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The Five Themes of Geography Edited by Joe Naumann, UMSL
Geography is the study of the earth and the ways people live and work • Comes from the Greek word geographia “description of the earth”
What are the 5 themes? • The five themes are what geographers examine when learning about a destination. • Location • Place • Movement • Human-Environment Interaction • Region
Where are we? • LOCATION answers this question in geography. • There are two types of LOCATION. • Absolute Location • Relative Location
Location • Absolute Location: • The exact location of a country. • This location can never move or change. • Uses latitude & longitude • Can be an address including the zip code
Location • Relative Location • The location of a place in relation to another geographic feature. • Where is Lake Mead in relation to Las Vegas?
What is it like? • PLACE is what is described by people when they return from a destination. • What do you imagine when you think of: • China • Russia • France • India
Place • When looking at a place we need to examine two kinds of characteristics. • Physical Characteristics • Human Characteristics
Place • Physical Characteristics: • Describes the land forms, vegetation, and climate of a location. • Las Vegas • Valley-land surrounded by mountains & hills. • Shrubs and cactus • Dry, hot desert • Miami, Florida • Lowlands, swamps, and beaches • Tropical flora and fauna • Humid and hot
Place • Human Characteristics: • Examines the humans of the area. • How many people live, work, and visit a place? • What are their languages, customs, and beliefs? • How does their economy work? • What type of government do they have & how does it work?
Human Characteristics of USA • Commonalities • Languages? • Religions? • Economy? • Government? • Popular Locations?
Human Characteristics of USA • Common languages: English & Spanish • Religions: Christianity, Judaism, Islam, and many other religions. • Economy: Mixed market • Government: Democratic federal republic • Popular Locations: Disney World, NYC, Las Vegas, LA, and Washington, D.C.
Human-Environment Interaction • How do humans and the environment affect each other? • Alteration: we change the environment & sometimes Mother Nature changes it back. • Panama Canal • Levies on floodplains (Earth City) • Adaptation: when we cannot change the environment, we have to adjust to it. • Floods in Mid-west • Hurricane Andrew & Katrina • California mudslides
H.E.I - Continued • There are three (3) key concepts to HEI. • Humans adapt on the environment • Mississippi River for transportation & water. • Wearing clothes that are suitable for the weather. • Humans alter the environment • Heating & cooling buildings for comfort • Build pools which increase humidity levels • Humans depend on the environment • Humans use the plants and animals as food and as raw materials • Humans extract minerals from the earth’s crust to use as raw materials for making products
H.E.I. - Continued • Environment is not just nature, but it is also a feeling! • What is the environment of a big city with Los Angeles or New York City?
Movement: the transfer of material and non-material entities from one location to another. • Our world has been shaped by the movement of: • Material entities • People, resources, and Goods • Non-material entities • Mass Communication & energy • We live in a global community and economy that depends on huge amounts of movement.
Movement-Continued • Humans occupy places unevenly on Earth due to the environment. • We interact through Movement: travel, trade, and information.
Regions • Basic unit of study in geography. • Display a unity in terms of a common characteristic. • Government • Language • Landforms
Regions-Continued • There are three types of regions • Formal • Functional • Vernacular
Formal Regions • Defined by governmental or administrative boundaries. • States • Countries • Continents • Landforms • Cultures • Languages • Religions, etc.
The Web Airlineroutemaps.com only Powered by . Can't find the airline you're looking for?Search our database of over 1000 airline route maps Functional Regions • Defined by a function. • Airline Service Area • Newspaper Areas • If the function ceases, the region no longer exists.
Vernacular Regions • Loosely defined by people’s perception. • The U.S. South • The U.S. Midwest • The Middle East • The U.S. Northeast • The U.S. Bible Belt