SICk by Shel Silverstein 'I cannot go to school today, 'Said little Peggy Ann McKay.'I have the measles and the mumps, A gash, a rash and purple bumps.My mouth is wet, my throat is dry, I'm going blind in my right eye. My tonsils are as big as rocks, I've counted sixteen chicken poxAnd there's one more-that's 17 And don't you think my face looks green? My leg is cut-my eyes are blue-It might be instamatic flu.I cough and sneeze and gasp and choke, I'm sure that my left leg is broke-My hip hurts when I move my chin, My belly button's caving in, My back is wrenched, my ankle's sprained, My 'pendix pains each time it rains. My nose is cold, my toes are numb.I have a sliver in my thumb.My neck is stiff, my voice is weak, I hardly whisper when I speak.My tongue is filling up my mouth, I think my hair is falling out. My elbow's bent, my spine ain't straight, My temperature is one-o-eight. My brain is shrunk, I cannot hear, There is a hole inside my ear. I have a hangnail, and my heart is-what? What's that? What's that you say? You say today is...Saturday? G'bye, I'm going out to play!
Direct Contact • Touching eyes, nose mouth • Then, touching another person • Ex: Pinkeye • Indirect Contact • By air • sneezing or coughing • Sharing contaminated objects
Common Cold • Symptoms • Runny nose • Sore throat • Sneezing • Spreads with direct and indirect contact • Why no vaccine for the common cold? • Virus or Bacteria?
Influenza • characterized by fever, chills, fatigue, headache, muscles aches, and respiratory symptoms. • What is the difference between a common cold and influenza? • Spread with direct and indirect contact • Flu Season= December through March • Each year different strains of the virus become faster and stronger • Some types of the flu are dangerous • Ex: WWI, and outbreak of the flu killed more that 20 million people through out the world
H1N1 • 2009 H1N1 or “swine flu” is a new influenza virus causing illness in people. • This new virus was first detected in people in the United States in April 2009. • This virus was originally referred to as “swine flu” because laboratory testing showed that many of the genes in this new virus were very similar to influenza viruses that normally occur in pigs • The symptoms: fever, cough, sore throat, runny or stuffy nose, body aches, headache, chills and fatigue. • Some people may have vomiting and diarrhea. • People may be infected with the flu, including 2009 H1N1 and have respiratory symptoms without a fever. Severe illnesses and deaths have occurred as a result of illness associated with this virus.
PinkEye • Pinkeye (conjunctivitis) is redness and swelling of the mucous membrane that lines the eyelid and eye surface. The lining of the eye is usually clear. If irritation or infection occurs, the lining becomes red and swollen. • Symptoms: Eye redness, Swollen, red eyelids, More tearing than usual, Feeling as if something is in the eye, An itching or burning feeling, Mild sensitivity to light, drainage from the eye. • Spread by direct and indirect contact • Causes: • Can be a virus or bacteria. • Dry eyes from lack of tears or exposure to wind and sun. • Chemicals, fumes, or smoke • Allergies
Chicken pox • A well defined contagious period • A week before symptoms appear • When blisters dry up the disease is not contagious anymore • Symptoms include: rash, fever, aching muscles, and small, itchy, red bumps • Vaccine available in 1995 • Spread Direct and Indirect Contact
Measles • Defines contagious period • A few days before symptoms appear and 5 days after • Symptoms include rash, fever, head and body aches • A very dangerous disease: 1 million children each year die from the disease • Over 90% are vaccinated in the U.S. so the disease is less common • Direct and Indirect
Mumps • Symptoms include: fever, headache and swollen salivary glands • Contagious for a week before symptoms begin • 90% of children are vaccinated in U.S. • Direct and Indirect
Mononucleosis • A viral disease characterized by a severe sore throat and swelling of the lymph glands in the neck and around the throat area. • Symptoms include: fatigue, loss of appetite, fever and headache • Often called “the kissing disease” • Spread by coming in contact with the saliva of an infected person • Kissing • Contaminated utensils • Drinking glasses
Hepatitis • Viral disease characterized by an inflammation of the liver and yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes • Other symptoms: weakness, fatigue, loss of appetite, fever, headaches and sore throat • 3 Common Strains: A, B, and C • All spread by Direct contact • HEPATITIS A- • There is a vaccine for this disease. • A liver disease caused by a virus. • It is common in areas with poor sanitation and is generally transmitted when human waste contaminates food or water. • People can also become infected if they have open wounds exposed to contaminated water. • HEPATITIS B- • There is a vaccine available and those infected can remain contagious for the rest of their lives • A liver disease caused by a virus, spread through blood, sexual contact or when drug users share needles. • HEPATITIS C • A liver disease caused by a virus, is primarily spread though the sharing of contaminated (dirty) needles to share drugs or a dirty needle when getting a tattoo. • There is no vaccine for this disease, but medications can help treat it. Once infected with the disease, you can remain contagious for the rest of your life.
Tuberculosis • Known as “TB” • Bacterial disease that affects the lungs • Symptoms: cough, fatigue, night sweats, fever, weight loss • Spread through the air (coughing, sneezing) • Direct or indirect? • Some people can carry TB and show no symptoms (they can still spread the disease) • Health often check healthy people for TB
Pneumonia • A serious inflammation of the lungs • Symptoms: fever, cough, chills and difficulty breathing • Can be caused by a virus or bacteria • Bacterial pneumonia can be treated with antibiotics • Spread indirect or direct • People with weak immune systems are at greater risk for getting pneumonia
Strep Throat • A sore throat caused by a bacteria • Symptoms: red and painful throat, fever, and swollen lymph nodes in the neck • Person can also have a fever, headache, or nausea • Spread direct and indirect contact • Medical professionals can test for strep by swabbing the inside of a persons mouth and then testing the bacteria (streptococcal)