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The Holocaust. Description History Victims Concentration Camps Liberation and Beyond. Description. What is The Holocaust?. Holocaust was originally a Jewish term that meant "a burnt sacrifice offered to God"

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the holocaust

The Holocaust




Concentration Camps

Liberation and Beyond

what is the holocaust
What is The Holocaust?
  • Holocaust was originally a Jewish term that meant "a burnt sacrifice offered to God"
  • Now refers to the systematic annihilation (complete removal) of European Jews and other minority groups by Nazi Germany
  • The Holocaust is considered to have taken place between 1933-1945
  • World War II officially took place between 1939-1945
1933 Hitler comes to power, along with his Nazi Party (National Socialist German Workers
  • 1933 “Nuremberg Laws” make Jewish people second class citizens and Jewish businesses are boycotted
1933-1935 plans to reduce genetic inferiors by sterilization
  • 1933-1939 minorities are sent to concentration camps
  • 1937-1939 Jews are not allowed to attend public schools or theatres, and could not live or even walk within certain sections of town
1938 During Kristallnacht (Night of Broken Glass), Jews are arrested, and their homes and synagogues are destroyed
  • 1939 Germany invades Poland, start of WWII, Germans view Polish as subhuman
  • 1942-1944 Polish Jews sent to extermination camps
  • May 1945 Defeat of Nazi Germany

“There may be times when we are powerless to prevent injustice, but there must never be a time when we fail to protest.”

~Elie Wiesel

other minorities targeted
Other minorities targeted
  • Physically handicapped
  • Mentally handicapped
  • Gypsies
  • Homosexuals
  • Jehovah’s Witnesses
  • Did not escape the terror
  • 1 ½ million Jewish and minority children were murdered
Women and children were usually seen as useless
  • Only those who could work or perform jobs were kept alive
  • Those who were allowed to live were disinfected and their heads were shaved
  • Many were killed in the “poison gas” showers
men in concentration camp wiesel is in this picture
Men in Concentration Camp

Wiesel is in this picture

Most people had few family members left
  • Many people left Germany and Poland for other countries
  • Some went to “Displaced Persons” camps
1986 won Nobel Peace Prize
  • Currently a professor at Boston University
  • Survived Auschwitz and Buchenwald
  • Published Night, a memoir of his time in the concentration camps, in 1960.