April 2010
1 / 50

April 2010 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

April 2010. Comprehensive Safety Analysis (CSA) 2010 A New Way To Measure and Address Commercial Motor Vehicle Safety. Joe Darby Doug Dickinson Marsh Risk Consulting. Overview. CSA 2010 overview – Mark Langer Time Line for implementation What clients are telling us so far Initial Concerns

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'April 2010' - yves

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
April 2010

April 2010

Comprehensive Safety Analysis (CSA) 2010A New Way To Measure and Address Commercial Motor Vehicle Safety

Joe DarbyDoug DickinsonMarsh Risk Consulting


  • CSA 2010 overview – Mark Langer

  • Time Line for implementation

  • What clients are telling us so far

  • Initial Concerns

  • What carriers should do to prepare

  • Wrap-up – Rich Bleser

Comprehensive safety analysis 2010
Comprehensive Safety Analysis 2010

What is CSA 2010?

CSA 2010 is a pro-active initiative to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of FMCSA’s enforcement and compliance program to achieve the Agency’s mission to reduce commercial motor vehicle (CMV) crashes, fatalities, and injuries.

Commercial motor vehicle fatalities
Commercial Motor Vehicle Fatalities

Rate of Commercial Motor Vehicle Fatalities is Leveling Off

A more agile efficient program
A More Agile, Efficient Program

Current Operational Model Limitations

Limited intervention tool-box for safety investigators (SIs)

Safety fitness determination tied to compliance review

Focus largely on carriers

Limited number of federal/state investigators compared to large number of carriers

FMCSA regulates ~725,000 interstate and foreign-based truck and bus companies

U.S. DOT/FMCSA audit Compliance Review (CR) is labor intensive

– Only able to reach < 2% (~12,000) of total carrier population annually

What is changing
What is Changing?

The way FMCSA assesses carrier safety

Identifies unsafe carrier and driver behaviors that lead to crashes

Uses all safety-based roadside inspection violations

Evaluates/tracks driver performance individually

How FMCSA addresses carrier safety issues

Reaches more carriers earlier and more frequently

Improves efficiency of investigations

Focuses on specific unsafe behaviors

Identifies root causes

Defines and requires corrective actions

How FMCSA promotes safety

Forces carriers/drivers to be accountable for their safety performance

Demands and enforces safe on-road performance

Makes more complete safety performance assessments publicly available

Csa 2010 op model
CSA 2010 Op-Model

New Safety Measurement System (SMS)Improved ability to identify demonstrated safety problems

New intervention processEmploys an array of interventions instead of the single option, labor-intensive compliance review

Proposed change for evaluation: new approach to the Safety Fitness Determination (SFD)SFD tied to current safety performance; not limited to acute/critical violations from a CR

New safety measurement system sms
New Safety Measurement System (SMS)

  • Uses crash records and ALL roadside inspection safety-based violations to determine carrier/driver safety

  • Weights time and severity of violations based on relationship to crash risk

  • Triggers the intervention process Calculates safety performance based on 7 Behavior Analysis and Safety Improvement Categories (BASICs)

  • Driver Safety Measurement System (DSMS) will be used to directly address commercial motor vehicle (CMV) driver performance in terms of BASICs, using available roadside performance data

Sms basics

SMS BASICs focus on behaviors linked to crashes

  • Unsafe Driving (Parts 392 & 397)

  • Fatigued Driving (Hours of Service;

    Parts 392 & 395)

  • Driver Fitness (Parts 383 & 391)

  • Controlled Substances/Alcohol (Parts 382 & 392)

  • Vehicle Maintenance (Parts 393 & 396)

  • Cargo Related (Parts 392, 393, 397 & HM)

  • Crash Indicator

New interventions process
New Interventions Process

The New Interventions Process addresses the…


Discovering violations anddefining the problem (similar to current model), but also expanding to include the why and how

WHY Identifying the cause or where the processes broke down

HOWDetermining how to fix it/prevent it through use of Safety Management Cycle and Safety Improvement Resources

New intervention tools
New Intervention Tools

  • New intervention tools reach more carriers and influence safety compliance earlier

  • Warning Letters

  • Investigations

    • Offsite Investigations

    • Onsite Investigations - Focused

    • Onsite Investigations - Comprehensive

  • Follow-on corrective actions

    • Cooperative Safety Plan (CSP)

    • Notice of Violation (NOV)

    • Notice of Claim (NOC)

    • Operations Out-of-Service Order (OOS)

Expansion from what to why safety management cycle
Expansion from What to Why? Safety Management Cycle

What safety management processes are breaking down?

Why are these safety management processes breaking down?

Safety fitness determination current limitations
Safety Fitness Determination: Current Limitations

  • The current safety rating/SFD process has limitations

    • Only issued with on-site Compliance Review (resource intensive)

    • Only a snapshot of carrier compliance taken at the time of most recent CR

      • Safety ratings (Sat, Conditional or Unsat) are often outdated and may not reflect current safety posture

    • Heavily based on violations deemed “critical” or “acute”

    • Unsatisfactory/Unfit SFD rating requires multiple areas of deficiency

Proposed change to the sfd process
Proposed Change to the SFD Process

Incorporate on-road safety performance via new SMS on a monthly basis

Continue to include major safety violations found as part of CSA 2010 investigations

Produce a Safety Fitness Determination of

Unfit or

Marginal or

Continue Operation

Draft rulemaking is currently in review within FMCSA; NPRM is scheduled to be published Dec 2010.

Benefits of csa 2010 sfd
Benefits of CSA 2010 SFD

Maximizes the use of data collected during roadside inspections

Approx. 3 million inspections performed annually

Creates carrier accountability for sustained unsafe operations and performance

Assesses more carriers based on current safety performance

CSA 2010 issues safety ratings within the existing regulatory framework. This will continue until the SFD rule goes into effect

National implementation
National Implementation

Summer 2010

Replace SafeStat with SMS

Inspectors see BASICs information at the roadside

July through December 2010

Roll out interventions tool box

Send warning letters nationwide

Time line
Time Line

  • SMS information available to carriers : April 12, 2010

    • Live violation data available

  • Details of how BASICS are calculated: August 2010

  • Prioritization of carriers begins: November 2010

    • BASICS data live for all carriers

  • Safety Fitness Determination (SFD) Proposed Rule Making: December 2010

  • Interventions begin on large scale: Spring 2011

Preliminary results
Preliminary Results

New Elements

Warning letters are having a positive impact:

About 4,000 sent to-date

45% of recipients logged in to view safety scores

Feedback from test states indicates that carriers appreciate the early alert

Carriers are using SMS results

Some have logged in more than 200 times since the test started

Anecdotally, they are using the data to drive safety improvements

Impact on industry
Impact on Industry

Carrier Impacts

More carriers will hear from FMCSA

Specific safety performance information in SMS will be available

All violations will count

Warning letters will alert carriers of poor safety performance

More carriers will be exposed to compliance and enforcement efforts

Impact on industry1
Impact on Industry

Driver Impacts

Drivers will be able to examine their employers’ safety performance

Deficient BASICs will be available to roadside inspectors

Investigators will know an individual driver’s record across companies

Investigators will pursue and penalize driver “red flag” violations

Client experience
Client Experience

  • Two DOT approaches

    • Education opportunity

      • Chance to reset expectations

      • Provide insights to how to be safer carrier

    • Carrot and Stick

      • Stand off

      • Letter listing demands

      • Consequences clearly outlined

How to get better in sms
How to get better in SMS?

