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Calculating Heat. Specific Heat. Amount of heat energy needed to raise the temp of 1 ml of a substance 1 °C For water the specific heat is 4.19 J/g °C, but it is differenct for different substances It takes 4.19 J to raise the temp of 1 g of water 1 °C

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Specific heat
Specific Heat

  • Amount of heat energy needed to raise the temp of 1 ml of a substance 1°C

  • For water the specific heat is 4.19 J/g °C, but it is differenct for different substances

  • It takes 4.19 J to raise the temp of 1 g of water 1 °C

  • Every substance has a different specific heat



Calculating heat when substance in one phase
Calculating Heat When Substance in One Phase

  • Heat released or absorbed can be calculated by multiplying three factors

  • Heat = specific heat x mass x temp change

    q = c x m x Δt


Practice
Practice

  • The specific heat of water is 4.19 J/ g C. How much heat is needed to warm 350g of water from 25 C to 75 C?

  • If 178 J of heat is needed to increase the temperature of a 20g piece of copper metal from 25 C to 48 C, what is the specific heat of copper?


Heat and phase change evaporation
Heat and Phase Change (Evaporation)

  • Heat of vaporization (HVAP)energy required to change one gram of a substance from liquid to gas.

  • For water 2260J/g

  • Q = HVAP m


Practice1
Practice

  • The heat of vaporization of water is 2260J/g. How much heat must be supplied to evaporate 50g of water?

  • How much heat is required to evaporate 150.g of a substance at its boiling point if it has a Hvap= 987 J/g?


Energy and phase change
Energy and Phase Change

  • Heat of fusion (Hfus) energy required to change one gram of a substance from solid to liquid.

  • For water 340 J/g

  • Q = Hfus m


Examples
Examples

  • The heat of fusion of ice at 0°C is 340J/g. How much heat is needed to change 75g of ice at 0°C to a liquid at the same temperature?

  • The heat of fusion of water at 0°C is 340J/g. How much heat is released when 250g of water changes to ice at 0°C?


Practice2
Practice

  • How much heat is needed to change 100g of water at 50C to steam at 120C? The specific heat of water is 4.19 J/g C, the specific heat of steam is 1.7 J/g C, and the heat of vaporization of water is 2260 J/g.

  • How much heat must be released as 50g of water at 25C to ice at -10C? The specific heat of water is 4.19 J/g C, the specific heat of ice is 2.1 J/g C, and the heat of fusion fro water is 340 J/g.