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Chapter 5. Adjectives and Adverbs. Dear Alice, We hiked and camped. We saw flowers and climbed trails. --Gomez.

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chapter 5

Chapter 5

Adjectives and Adverbs

slide3
What would you think if you received the postcard message? It’s kind of boring, isn’t it? To give a better sense of what it was like to be there, the writer could add words describing what he saw and did.

We hiked endlessly and camped late. We saw mountain flowers and carefully climbed steep trails.

we hiked endlessly and camped late we saw mountain flowers and carefully climbed steep trails
We hiked endlessly and camped late. We saw mountain flowers and carefully climbed steep trails.

The words writers use to describe people, places, and things are adjectives. The words they use to describe actions are adverbs. What adjectives and adverbs would you use to describe the picture on the postcard above?

write away wish you were here
Write Away: Wish You Were Here!
  • Create a postcard of one of your favorite outdoor places.
  • On one side, describe the place and what you did there.
  • Illustrate the other side with a picture of what you have described.
  • Save your postcard in your Working Portfolio.
slide6
An adjective is a word that modifies, or

describes, a noun or a pronoun.

MODIFIES

A heavy rainstorm soaked the campsite.

ADJECTIVENOUN ( What kind of rain? )

Adjectives help you see, feel, taste, hear, and

smell all the experiences you read about.

adjectives help you see feel taste hear and smell all the experiences you read about
Adjectives help you see, feel, taste, hear, and smell all the experiences you read about.

Notice how adjectives make the second

sentence in this pair more descriptive.

Coyotes startled the campers.

Noisycoyotes startled the sleepy campers.

slide8
Adjectives answer the questions:

what kind,

which one,

how many, and

how much.

slide10
What kind?

round roof

waterproof floor

How many?

Several tent stakes

two people

Which one or ones?

only door

each window

articles
Articles

The most commonly used adjectives are the articles a, an, and the.

articles1
Articles

The most commonly used adjectives are the articles a, an, and the.

Aand anare used with singular nouns.

articles2
Articles

The most commonly used adjectives are the articles a, an, and the.

Aand anare used with singular nouns.

Use a before a word beginning with a consonant sound.

a tent a candle a lamp

articles3
Articles

The most commonly used adjectives are the articles a, an, and the.

Aand anare used with singular nouns.

Use a before a word beginning with a

consonant sound.

a tent a candle a lamp

Use anbefore a word beginning with a vowel sound.

an axe an elephant an unusual night

articles4
Articles

Theis an article that points to a particular person, place, thing, or idea.

articles5
Articles

Theis an article that points to a particular person, place, thing, or idea.

You can use thewith singular or plural nouns.

articles6
Articles

Theis an article that points to a particular person, place, thing, or idea.

You can use thewith singular or plural nouns.

Thehiker tripped on the trail and dropped the cameras.

articles7
Articles

Use thewhen you want to refer to a specific person, place, thing, or idea.

Use aand anwhen you want to be less specific.

Did the team leader bring a first-aid kit?

articles8
Articles

Use thewhen you want to refer to a specific person, place, thing, or idea.

Use a and anwhen you want to be less specific.

Did the team leader bring a first-aid kit?

ONE SPECIFIC LEADER ANY FIRST-AID KIT

proper adjectives
Proper Adjectives

Many adjectives are formed from common nouns.

proper adjectives1
Proper Adjectives

Many adjectives are formed from common nouns.

proper adjectives2
Proper Adjectives

A proper adjective is formed from a

proper noun.

Proper adjectives are always capitalized.

why it matters in writing
Why It Matters in Writing

Adjectives provide important

details about the nouns they

describe.

why it matters in writing1
Why It Matters in Writing

Imagine this description without adjectives.

Literary Model:

Max came last. He was lugging a new knapsack that contained a cast-iron frying pan, a packet of hot dogs, and a box of saltine crackers—plus two bottles. One bottle was mustard, the other, celery soda. He also had a bag of Tootsie Rolls and a shinyhatchet. “To build a lean-to,” he explained.

why it matters in writing2
Why It Matters in Writing

Imagine this description without adjectives.

Literary Model:

Max came last. He was lugging a knapsack that contained a frying pan, a packet of hot dogs, and a box of crackers—plus bottles. One bottle was mustard, the other, soda. He also had a bag of Tootsie Rolls and a hatchet. “To build a lean-to,” he explained.

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