C omparison of adjectives - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  1. Comparison of adjectives

  2. Adjectives have 3 Degrees: SUPERLATIVE • Most of a trait • “tallest” COMPARATIVE • More of a trait • “taller” POSITIVE • Simple trait • “tall”

  3. Comparative: -ER, More… • Find the STEM • Add -IOR for M & F-IUS for N • Decline like 3rd Declension nouns alt us alt ior alt ius

  4. altior rex tempus altius altioris regis altioris temporis regi altiori tempori altiori NOM. GEN. DAT. ACC. ABL. NOM. GEN. DAT. ACC. ABL. altiorem regem altius tempus altiore rege tempore altiore reges altiores altiora tempora altiorum regum temporum altiorum regibus altioribus altioribus temporibus reges altiores tempora altiora regibus altioribus altioribus temporibus

  5. altior altius altioris altioris altiori altiori NOM. GEN. DAT. ACC. ABL. NOM. GEN. DAT. ACC. ABL. altiorem altius altiore altiore altiores altiora altiorum altiorum altioribus altioribus altiores altiora altioribus altioribus

  6. Big Fat Formula -IOR = -ER

  7. Superlative: -EST, Most… • Find the STEM • Add -ISSIMUS • Decline like 1st & 2nd Decl. nouns alt us alt issimus

  8. Big Fat Formula -ISSIMUS = -EST

  9. Superlative Exceptions • Adjectives whose first form end in -ER • Just add -RIMUS acer celer pulcher acer rimus celer rimus pulcher rimus

  10. Superlative Exceptions • 6 Special adjectives that end in -LIS facilis easy difficilis difficult similis similar dissimilis dissimilar gracilis graceful humilis humble

  11. Superlative Exceptions • Just add –LIMUS to the STEM facilis difficilis similis dissimilis gracilis humilis

  12. Superlative Exceptions • Just add –LIMUS to the STEM facil limus difficil limus simil limus dissimil limus gracil limus humil limus