ORGANIZATION AND INSTITUTION FLOW PATTERNS OF WORK. General Considerations:. Organizing and instituting flow patterns of clinical laboratory work involve implementing the basic responsibilities of management-planning, organizing, coordinating, directing, and controlling.
Organizing and instituting flow patterns of clinical laboratory work involve implementing the basic responsibilities of management-planning, organizing, coordinating, directing, and controlling.
These functions are interrelated and overlapping.
These Management Functions can be defined as follows:
1-planning is deciding whatto be done and determining the best way to do it.
The plan should answer the questions: what is to be done, where is to be done, when is to be done, who will do it, how it will be done, and why it is being done.
2- Organizing is arranging human and material recourses to carry out a plan in the most efficient manner possible.
3- Coordinating is the process of communicating with others inside and outside the supervisors area of control.
4- Directing is the process of implementing the planned activities of the organization and using the recourses in the actual operation.
5- Controlling is the process of comparing operations with some measurable criteria to determine if these activities are going according to the plan.
Major steps of workflow:
An efficient acquisition and delivery of specimen workflow should include:
Blood and other specimens should arrive to the clinical lab. In a timely manner to assure smooth flow of the testing process. An example of a schedule for routine blood collection runs is 7:00 am, 11:00 am,3:00 pm, and 7:00 pm. If the institution has a large number of critical care and special units, it is usually necessary to make more frequent blood collection runs, these runs should be on a different timetable than the routine collection runs.
Steps carried out to receive a specimen:
An effective workflow patterns must include:
Clinical lab. Procedures fall into three categories:
Test scheduling must be developed in such a manner that the service provided meets the needs of those requiring it. Communication plays an important role in the success or failure of a plan to perform certain procedures on a scheduled basis.
Tow systems are necessary: