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SubSearch P.S. The CM system for Marking Your Texts. S.U.B. S.E.A.R.C.H. (P.S.). S = Skim Speed read a Text for Main ideas! U = Underline (underline as you “first draft” read B = [Brackets] for that one major idea or thesis The SUB phase of the SubSearch (PS)

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subsearch p s

SubSearch P.S.

The CM system for Marking Your Texts

s u b s e a r c h p s
S.U.B. S.E.A.R.C.H. (P.S.)
  • S = Skim Speed read a Text for Main ideas!
  • U = Underline (underline as you “first draft” read
  • B = [Brackets] for that one major idea or thesis

The SUB phase of the SubSearch (PS)

is the quick “first draft” reading that

focuses on finding the main idea or

the BIG PICTURE of a text selection.

s u b the text
S.U.B. the Text:

As we Skim, Underline, and [Bracket] a text, we are forcing ourselves to concentrate and seek out the very few “MAIN IDEAS” in the passage.

SUB-ing a text is a fast strategy that leads the reader into discovery of the main concepts.

s e a for deeper reading
S.E.A. For Deeper Reading

Just as a submarine “goes deeper” to hide and to attack, sometimes we need to go “deeper” to find the details of the passage.

S.E.A. are the three distinct ways to mark a text that cause you – the reader- to interact with the ideas and the details you are reading.

s symbols

There are literally hundreds of SYMBOLS that you can use in the margin. Feel free to create your own.

An idea I agree with

I love this idea

Brainstorm – BIG IDEA

A “turnaround” idea / new direction

I disagree / incorrect thinking

Can you suggest a few other symbols?

e enumeration

LISTS of facts, details, names, and dates are some of the best clues an author gives to a reader.

Example: The North won the Civil War because they had better supplies, more economic power, and a larger population.

a abbreviation

Make better use of your margins by using abbreviations. Think IM or text message lingo.

ot - off topic

pu – that idea stinks

FYI – for your information…an idea worth knowing

eod – end of discussion…the author makes a culminating point

tmi – too much information…don’t need to know all this

Can you suggest some more abbreviations that would be helpful?

make good use of your emoticons
Make good use of your Emoticons!

:O = I’m shocked by this idea!

  • = I’m disappointed by this viewpoint
  • = I’m happy to read this!

>:( = I’m annoyed with this author

: l = I’m bored with this text

:/ = I’m frustrated with this text

the r c is the most important
The R/C is the most important
  • We want you to REACT and CONNECT to the text while you’re reading by writing personal notes and tracking your emotions in the margins.
  • The R/C phase is the most important because it shows that the reader is truly interacting with the text. IF YOU CAN CONNECT TO THE MATERIAL, YOU WILL REMEMBER IT.
  • R/C is one of the stages of SubSearch (PS) that is ALWAYS REQUIRED!
h highlight

Highlighting is likeGOLD

Highlighting has value when it is RARE.

Too much highlighting = little learning!

*Only after we have SUB-ed and SEARC-ed, can we then pick up a highlighter – and we should put a limit on the number of highlighted sentences / phrases per passage.

highlighting is an after reading strategy so is the p s
HIGHLIGHTING is an “after” reading strategy – so is the P.S.


When you paraphrase, you put information into your own words.


When you summarize, you condense large amounts of text into smaller bits of information.

If you can do both these things, then you are TRULY reading and comprehending!

why paraphrase or summarize
Why Paraphrase or Summarize?
  • According to research, paraphrasing and summarizing information may be the most significant strategy and skill that students develop in school (Marzano).
  • After finishing the SUB-SEARCH of an article or passage, you should be able to look back at your markings and write your own P.S. statement.