Stalin was born on December 21, 1879 • He was a peasant like many other Russians at the end of the 19th Century. • Stalin suffered from a severe case of smallpox, a disease that killed many people during this time.
Socialism: The stage in Marxist-Leninist theory intermediate between capitalism and communism, in which collective ownership of the economy under the dictatorship of the proletariat has not yet been successfully achieved.
Tiflis Theological Seminary While studying at the seminary he joined a secret organization called Messame Dassy.
Marxism The political and economic philosophy of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels in which the concept of class struggle plays a central role in understanding society's allegedly inevitable development from bourgeois oppression under capitalism to a socialist and ultimately classless society.
Stalin “Too Cool for School” In May, 1899, Stalin was expelled from the Tiflis Theological Seminary
Shortly after, he is arrested for starting a strike at a factory. Stalin Joins The Social Democratic Labor Party
In 1904 Stalin escaped from Siberia and within a few months he was back organizing demonstrations and strikes in Tiflis. Vladimir Lenin was impressed with Stalin's achievements and in 1905 he was invited to meet him in Finland.
Over the next 8 years Stalin is arrested 4 more times. He manages to escape each time
Stalin is then sentenced to life in Siberia. After the overthrow of Nicholas II, Stalin is permitted to return to Russia.
Stalin writes for a newspaper Pravda He sides with Lenin that the working class (proletariat) should take overthrow the rich (bourgeoisie)
Lenin Attacks The Bolsheviks He believes they are not loyal to socialism and that they are supporting the provisional government.
Thing don’t work out… Most countries decide not to join with Russia
Exit Card What is socialism? Why do you think socialism was appealing? Compare Stalin to somebody today.
Stalin believes the Self-determined nations within Russia’s borders will want to join the U.S.S.R
Strong Nationalistic Feelings can cause people to go to war with: -Governments of other countries -Their own government -People that don’t side with them within their country’s boundaries Yes, please write this down.
Stalin Decides that a modern economy requires a strong central government.
Russia Russian Government
Stalin, Lenin, and the Bolsheviks Unless the independent states had a socialist government willing to develop a union with Russia, the Bolsheviks would not allow self-determination.
A Civil War Ensues Two sides form “The Reds” or Bolsheviks and “The Whites” or Anti-Bolsheviks
“Stalin was to conduct interviews with local administrators on a large barge moored on the Volga. It was later claimed that if Stalin was not convinced of their loyalty they were shot and thrown into the river.” http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/RUSstalin.htm
Tensions are high and Lenin needs to appease the masses. He creates the New Economic Policy (NEP) to relive some stress
NEP Farmers were now allowed to sell food on the open market and could now employ people to work for them.
NEP Freedom of internal trade, permitted some private commerce and re-established state banks. Factories employing less than twenty people were denationalized and could be claimed back by former owners.
Lenin’s health deteriorates and he appoints Stalin to General Secretary
Lenin is paralyzed from surgery to remove the bullet. Stalin is now in charge of the government.
Stalin disagrees with Lenin over a trade policy. Stalin’s policy is accepted and Lenin is feeling threatened by Stalin.
Lenin on his death bed says: “Comrade Stalin, having become General Secretary, has concentrated enormous power in his hands: and I am not sure that he always knows how to use that power with sufficient caution. I therefore propose to our comrades to consider a means of removing Stalin from this post and appointing someone else who differs from Stalin in one weighty respect: being more tolerant, more loyal, more polite, more considerate of his comrades."
Lenin Dies. Stalin becomes Russia’s new Leader
Stalin calls for collective farming. He felt the banding together of farms would increase production
Those living in the Ukraine had strong nationalistic feelings and would not join with Russian. Over 5,000 Ukrainian scholars, scientists, cultural and religious leaders were arrested after being falsely accused of plotting an armed revolt. They are shot or deported to Siberia.