The Five Themes of Geography Identification Slide Show Developed by Joseph Naumann
PLACE LOCATION HUMAN ENVIRONMENT/ INTERACTION REGION MOVEMENT 5 Themes & Geographic Questions
Location – determining thepositionof a placeon the earth’s surface • Absolute location – precise positioning – latitude and longitude are the best. • GIS gives this new meaning • Automobile systems linked to satellites • Relative location – describing in relation to other, known places such as landmarks and unusual, easily recognizable features. • Used by most people in giving directions
RELATIVE ABSOLUTE From UMSL, drive north on South Florissant Road through Ferguson. Continue north past I-270. At the second stop light, you should see a log cabin and tennis court and large water tank on the left side of the road. Continue to the next street, St. Catherine. You will see a Sinclair Oil gas station on the left. Immediately across the street is a small strip shopping center. The center store is Old Town Donuts. Make a right turn into the parking lot and go in. Where is 38º N and 95ºW?
Place – thosefeatures that give characterto a location (a degree ofuniqueness). • Physical place – natural features – what nature provides – climate, landforms, vegetation, etc. • Can many places no longer be called physical places – where might the human influence be absent today? This relates to the theme of human/environment interaction. • Human (cultural) place – features added by humans – distinctive dress, architecture, language, religion, burial practices, agricultural practices, etc.
HUMAN PLACE PHYSICAL PLACE PRODUCED BY HUMANS Distinctive type of boat associated with south Pacific islands CREATED MAINLY BY NATURE Arid area with exotic stream at the foot of a great escarpment or mountain range.
HUMAN PLACE PHYSICAL PLACE CREATED BY NATURE Volcanic mountains which influence soil fertility and present hazardous living conditions PRODUCED BY HUMANS Distinctive type of dress, musical instrument & music
Human/Environment Interaction • Human adaptations to natural conditions. • Heavy coats in winter • Elevated housing in areas prone to flooding • Changes in natural conditions made by humans. • Digging canals • Changing the vegetation – farming, etc.
HUMANS ADAPT - HUMANS CHANGE • Humans had to adapt their construction methods to the arctic environment when they built the Alaska pipeline. • Faster, easier transportation was important enough for them to construct tunnels through the mountains.
Humans change things • The Netherlands versus the Sea. Humans have reclaimed land from the sea at least for now
Movement – thetransferof material and non material thingsfrom place to place • Material things – involving tangible objects transported in a variety of ways • Animal and animal-powered means • Land, water, and air vehicles • Non-material things – information, power, culture traits • Fashions, trends, fads, etc. • Electronic media, etc.
MATERIAL NONMATERIAL • Material objects (cargo & passengers) are transferred from one place to another by an airplane. • Nonmaterial entity (data, pictures, & conversations) move invisibly from one place to many others.
Regions – mental constructs expressingsome commonality or uniformity • Formal Regions – possesses a single common feature or a limited combination of features throughout the area • Political units such as states and counties • Functional Regions – An operational unit based on organization, structure, and interactions • The hinterland of a major city
FORMAL REGION • The different colors stand for territory added to Russia during different periods of time. The common feature for each color is the time period in which it was added to Russia.
FUNCTIONAL REGION • Coal mining is at the heart of the economy of all these counties. Many factors are related to the coal mining industry. The deposits influence movement and settlement patterns.
Common core area Different sets of criteria produce different versions of a region • All three are anchored around a core area, but the peripheral areas of the regions differ markedly.