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Western Expansion. Territorial growth of the U.S. Objectives. After today’s lesson, you will: Practice new methods in analyzing documents Outline the processes of U.S. territorial growth . Focus Question:. Explain different ways a country may grow in size. Western Expansion.

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Western expansion

Western Expansion

Territorial growth of the U.S.


  • After today’s lesson, you will:

    • Practice new methods in analyzing documents

    • Outline the processes of U.S. territorial growth

Focus question
Focus Question:

  • Explain different ways a country may grow in size.

Western expansion1
Western Expansion

  • By 1830s, Americans ready to plunge over the Mississippi

    • Driven by needs

      • New Land

      • New Markets

      • Trade with China

U s land claims
U.S. Land Claims

  • Purchased Land west of the Mississippi from France (Louisiana Purchase)

  • Shared Oregon with Britain

  • Negotiated border along Red River with Spain (Adams-Onis Treaty of 1819)

  • However, many saw a need for a Pacific Port


  • Analysis of Documents

    • Key to a successful essay

    • Key to understanding the period

    • Key to interpreting events


  • The speaker is the voice that tells the story. Include not only the name of the author, but also important facts about him/her

    • Provides perspective

    • Provides authenticity

    • Provides scope


  • It is the time and place of the piece; the context that encouraged the writing to happen. This can be a larger occasion or an immediate occasion.

    • When did it happen?

    • What is going on while it happened

      • Local

      • National

      • Global


  • The audience is the group of readers to whom the piece is directed. The audience could be an individual, a small group, or a large group of people. Try to find out who the speaker is “talking” to.

    • Shapes the discussion

    • Impacts the document


  • It is the reason behind the text. What does the author want the audience to think or do as a result of reading this text?


  • It is the general topic, content, and ideas contained in the text.

    • Keep brief

Western expansion

  • It is the attitude of the author as heard in his/her tone of voice. Tone extends meaning beyond the literal. Consider the following:

    • word choice,

    • syntax (sentence structure),

    • imagery


  • “My father was one of the restless ones who are not content to remain in one place long at a time. Late in the fall of 1838 we emigrated from Ohio to Missouri. Our first halting place was on Green River, but the next year we took a farm in Platte County. He engaged in farming and blacksmithing, and had a wide reputation for ingenuity. Anything they needed, made or mended, sought his shop. In 1843, Dr. Whitman came to Missouri. The healthful climate induced my mother to favor moving to Oregon. Immigration was the theme all winter, and we decided to start for Oregon. Late in 1843 father sold his property and moved near St. Joseph, and in April, 1844, we started across the plains. The first encampments were a great pleasure to us children. We were five girls and two boys, ranging from the girl baby to be born on the way to the oldest boy, hardly old enough to be any help.”

    • Catherine Sager Pringle

    • Across the Plains in 1844

    • 1860


  • Explain what you liked and did not like about today’s lesson