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Haber. To have. To Have. The verb “to have” is used in three different ways in English: to have something (possession) to have to do something (obligation) to have done something (reference to an activity) Consider the following examples: I have a wagon. I have to study for a test.

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Presentation Transcript
haber

Haber

To have

to have
To Have
  • The verb “to have” is used in three different ways in English:
    • to have something (possession)
    • to have to do something (obligation)
    • to have done something (reference to an activity)
  • Consider the following examples:
    • I have a wagon.
    • I have to study for a test.
    • I have been to the zoo.
tener vs haber
Tener vs. Haber
  • Tener is used to talk about possession and obligation.
  • Haber is used to refer to actions.
    • Haber can be confusing at first, but mastering it is a big step toward mastering Spanish.
    • Tenses that use haber are referred to as perfect tenses.
using to have to talk about actions
Using “to have” to talk about actions
  • I have seen that movie.
  • I would have spoken to her.
  • I will have graduated by then.
  • I had been waiting for an hour.
haber1
Haber
  • Haber can be conjugated into any tense, just like any other verb.
      • Present (he, has, ha…), Preterit (hube, hubiste, hubo…), Imperfect (había, habías, había…), etc.
  • However, haber never stands alone. It is always accompanied by another verb, in the past participle form. (See next slide)
  • Haber is irregular in many tenses.
past participle
Past Participle
  • The past participle of a verb is formed by removing the ending (–ar, –er, or –ir) and adding –ado (for –ar verbs) or –ido (for –er or –ir verbs).
  • When used with haber, the participles are not modified according to number or gender.
  • There are many irregular past participles.
present perfect
Present Perfect
  • This is where things get a little confusing. The present perfect is used to talk about things that have happened, meaning that it actually refers to the past; however, the present tense of haber is used. (This same confusion exists in English, we just don’t ever think about it.)
    • Yo he hablado con ella.
    • I have spoken to her.

Past participle of haber

Present yo form of haber.

haber in different tenses
Haber in different Tenses

I have talked to her.

Yo he hablado con ella.

I had talked to her.

Yo hube hablado con ella.

(This is very uncommon; the imperfect is generally used instead.)

I had talked to her.

Yo había hablado con ella.

I would have talked to her.

Yo habría hablado con ella.

I will have talked to her.

Yo habré hablado con ella.

practice
Practice
  • Using what you have just learned, try to translate the following sentences:
    • I have eaten dinner.
    • You have visited your friends.
    • We had already arrived.
    • He would have made good grades.
    • They will have called already.
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