Good Inspections

“Get Well” Rules

Violation time weight diminishes


Webinar #2

Mn trucking association

MN Trucking Association

Initial Concerns




Peer Groupings

Accessing the data

Safety Fitness Determination

Crash Indicator

Inspection point values

Hazardous Materials as separate basic

Commercial Vehicle Drivers


FMCSA has agreed to some elements of the high lighted areas above – but continue to believe that the same data that was effective in reducing crashes with Safer will work with the BASICS


  • Unequal enforcement (i.e. IN and OH)

  • Probable cause basis for stop

  • Warning ticket

    • Lower threshold

    • No recourse

    • Intent on counseling not enforcement

  • Inspection inaccuracies

Peer groupings
Peer groupings

  • Vehicle size only basis

    • Only 3 groups

  • No industry grouping (i.e. bus, van, LTL, flatbed, hazardous materials)

Accessing the data
Accessing the data

  • What data will be available to public

  • What driver data will be available to carriers

  • Data accuracy

    • Driver employment decisions based on warning tickets that cannot be challenged

Crash indicator
Crash indicator

  • All crashes

    • Includes non-preventable which carrier cannot impact

  • Carrier with only non-preventable crashes could look less safe than carrier with a smaller of crashes that are all preventable

  • Mileage not used to normalize the data

Inspection point values
Inspection point values

  • Relative weight of infractions

    • Improper transport of explosives = 2 points

    • Loose tie downs = 10 points

    • Not informing carrier of violation = 6 points

    • Not wearing glasses or hearing aid = 2 points

    • Steer tire and trailer tire have the same weight


  • Data from terminated drivers stay on carrier profile for 24 months

  • Carrier that hires same driver has a clean slate

Vigillo aggregate statistics
Vigillo Aggregate Statistics

76% of Vigillo Customers have at least 1 BASIC over the Intervention Threshold (1200+ Fleets)

What can carriers do to prepare now2
What Can Carriers Do To Prepare Now?

Learn more about CSA: http://csa2010.fmcsa.dot.gov

Understand the BASICs

Check the site for implementation schedule and listening session notice

Sign up for latest news: RSS/listserv

Check and update records

Motor Carrier Census (Form MCS -150)

Inspection and crash reports https://dataqs.fmcsa.dot.gov/login.asp

Ensure compliance

Review inspections and violation history over the past 2 years

Address safety problems now

Educate drivers about how their performance impacts their own driving record and the safety assessment of the carrier

What can carriers do to prepare now3
What Can Carriers Do To Prepare Now?

Register for pre-employment screening


Use a private company to get a preview of the BASICs

Vigillo and RAIR Technologies provides model of CSA 2010

Driver management features not in CSA test



Mock FMCSA audit

Fleet Group can provide

Key points for clients
Key Points for clients

  • Coming soon to all states

  • Unlike Safer – “good inspections” do not impact all elements of the BASICS (e.g. Unsafe Driving)

  • Register for Compass Portal now

    • https://portal.fmcsa.dot.gov

    • Review, understand, correct data

  • Take letter seriously

    • Safety rating can change without an audit

  • Individual driver performance will be visible

    • Hiring / retention implications

April 2010






Safety Fitness




Measure and

Mutually explore

monitor performance

the situation and form

and continuously

initial hypotheses of





CSA 2010


Define the



Improvement Opportunities









Search for the


Create and


s most


likely cause(s);


refine and

test the







Best Solution

Identify the



the risks involved, and the

commitment to change


  • Game Changer

    • Regulations remain the same

    • Accountability measures are enhanced

  • Action Steps

    • Take Seriously

    • Assess Fitness

    • Identify Opportunities

    • Train

    • Incorporate Action Plan

    • Monitor Performance

  • Marsh Risk Consulting is at the fore-front

    • Contact us for assistance


For additional information go to:www.fmcsa.dot.gov/csa2010

For additional assistance contact your local Client Executive or the following:

Rich Bleser – 414-290-4920 Doug Dickinson – 920-445-3814Joe Darby – 503-781-9821