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STALIN PowerPoint Presentation

STALIN

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STALIN

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  1. STALIN

  2. Stalin was born on December 21, 1879 • He was a peasant like many other Russians at the end of the 19th Century. • Stalin suffered from a severe case of smallpox, a disease that killed many people during this time.

  3. Stalin Survives

  4. Stalin is enrolled in a school where he meets other socialists.

  5. Stalin becomes familiar with the writings of Karl Marx

  6. Socialism: The stage in Marxist-Leninist theory intermediate between capitalism and communism, in which collective ownership of the economy under the dictatorship of the proletariat has not yet been successfully achieved.

  7. Tiflis Theological Seminary While studying at the seminary he joined a secret organization called Messame Dassy.

  8. Marxism The political and economic philosophy of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels in which the concept of class struggle plays a central role in understanding society's allegedly inevitable development from bourgeois oppression under capitalism to a socialist and ultimately classless society.

  9. Stalin “Too Cool for School” In May, 1899, Stalin was expelled from the Tiflis Theological Seminary

  10. Shortly after, he is arrested for starting a strike at a factory. Stalin Joins The Social Democratic Labor Party

  11. In 1904 Stalin escaped from Siberia and within a few months he was back organizing demonstrations and strikes in Tiflis. Vladimir Lenin was impressed with Stalin's achievements and in 1905 he was invited to meet him in Finland.

  12. Over the next 8 years Stalin is arrested 4 more times. He manages to escape each time

  13. Stalin is then sentenced to life in Siberia. After the overthrow of Nicholas II, Stalin is permitted to return to Russia.

  14. Stalin writes for a newspaper Pravda He sides with Lenin that the working class (proletariat) should take overthrow the rich (bourgeoisie)

  15. Lenin Attacks The Bolsheviks He believes they are not loyal to socialism and that they are supporting the provisional government.

  16. Commissar of Nationalities

  17. Thing don’t work out… Most countries decide not to join with Russia

  18. Exit Card What is socialism? Why do you think socialism was appealing? Compare Stalin to somebody today.

  19. Stalin should go back to school.

  20. Stalin believes the Self-determined nations within Russia’s borders will want to join the U.S.S.R

  21. Strong Nationalistic Feelings Get in the Way…

  22. Strong Nationalistic Feelings can cause people to go to war with: -Governments of other countries -Their own government -People that don’t side with them within their country’s boundaries Yes, please write this down.

  23. Lenin changes his views on the path the government should take.

  24. Stalin Decides that a modern economy requires a strong central government.

  25. Russia Russian Government

  26. Stalin, Lenin, and the Bolsheviks Unless the independent states had a socialist government willing to develop a union with Russia, the Bolsheviks would not allow self-determination.

  27. A Civil War Ensues Two sides form “The Reds” or Bolsheviks and “The Whites” or Anti-Bolsheviks

  28. “Stalin was to conduct interviews with local administrators on a large barge moored on the Volga. It was later claimed that if Stalin was not convinced of their loyalty they were shot and thrown into the river.” http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/RUSstalin.htm

  29. In 1918, an attempt is made on Lenin’s life.

  30. Stalin calls for "open and systematic mass terror."

  31. In the next few months 800 socialist are executed.

  32. Tensions are high and Lenin needs to appease the masses. He creates the New Economic Policy (NEP) to relive some stress

  33. NEP Farmers were now allowed to sell food on the open market and could now employ people to work for them.

  34. NEP Freedom of internal trade, permitted some private commerce and re-established state banks. Factories employing less than twenty people were denationalized and could be claimed back by former owners.

  35. Sounds more Capitalism than Communism…

  36. Lenin’s health deteriorates and he appoints Stalin to General Secretary

  37. Unfortunately, Stalin’s the only one clapping.

  38. Lenin is paralyzed from surgery to remove the bullet. Stalin is now in charge of the government.

  39. Stalin disagrees with Lenin over a trade policy. Stalin’s policy is accepted and Lenin is feeling threatened by Stalin.

  40. Lenin on his death bed says: “Comrade Stalin, having become General Secretary, has concentrated enormous power in his hands: and I am not sure that he always knows how to use that power with sufficient caution. I therefore propose to our comrades to consider a means of removing Stalin from this post and appointing someone else who differs from Stalin in one weighty respect: being more tolerant, more loyal, more polite, more considerate of his comrades."

  41. Lenin Dies. Stalin becomes Russia’s new Leader

  42. Stalin calls for collective farming. He felt the banding together of farms would increase production

  43. These peasant farmers were referred to as Kulaks.

  44. Those living in the Ukraine had strong nationalistic feelings and would not join with Russian. Over 5,000 Ukrainian scholars, scientists, cultural and religious leaders were arrested after being falsely accused of plotting an armed revolt. They are shot or deported to Siberia.