Elements of the Shakespearean Tragedy • Tragic Hero: a person of high rank whose fate affects the destiny of his country, city, or family. • The hero is always an extraordinary and admirable man. He is usually good and noble, but when evil, he has equal traits such as strength, courage or ambition.
Shakespearean Tragedy • The hero has a character flaw, which, with the help of other circumstances, leads the hero to calamity and death—a contrast to the hero’s prior happiness and glory. • A dual conflict generates the play’s action. There is an external conflict (war) and an internal conflict (Macbeth’s ambition and later his guilty conscience).
Shakespearean Tragedy • Good always triumphs in the end. Although the hero has pulled down the world around him, there is someone who restores order at the end of the tragedy. • Tragedies contain the supernatural, such as witches and ghosts. • Tragedies contain characters who experience abnormal psychological states, such as Macbeth’s visions.