chapter 4 syntax l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Chapter 4: Syntax PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Chapter 4: Syntax

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 13

Chapter 4: Syntax - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 114 Views
  • Uploaded on

Chapter 4: Syntax. “I really do not know that anything has ever been more exciting than diagramming sentences.” -Gertrude Stein. We can create an infinite number of sentences . John found a book in the library in the stacks on the fourth floor. S V O language.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Chapter 4: Syntax' - yves


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
chapter 4 syntax

Chapter 4: Syntax

“I really do not know that anything has ever been more exciting than diagramming sentences.”

-Gertrude Stein

we can create an infinite number of sentences
We can create aninfinite number of sentences

John found a book

in the library

in the stacks

on the fourth floor.

s v o language
S V O language

Your dogchasedmy cat.

S V O

My catchasedyour dog.

S V O

the natural breaks in a sentence
The natural breaks in a sentence:

My dogchased your cat.

My dog

(noun phrase)

chased your cat

(verb phrase)

noun phrase

verb phrase

My

dog

noun phrase

chased

your

cat

these natural breaks are constituents
These natural breaks are constituents

Constituency test:

  • Can stand alone
  • Can be replace by a pronoun or “do”
  • Can move as a unit

My dog chased your cat.

phrasing
Phrasing
  • Noun phrase (NP)
  • Verb phrase (VP)
  • Prepositional phrase (PP)
  • Adjective phrase (AdjP)
  • Adverb phrase (AdvP)
  • Complementizer phrase (CP)
categories
Categories

Phrasal

Lexical

Functional

NP

N

Det

VP

V

Aux

PP

P

AdjP

Adj

AdvP

Adv

S

CP

C

slide8

The dog chased your cat.

My

dog

chased

your

cat

S

NP

VP

NP

My

dog

chased

your

cat

phrase structure trees
Phrase Structure Trees

S

NP

VP

NP

read

The

child

a

book

phrase structure trees10
Phrase Structure Trees

S

NP

VP

NP

The

student

did

homework

her

slide11

The student did

her homework

in the library.

S

NP

VP

NP

The

student

did

NP

PP

her

homework

in

NP

the

Library

slide12

The new student did

her homework

in the library.

S

NP

VP

NP

The

did

NP

new

student

NP

PP

her

homework

in

NP

the

Library

practice
Practice:
  • The old tree swayed in the wind.
  • The frightened passenger landed the crippled airliner.
  • The hot sun melted the ice.
  • The house on the hill collapsed in the wind.