SMI: School Meals Initiative What is it and why is it important to me?
Background • SMI initiated after passage of the Healthy Meals for Healthy Americans Act of 1994. • Requires meals under the NSLP and SBP meet the Dietary Guidelines for Americans. Prior to SMI, meals just had to meet meal pattern.
SMI Nutrition Goals • Recommended Dietary Allowances (RDA) • ¼ RDA for appropriate age/grade group for breakfast for protein, calcium, iron, vitamins A and C • 1/3 RDA for appropriate age/grade group for lunch for protein, calcium, iron, vitamins A and C • Recommended Energy Allowances (calories) • Appropriate for age/grade group • Dietary Guidelines for Americans • Eat a variety of foods • Limit total fat to <30% of calories • Limit saturated fat to <10% of calories • Choose a diet low in cholesterol • Choose a diet with plenty of vegetables, fruits, and grain products • Choose a diet moderate in salt and sodium • SMI did not set specific levels for sodium, cholesterol and fiber. They are set by state agency. The following applies to Oregon: • Sodium-1200mg • Cholesterol-100mg • Fiber 1g/100 calories
Why are Healthy Meals Important? • Childhood obesity has reached epidemic proportions! • The percentage of children who are overweight has more than doubled since 1970 and the percentage amount for adolescents has tripled. • Overweight children are at great risk for psychological disorders such as decreased self-esteem and depression. • Overweight children and adolescents are more likely to become obese adults, increasing their risk for chronic diseases later in life. • Type 2 diabetes has skyrocketed among children and adolescents over the past decade. Obesity is also associated with increased rates of high cholesterol and high blood pressure.
So what do I send to the state? Food Based vs. Nutrient Standard
Schools Can Make A Difference • We can be a part of the solution • Schools influence students eating and physical activity patterns • Providing healthy food choices in a positive school nutrition environment= success • Your role should be to have healthy food choices available for students so that the school cafeteria becomes a learning environment for nutrition education
Show off your program! • Apply for: • USDA HealthierUS School Challenge http://www.fns.usda.gov/tn/HealthierUS/index.html • Oregon School Wellness Award • http://www.ode.state.or.us/search/page/?id=3016 • Alliance for a Healthier Generation • http://www.healthiergeneration.org/