to David, who had boarded the ship.